Explore BrainMass


Globalization is “the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture”.¹ Such a phenomenon has advanced due to the rapidly growing nature of technology and infrastructure.¹ For example, due to the improvements in telecommunications, transportation as well as accessibility to the internet, there has been an increase in interdependence between different countries and by extension different cultures.¹ 

Although scholars have traced the process of globalization to the third millennium BCE, way before the European age of discovery,² the process has truly been on the rise since the 1980s. In the context of international development, globalization is a fundamental concept, as it may affect business organization, economics and socio-cultural factors in a global sense. Thus, by understanding globalization, it can help elucidate the issues that shape international development.

Over many centuries, human societies across the globe have established progressively closer contacts.³ Multinational corporations manufacture products in many countries and sell to consumers around the world.³ Globalization not only refers to the economy, but also politics, culture and law. A globalized world does away with regulation and undermines local and national politics; it creates new markets and wealth, and has been known to cause widespread suffering, disorder, and unrest.³

Some of the issues being tackled include human rights, environmental protection and sustainable development. Therefore, it can be said that studying globalization is extremely important. So important in fact that many universities are offering a Master’s program on the topic.


Image source:

1. Wikimedia


1. Al-Rodhan, RF Nayef and Gerard Stoudmann. (2006). Definitions of globalization: A Comprehensive Overview and a Proposed Definition.

2. Frank, Andre Gunder. (1998). ReOrient: Global economy in the Asian Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.

3. Global Policy Forum. Globalization. Retrieved May 6, 2014, from

Leadership Challenge in Functional Leadership

What are the difficulties of becoming an excellent leader of a global enterprise. Incorporate what shaping forces in the international business environment bring about the main challenges to achieving this level of expertise in leadership.

Intercultural Competence

Trainers and trainees of global organizations should be interculturally competent. Define intercultural competence in your own words. Why is it important for global organizations to have interculturally competent employees and leaders? Compare and contrast the various models to intercultural competence. How should the informatio

UNFCCC and climate change

1. What is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)? What is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)? What are the major scientific facts in the IPCC that provide evidence that the Earth is warming up? Why are some scientists saying that the climate change is NOT man-made (e.g. human ind

The EU Debt Crisis

What are the causes of the European Union Debt Crisis? What are the latest developments? What are the advantages and disadvantages for a country to be a member of the European Union? What are some actions you might recommend that the leaders of the European Union take going forward? Why? Please use APA on citations and quotati

Advantages and disadvantages of adopting IFRS for GM

- Briefly describe GM (in one (1) short paragraph). - Given the SEC's current position on requiring U.S. publicly traded companies to report using the IFRS method of accounting, discuss whether or not it would be beneficial or punitive to the company when adopting IFRS. Explain your rationale. - Determine the differences that

Translation, Reporting, and Prices

Research a U.S.-based multinational corporation (be sure to review its financial statements) which is Northrop-Grumman. Help with the following: 1. Briefly describe the corporation you researched (one to two (1-2) paragraphs). 2. Discuss the direct impact of current, historical, and average exchange rates in the context of

Research on a U.S. Based Multinational Corporation

1. Briefly describe Northrop-Grumman (in one (1) short paragraph). 2. Determine whose rate of return (i.e., local or parent currency returns) the company you researched should use when evaluating foreign direct investment opportunities and justify the position. 3. Determine the role that accountants play in the managerial

Employee Voice

Employee voice is referred to the extent to which employment or labor laws permit or require employers to respect, respond to, or at least refrain from interfering with employee "say" and influence over the broad range of workplace matters of interest to employees. It can also include a very different subject of whether the law

Relevant Laws to Domestic Partner Benefits

What are the employment laws that are relevant to domestic partner benefits and how these laws impact employer's policies. Bearing in mind a detailed explanation of what domestic partner benefits at the work place is, what it entails, types of domestic partner benefits, how domestic partner benefits impacts an employer's policy,

Incurrence of Costs and International Labor Standards

Based on the Norwegian case I need a memo/ report on the ILO and Norwegian experience. Specifically, explaining how the workings of modern labor law led to defending the labor relations record from our operations off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico coast to a court almost half way around the world in the town of Volda, Norway. P

International HR Policies

I need shadowing on this: A U.S based firm is about to expand in Japan and Korea. As the HR manager, describe the challenges that might be encountered in terms of the international HR policies, practices (you can decide to cover all HRM practices such as performance management, reward, selection, etc., or focus in more detail on

Verbal Communication Style

Luthans and Doh (2012) discuss several characteristics of communication. More specifically, they discuss verbal communication styles. For this question, describe your own verbal communication style by using the major characteristics listed by Luthans and Doh (2012). Which cultures can relate to your communication-style character

Managerial approaches on regional and organizational level

Luthans and Doh (2012) discuss managerial approaches on a regional level and an organizational level. Why is it important for international managers to consider the impact of their decisions on regional cultures and organizational cultures?


Luthans and Doh (2012) describe four strategic predispositions. Select one strategic predisposition as your go-to strategy or one that you relate to the most. Explain how you would use it to strengthen your abilities as an international manager. Briefly describe how the other strategic predispositions differ from your go-to stra

Diversity and Conflict Resolution

Dear James. I only need 2 or 3 pages answering the following questions. Other than Brett, J. (2007), I will research my library for peer reviewed articles to satisfy the assignment to completion. I hope you can assist. It is imperative the problem is solved in meaning short form. The problem is as follows: Please use subtitles

Nuclear Threats in the Middle East

Pakistan and Iran are two major nuclear powers in the Middle East. Iran is a definite threat to U.S. involvement in the Middle East. Pakistan is considered an ally but remains in constant turmoil. What is the probability of Pakistan joining forces with Iran in becoming one major nuclear threat? How can the U.S. ensure this w

Self-esteem and competitive edges

Having workers with high self-esteem is supposed to give a company a competitive edge. If you were responsible for hiring a few new workers, how would you evaluate a given applicant's level of self-esteem?

Importance of Theory

Theory is very important in all fields of study. Thus, a vivid understanding of theory is essential in order for the scholar to make wise and valuable decisions which can influence processes and systems in our world today.

Healthcare and Policy is an interesting subject not only to policy makers but to the general public as a whole. We must understand the intricacies of policy making in order for us to be informed citizens, capable of making conclusions and sound analyses.

In terms of a definition of public policy, we can say that public policies are formulated through collaboration with a number of actors both governmental and private or nongovernmental. The idea of policy networks refers to "clusters of actors, each with an interest, or 'stake' in a given policy sector and the capacity to help d

What is morality?

Morality is a popular concept. A thorough understanding of the term is very essential among all students, teachers and general members of our society. It helps us to contextualize our surroundings and act appropriately depending on the situation.

What are ethics?

The word ethics is derived from the Greek "ethos" meaning "manners" or "habit." Ethics can be described as a philosophy pertaining to good and bad, justice, virtue, right and wrong behavior. Aristotle states that ethics is more practical and general as opposed to theoretical since we cannot simply study what virtue is, but we mu

Case to write up: Pathmark Sidestepping Interchange Fees With Loyalty/Payment Combo Card Written by Evan Schuman October 17, 2007 Directions: (1) Read the case. (2) Review the above article and at least 1 more article from a quality source on the Internet (not wikipedia). Hint: Do an Internet search on "credit and customer loyalty" and/or "credit and CRM." (3) Choose a retail chain where you have shopped and/or worked. Imagine that you are a VP of Customer Engagement for that store. (4) The CEO has asked you to prepare a memo for the Board of Directors. You are asked to comment on whether the Pathmark strategy ? debit/loyalty cards ? would be appropriate for your store. Your discussion should cover these topics. You are encouraged to use sub-headings related to each question. (a) Would this type of card be appropriate for your target market? Why or why not? (b) How can the program be modified to fit your particular retail chain and its target market? Why would your target market be especially responsive? For example, Victoria?s Secret offers its credit card holders a free gift every month with an extra on their birthdays. Their target market is women with discretionary income and a sense of fun, so gifts are appealing to them. Macy's has sales with an extra 10% off to credit card holders. They have a much broader market than Victoria?s Secret. (Do not use these examples in your own report. Create your own example.) (c) What kind of backlash can you anticipate from this program? What concerns customers (e.g., privacy loss)? Why? (3) Choose a retail chain where you have shopped and/or worked. Imagine that you are a VP of Custome

Where did Bin Ladin say fighting had taken place in Afghanistan

When Bin Ladin was fighting communism in Afghanistan, where did he say that the fighting had taken place and against whom? 1. In the newly liberated Baltic states and against Russian influence. 2. All fronts against communism or western oppression. 3. Throughout the Middle East and against all influence. 4. Afghanistan the