Share
Explore BrainMass

Society and Culture

Society and culture are two concepts which are inextricably linked to the study of anthropology.¹ Basically, anthropology involves analyzing the cultural diversity of different societies around the globe so that our species, Homo sapiens, can be better understood. Uncovering the secrets from civilizations of the past should hopefully allow us to better understand the behavioural trends of the human species today.¹

  • Culture "consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society."¹
  • Society "as the people who interact in such a way as to share a common culture."¹

Understanding a variety of cultures is a central objective of anthropological investigations. Anthropologists seek to uncover the cultures of civilizations which live in remote geographic locations or that are from different periods of time.¹ This allows anthropologists to complete comparative analyses between different groups of individuals. Considering that multiculturalism is a common theme in societies today, understanding the origins of various cultures and respecting cultural diversity is critical.¹

Furthermore, in the study of anthropology, society is the subject of interest when it comes to conducting research.¹ Humans of past societies can be studied either from long-term cultural data/observations or from material remains which are found at sites. It is the individuals who make up civilizations which have allowed societal structures to progress and thus, it is them which need to be analyzed.¹

Evidently, society and culture are at the centre of the study of anthropology. It is the task of anthropologists to study societies so that cultural diversity and trends can be better interpreted and understood.¹

 

 

Image sources:

1. Wikimedia

References:

1. CliffsNotes. Culture and Society Defined. Retrieved May 23, 2014, from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/sciences/sociology/culture-and-societies/culture-and-society-defined

Laos: Globalisation and Human Trafficking

For this paper you will research societies currently facing problems due to globalization and choose one in which to write your paper. For example, there are numerous Indigenous societies that are currently battling oil companies, or other energy, and some who have been harmed by Coca Cola. The current issue should be within the

Gary Larson's "Anthropologists! Anthropologists!" Cartoon

Closely study The Far Side cartoon by Gary Larson. Based on what you've read in the text and the websites, discuss how the cartoon relates to anthropology. Content - Accurate application of facts and ideas. Consistently applies ideas from the textbook and LC readings/videos Response to Others - Responds much more than 3 ti

Dubai as preferred MICE destination

I am requesting help with research here. I am looking at Dubai as a MICE ( Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, and Events (MICE) destination. I need background on: ***the nature of the business event industry in Dubai ***the size of the business event industry in Dubai ***trends in business industry in Dubai ***supply an

Diversity Training: Trends

There were a couple of readings this week specific to diversity training. How would you describe the current state of affairs with diversity training and what advice (grounded in empirical evidence) would you give to organizations struggling with how to implement diversity training?

Anthropology for Business Applications

After reading "Conflict and Confluence in Advertising Meetings by Robert J. Morais How can anthropology be used within a business setting? Give few examples. Please 200 words.

Anthropology Article Review

* How Race Becomes Biology: Embodiment of Social Inequality By Clarence C. Gravlee *Mothers and Others By Sarah Blaffer Hrdy *Re-reading Root-Bernstein and McEachron in Cobb County, Georgia A year Past and Present By Benjamin Z. Freed Choose 1 of the articles and write a review - Be sure to incl

'Christmas in the Kalahari' Review

Mothers and others Sarah bluffer hrdy (Delivered as a tanner lecture on human values) Or Ancient bodies, modern customs and health Elizabeth d. Whitaker Or Ancient genes and modern health by S. Boyd Eaton and Melvin Konner (The Leakey Foundation) or Law, Custom, and Crimes against women The Problem of Dowry death in India

Anthropology and changes in society

What does it mean to say that the world is simultaneously becoming increasingly divided and increasingly homogeneous? What role has colonialism played in cultural change? What role do multi-national corporation play? How do anthropologists contribute to the understanding of these processes? In what ways do urbanization a

How Ordinary People Become Evil Beings

Please discuss how ordinary people can become evil and be responsible for committing horrendous crimes. What makes normal people do bad things? How can moral people be seduced to act immorally? Where is the line separating good from evil? How does the Chain of Command Responsibility play a role in making people commit cri

Haida House Frontal "Totem" Poles

Can you please assist me in understanding the significance of the Haida house frontal or "totem" poles and their purpose. I'm also curious as to why certain types of figures are incorporated in the totems.

Nowak and Laird's Applying Anthropology

Nowak and Laird's Applying Anthropology 6.2 box, in Cultural Anthropology, proposes the following question: The familiar saying "never do business with family" advises against the practices used in many of the chiefdom societies discussed in this chapter. This old saying implies that doing business with family will create co

Three Distinct Meanings of Cultural Relativism

Cultural Anthropology gives three distinct meanings of cultural relativism: a moral stance that requires anthropologists to suspend moral and ethical judgments when interacting with a culture different from their own, a methodological strategy that allows the anthropologist to pay specific attention to the uniqueness of a cultur

Limitations of People and Machines

In your own words discuss the relative capabilities and limitations of people and machines from an ergonomic point of view. NEED Reference, APA Format..300 words

Effective Anthropological Perspectives

Consider issues that are current in our own society today. Where will the application of an anthropological perspective be most effective? Consider and describe anthropology's unique perspectives on human cultural behavior.

Monumental Architecture

Why is monumental architecture unique to cities? What do such displays imply about the socio-economic and political organization of the society that created it? Consider pieces of monumental architecture found in the United States. Identify one of these monuments and describe the message it sends to the world.

Btsisi and Gender Roles

Btsisi' place great emphasis on the couple as the most important relationship in Btsisi' society." This translates to gender roles on economics as well meaning that "women and men do whatever is necessary for the smooth productive functioning of the household." What are your thoughts on this arrangement in comparison to wome

Bride Wealth and Stability of Marriage

Mention the correlation between bride wealth and stability of marriage. How is our understanding of this relationship impacted by the status of women in pastoral societies? Reflect on marriage in current North American societies. Is there pressure to stay with a spouse from members of our kinship groups? What factors contribute

Gender and Economy

Cultural Anthropology is used as your guide as well as your own ideas (scholarly articles). a. The role of women in foraging and horticultural based societies. b. How a woman's status is impacted by her participation in food procurement. c. How a woman's status in these societies, compare to that of women in American soci

Foraging vs. Horticultural Societies

What are the major forms of reciprocity found in both foraging and horticultural societies? Give examples regarding how they impact the level of conflict found in these societies.

This solution provided examples of cultural univerals and a discussion of their significance. Additionally, some issues of universalism are addressed, and a basic critique of univeralism is given in order to contexualize the takes for this issue.

How can the identification of cultural universals impact our understanding of what it means to be human? How does the search for universals help us better understand human cultural behaviour? Which examples can illustrate the ideas that our behaviors are impacted by more than our biology? Use your own experience in life to suppo

Role of the shaman/medicine man or woman in Native American culture.

What role did a shaman play in traditional Native American societies? In Native American culture, the shaman is usually referred to as a medicine man or medicine woman. How was the role of a medicine man similar to or different from, the role of a modern doctor or priest? What religious and healing duties did the medicine man pe

Topics in Cultural Studies

Analyze and interpret the following quotation:"Worldwide, non-Western cultures faced fundamental challenges to their cultural identities"not so much a recentering of culture but a decentering of culture (Sayre, 2010, p.419). In the later nineteenth century and early twentieth century, what would a"decentering of culture have

Cultural Studies

What was prehistoric society like in the area surrounding the Amazon River Basin? How do scholars learn about prehistoric cultures? What factors led to the ability of the European nations to dominate the New World civilizations? Details: Discuss the following questions: How are scholars able to find out how early people w

Kennewick Man exemplifies science versus culture.

The tensions between science and culture extend far beyond disputes over evolution. In some cases, science and culture disagree on not just what is true, but how actions should be taken in the real world. The story of Kennewick Man is a perfect example of this. In 1996, while two tourists were visiting Kennewick, on the Colu

Cultural anthropologists' methodologies are examined.

As a cultural anthropologist what might you propose to research and would it be an Ethnology or Ethnography? What methods would you use to gather your data? What potential issues may you face while conducting your fieldwork and how would you deal with them?