Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    History of Sociology

    Sociology as a subject emerged around the 19th century in response to the new challenges of modernity that arose with the Enlightenment. The political revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries and the industrial revolution brought a focus of social change to the world.

    The actual term was coined by Auguste Comte, the father of sociology in 1838. Comte felt that science and scientific analyses and methodology could be used to study the social world and discover the laws that govern our social lives. He introduced positivism to sociology, which implies that the social world can be understood based on scientific facts.¹

    The three theorists from the 19th and 20th century that are most often cited in sociology are Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. All three men were originally trained in other academic disciplines but contributed immensely to sociology.

    Karl Marx addressed class inequalities and its effects from an economic lens. Weber was a methodological anti positivist who believed sociological concepts should be viewed less empirically than Comte originally thought. Emile Durkheim’s works focused on society’s division of labour, suicide, religion as a social phenomenon and the methodology of sociology.¹

    The emergence of sociology as a discipline coincided with establishment and upgrading of many universities that wanted to focus on more modern subjects. In 1876 Yale’s William Graham Sumner taught the first course identified as sociology in the United States.¹ By 1910, most Universities offered sociology courses and by 1940, most Universities had sociology departments.¹

    The American Sociological Association (ASA) formed in 1905 and has 40+ ‘sections’ covering areas of interest. The International Sociology Association (ISA) now has 3,300 + members from 90+ countries.¹



    1. Crossman, Ashley. History Of Sociology. Retrieved from http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociology101/a/History-Of-Sociology.htm

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com May 30, 2020, 10:53 am ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    The Socio-Historical Perspective

    Can you explain the meaning of the term socio-historical perspective? Please provide an example of an event and explanation from a socio-historical perspective.

    Anne Sexon

    The postmodern world of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century (and the art created in it) reflected on previous styles and eras and challenged almost everything that came before it. Consider the different criticisms and challenges postmodern artists and thinkers raised with reference to the art and ideas of previous

    Cubism art example

    The rise of modernism in the late 19th and early 20th century built upon the achievements of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism and was associated with important changes in society and politics. In particular, the period before, between, and after the two world wars saw the emergence of new forms and styles that responded to t

    Neoclassicism, Romanticism, and Realism

    What were the driving forces behind the three stylistic movements in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries? What ideas and inspiration do we find behind Neoclassicism? What qualities were emphasized by the Romantic style? What were the artists of the Realist movement responding to in their works? Next, choose one work of a

    Organization and Socialization

    1. In your own words, define a formal organization and its purpose. Do you agree or disagree with Max Weber's stance that bureaucracy dehumanizes a person? 2.Identify the role of the family in the upbringing of a child, and determine its importance as a primary social group. Identify the characteristics of a secondary group

    Food Deserts - Issues

    Population and Urbanization" Please respond to the following: - From the e-Activity, determine what social issues you see when you investigated food deserts near your hometown and around the country.

    Aging and the Elderly

    Discuss how different societies and technological factors influence how aging is viewed. - Analyze how the issue of aging is approached by the three major sociological paradigms. Identify which you agree with most and state why.

    Topics in Social Change

    1. What are the implications of more active middle class participation in social change efforts? 2. How was this demonstrated and exemplified in the US Occupy Movement? 3. How was this demonstrated and exemplified in the Iranian Revolution? 4. How are different sociological perspectives related to such examples, such as Inst

    Weakening families and society changes

    The major changes that have forced differences are changes in the place of women in society as more equal in terms of jobs and working, more out of wedlock births creating more single families, less stigma by society on men who do not participate with or support their children. Another could be blamed on the advancement of techn

    Institutionalism in the Civil Rights Movement

    1. Since institutionalism is the idea that institutions have their own interests, what were the interests and motives of the instutions present during the CRM? 2. What was the motive or self interest behind the media as an institution throughout this movement? 3. What are some examples of how the presence of institutionalism s

    Civil Rights Movement through a sociological lens

    Hello, I have been studying the Civil Rights Movement for some time and the overall idea of the movement from the sociological perspective of institutionalism. I am curious about what kinds of institutions that had their own interests in mind so that they were acting in order to support their self-interests existed and played

    Ascertaining Social Class

    Imagine you were trying to assess a person's social class. Answer the following four questions: Based solely on his or her appearance, what physical traits would you look for? If you were only able to see the person and ask him or her just one question, what question would you ask? Why would you ask that particular question


    I need assistance with the assignment that is attached. I am not very good in this subject so it is hard for me to write a 2-3 pages concerning this subject. I need to cite my work and must be original.

    Research Methodology in Diverse Populations

    The topic I am studying is adolescents with homosexual parents (and their social life, i.e. stigmatization, bullying, etc). I have chosen a qualitative, phenomenological study. I need to discuss strengths, as well as the weaknesses of identified research design with this population. I should look for weaknesses of identifie

    Giddens, Collins, Habermas, and Bourdieu

    Anthony Giddens, Randall Collins, Jurgen Habermas, and Pierre Bourdieu are standouts in the twenty-first century, since they connect theory to practice (praxis) in social research. Reality testing is key, according to these and many other authors. I cannot find much research on these four researchers. Could someone please help

    Conducting Qualitative Research

    I need an example of a 2 page paper on a counseling-related research article on Narrative Research. Provide a full citation of the article. Provide a brief description of the study and the design employed. Analyze the strengths and limitations of that design in studying the identified topic and provide a description of you

    Gender Movements: Assistance in creating a time line from the 1960's

    Problem: Create a timeline that shows how the movements of the new left were occurring simultaneously. Include key events and people under the dates with notes on what was happening in the years you pick. The purpose of this timeline is to give the big picture of how events in the 1960s occurred simultaneously. This timelin