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Organizational Behaviour

Organizational behavior is an interdisciplinary field of study. The study focuses on the development of theories about how individuals behave within organizations. Business students are introduced to the study of organizational behavior so that, as business managers, these theories may be applied to improve an organization’s effectiveness. Organizational behavior models recognize that the behaviour of individuals within organizations is often different than the behaviour of the same individuals outside of a work environment.

The contemporary study of organizational behaviour is considered to have begun by Max Weber, with his book The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations (originally published in German in 1920. Weber introduced ideas about rational organizations and charismatic leadership. His ideas were reinforced by the ideas of Frederick Winslow Taylor, who suggested in Principles of Scientific Management (1911) that goal setting and enforcing standards and cooperation were the responsibility of management alone.

In the 1939 book Management and the Worker, Fritz J. Roethlisberger and William J. Dickson (with the assistance of Harold A. Wright) wrote an official account of the Hawthorne Studies conducted at the Western Electric Company. The discovery of the Hawthorne Effect became part of a movement towards understanding the human-relations aspect of management - a movement that focused on groups and motivation in organizations. Other contributions to the developing study of human-relations included those from Frederick Herzberg (Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory), Abraham Maslow (Maslow's hierarch of needs), Douglas M. McGregor (McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y), Geert Hofstede (Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory), Victor H. Vroom (Work and Motivation), David C. McClelland (The Achieving Society), and Chester I. Barnard (The Functions of the Executive - one of the most influential books on management discipline). This human relations movement persists with the contemporary study of organizational behaviour.

Today, organizational behaviour incorporates ideas from industrial and organizational psychology, organizational theory (including organizational culture and organizational structure), business communications, and other business management fields. It is very similar to human resource management, although human resource management has a more applied focus than organizational behaviour.

Categories within Organizational Behaviour

Building and Managing Teams

Postings: 146

Teams are an important building block of today’s dynamic organizations, defined as: “a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, set of performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable.”

Stress and Emotions

Postings: 95

The study of organizational behaviour includes the development of models for sources of stress and how individuals respond to stress in the workplace.

Personality Traits

Postings: 45

Organizational behaviour includes the study of how personality traits affect individual and organizational outcomes.

Developing Relationships and Trust

Postings: 56

Building relationships and trust is an important component of leadership and an integral component of being an effective manager.

Influence and Authority

Postings: 40

The science of power, influence, and authority are central concepts in applied organizational behaviour studies. They go hand in hand with leadership skills, communication skills, motivation, building relationships and trust, and building and managing teams.

Change Management

Postings: 305

Business managers are the number one change agents in an organization. The science behind change management is increasingly important in today’s complex, competitive and constantly changing business environment.

Conflict Management

Postings: 303

The teamwork focus of today’s organizations makes identifying and resolving conflict in the workplace increasingly important for managers to navigate successfully.

Improving a Company's Environmental Scanning Abilities

Synthesize the literature into an analysis of the factors that inhibit and facilitate effective organizational scanning. Prepare an analysis and a question, which is designed to stimulate debate about the literature, and about the analysis presented by another student.

Toxic Leaders and Organizational Culture

https://www.forbes.com/sites/dougguthrie/2014/01/16/whos-to-blame-for-creating-a-toxic-organizational-culture/#1afcbcf6335b In the article "Who's to Blame for Creating a Toxic Organizational Culture" Guthrie presents the position that as the leader, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie was responsible for harboring an environme

Environmental Philosophy of Patagonia

Patagonia's Environmental philosophy Briefly summarize the philosophy for your classmates in your post. • Outline how this philosophy supports the values articulated by the author in the History section of the book. • What challenges do you expect that Patagonia is having, and/or will be having in the future, in maint

International Entry Cycle

Zara- Select an organization with which you are familiar (other than a firm that was "born global"). In what stage of the international entry cycle is the organization? Contrast the challenges of growing in the international market versus being born global. Next, describe at least four benefits your organization has gained or co

Leaders & Leadership Theory

Below are six video clips. I need help with: • What leadership model(s) best describe the approach to leadership exhibited in the video clips in a few sentences and why. All five of the below leadership styles must be used at least once. ◦Trait Model ◦Behavioral Model ◦Contingency Model (identify which one—Fied

Organizational Structure and Culture

Reading: http://managementhelp.org/organizations/culture.htm Assessment: See attached document The assessment has been completed and I have determined that the organization has an Urgent/Seat of the Pants type of culture. Based on the scores, I need help with: • Whether or not they fit any general expectations or consti

Conflict-Management Style

Please look at the attached survey and address the following questions: •What is the primary conflict management style? Explain. In what types of conflict is the primary style likely to be appropriate? In what types of conflict situations is it likely to be dysfunctional? •What is the least preferred style? What types

Case Study - Organisational Behaviour (Leading)

You are required to write case analysis using the Perceived Organisational Support theory. You will need to analyse the "What happened to my work-life balance?" case study (See attached case study 1), and use the above theory to explain how and why the theory has something to offer in terms of providing constructive advice

Organizational Problem

Request assistance with completing the following 2-3 paragraph assignment for Organization behavior class. SEE BELOW guideline. I have to identify a recent (or current) organizational problem/issue faced by a real-world organization within the past three years. Then explain why the problem/issue is problematic and how it

MBTI Team Types

Can someone please help me with this? Please look at PDF and help me answer the four questions on the word doc. Thank you. 1. What would the whole class do well? 2. What challenges might the whole class face? 3. What would the whole class need to do in order to be optimally effective? 4. How specifically can you ensure tha

Leading Organizational Change Examined

Think about the contradictory roles that differentiation and integration play in an organization's performance and its ability to innovate and operate efficiently. How may culture and/or geography influence an organization's ability to balance these opposing factors? Reference

Leadership Development and DiSC Assessments

Self-awareness is critical to effective leadership. You are on a committee for creating a leadership development program at a large corporate organization with 12 VPs, who provide oversight to over 4,000 employees. What processes would you introduce to help leaders who participate in the leadership development program to constru

Catherine's Reaction After Joining Fenway Waste Management

Read Case Study 3.2 on pp. 91-92 of your textbook. What was Catherine's reaction after joining Fenway Waste Management, and why was her level of social identification different from that of LJI? Discuss the social identity issues present in this case with classmates.

Perception and Reality Discussed

You may have heard the expression: "If it is your perception, it is your reality." Please discuss this issue, and comment on how easy/difficult it may be to change one's perception. Share a related personal experience. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as an i

Personality Tests for Potential Employees

Explain the reason why companies give potential employees personality tests. Also, explain the five-factor model of personality dimensions, and how they affect workplace behavior. Discuss the MBTI and its four personality types. Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbo

People-Centered Leadership

In many organizations, being "people-centered" is considered soft, irrelevant, and unrelated to profitability. Using support from historical perspectives of organizational behavior, explain how you would rebut these arguments. Review the "Skills Exhibited by an Effective Manager" (Table 1-2 in Organizational Behavior). Identify

Employee Behavior and Management Practices

What is employee behavior? What are the key theories and findings of employee behavior research? What are the key implications for management practice? Why should we study employee behavior? Possible References: Ajzen, I. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50:

Research Methods and Statistics

1) Are the different forms of consumer instalment credit in the following table highly correlated? Create your table in Word. 2) A researcher is asked to determine whether or not a productivity objective (in dollars) of better than $75,000 per employee is possible. A productivity test is done involving 20 employees. What co

Personalities and Organizational Performance

What role does personality play in the workplace? How might the characteristics of individual employees have an impact on the organization as a whole? Can you think of an example (positive or negative) of personality influencing organizational performance? What happened?

Variabilities In The Four Functions of Management

How do managers apply the four functions of management (Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling)? Is any one function more or less important than any other function? How might it depend on the type of organization or even the type of manager?

Organizational Behavior: Mintzberg, Structure, and Design

What are the five organizational forms of Mintzberg's framework? Provide examples of each. Define the term OD, and explain how its techniques are used to implement change. Describe three ways to structure an organization, and discuss the pros and cons of each. Explain what is meant by inter-organizational design, and

Strong Culture, Leadership and Organizational Culture

Explain what is meant by a "strong culture," and identify the characteristics of organizations with strong cultures. Define leadership in your own words. Explain why, in your view, it is difficult to define. Describe some ways that organizations can promote creativity? Explain the factors that lead to individual and team c

Business Management: Communication and Decision Making

1. Identify the pros and cons of group decisions. 2. Identify at least three ways that a manager can become a more supportive communicator? 3. In what way does culture influence communication? How can cross-cultural communication be improved? 4. Describe the Delphi technique, the nominal group technique, and the stepladd

Attitude, Commitment and Emotions in the Workplace

Will someone discuss the following with me? 1. What are attitudes? Briefly identify and describe the three major components of attitudes. 2. Identify and describe conditions in the workplace that tend to trigger stress in employees. 3. Explain organizational commitment, and identify its three common forms. 4. Ide

The Pygmalion and Golem Effect

What are the "pygmalion" and the "golem" effect? Can someone define and provide an example of a case where you observed at least one of these phenomena?

Defining Voices in an Organization

Please help answer the following question: What should a firm do to promote voice in organizations, and why is this important in promoting organizational justice?

Employee Enhancement Opportunities for CNA/Housekeeping

Both CNA and housekeeping jobs are often filled by caring individuals who speak English as a second language. These jobs are often entry-level positions into the workforce in general. Aside from offering English proficiency classes after work hours (on premises) what other enhancements can employers contribute to help these work

Power and Leadership Styles

Review one of the following websites, given below, that categorize good bosses and bad bosses: • Beck, M. (2008, April 3). Are you a good boss or bad boss? CNN.go. Retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2008/LIVING/worklife/04/03/o.good.bad.boss/index.html • Hansen, R. S. (n.d.). Dealing with a bad boss: Strategies for