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Theoretical Framework

A theoretical framework is a lens through which to view society that guides both the thinking and research in pursuing that study. This framework will be the foundation for all further theories and research that fit in that particular.

The field of sociology has three major theoretical frameworks through which to view society:

Structural Functionalism

Functionalists view society as a complicated system of equally necessary parts that work together to create a stable or unstable society. When society is dysfunctional, it is because one or more of society’s fragments is not operating correctly. A strong, functional society can be equated to a well-oiled machine.

Conflict Theory

Conflict theorists view society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change. Societal events are all consequences of this conflict. Most conflict theory is derived from the works of Karl Marx.

Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic interactionists believe that society is the result of the symbolic meanings that people attribute to everything and everyone around them. People’s sense of ‘self’ and everything else is constantly constructed and reconstructed, influencing how they interact with their environment.

Classifying sociological theories into these three schools of thought is extremely useful pedagogically and methodologically. While these are three convenient categories, different theories in one framework can vary hugely from each other.

Categories within Theoretical Framework

Structural Functionalism

Postings: 9

Structural functionalism is a theoretical framework that views society as a complex system of interrelated parts.

Conflict Theory

Postings: 9

Conflict theory emphasizes inequalities of particular groups in society.

Symbolic Interactionism

Postings: 3

Symbolic interactionism posits that people act towards things based on the constructed and reconstructed meaning that thing has for them.

Understanding Mezzo Level Advocacy Organizations

Advocacy Organizations Conduct an Internet search for advocacy organizations related to the social policies in a mezzo or macro area of social work. For example, if you were searching for an advocacy organization (mezzo level) in the area of mental illness, you might come across National Alliance for the Mentally Ill. Desc

Cultural differences and issues

Can you chose one of the scenario in the attachment and answer the following questions. (1.) Consider one of the clients from the Riverbend City case studies. (2.) Research the important factors that you would want to understand if assessing this client. (3.) Develop a questionnaire that could be used as an assessment

Compassion fatigue references

Help is given in finding some scholarly literature pieces related to how a lack of self-compassion causes compassion fatigue among social workers.

Contemporary Sociologist Conflict Theory

What can contemporary sociologist do or recommend to improve the way conflict theory is resolved within our social structures? Also, what can be done to add more value to the conflict perspective? Thoughts/Ideas?

Operational Definitions

Identify the operational definitions in the following statements and discuss what, if anything, may be wrong with them: (1) smoking is bad for people's health, (2) poverty causes crime, (3) children who watch more than three hours of television a day tend to be more hyperactive than other children, and (4) alcohol consumption is

Racial Preference

Read the article and focus on the following key concepts (references if necessary): *Social Control Mechanisms *Labeling Theory *Social Stratification *Racial Profiling *Prejudice *White Privilege "Whites Swim in Racial Preference" : http://www.alternet.org/story/15223/whites_swim_in_racial_preference

Justifications for Racial Profiling

Discuss how various groups, perhaps including the government, justify the practice of racial profiling in relation to the attack on 9/11/01 and/or the bombing of Pearl Harbor. What affect does this racial profiling have upon the lives of various racial and ethnic groups in the US?

Commonly Held Beliefs Regarding Poverty

Review Paul Gorski's "The Myth of the Culture of Poverty" by clicking on the link below. Discuss your reactions to his claims and compare what Gorski talks about to commonly held beliefs in our culture regarding poverty. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/apr08/vol65/num07/The-Myth-of-the-Culture-of-Pover

Consequences of Bureaucracy

Describe the negative consequences of bureaucracy as viewed from both the individual and organizational perspectives. Please include examples to support your answer.

Sociological imagination

What did C. Wright Mills mean by the "sociological imagination?" How could it be applied to, for example, watching people running in a marathon, where our children attend school, or where we shop for groceries?

McDonaldization

How does the "McDonaldization" of society directly conflict with small business and the traditional "mom and pop" stores? In what ways do you believe "McDonaldization" has hurt these traditional businesses?

Ageism

The data seems to indicate that age discrimination continues to exist even though it may be a costly practice due to the declining birth rates. How did changing social conditions (such as increased life expectancy) and economic conditions (such as industrialization) change attitudes toward aging? Briefly summarize the 2 c

Sociological approaches to gender and media

Can I please get help getting started: While the media may try to communicate a message of non-bias when it comes to gender in advertising, there is still a significant amount of information that communicates the exact opposite. Identify the different sociological approaches when it comes to gender and research, and then find

C. Wright Mills, feminization of poverty and Americanization

Please provide brief clear responses 6. What were C Wright Mills' views on the Power Elite and the Military Industrial Complex? Are his ideas valid in understanding American society today? 7. What is feminization of poverty? What factors are responsible for keeping women uneducated and poor in the USA, and around the

Race-Based Interaction Patterns

Overall impact of race-based interaction patterns in our society. - Massey makes the point that spatial mobility is a barrier to social mobility—what is your interpretation of this concept? - In greater detail, consider how immigration settlement and spatial assimilation contribute to these patterns. - Do patterns of seg

National Security and Surveillance

If Arab Americans are monitored by the government, what is to prevent other ethnic groups from being monitored due to real or manufactured threats to national security? Once eavesdropping, search and seizure, and detention of suspects is allowed, how does one decide where it ends? Will this mean that any ethnic group that prot

International Sociology Questions

I have used several of your response from 2012 in my current Sociology class. I was wondering if you could provide me a response to the following questions. 1. Describe the schooling in India and Japan. How does it relate to the schooling children receive in the United States? 2. Compare and contrast some of the issues rega

Functionalism, Conflict Theory, and Interactionism

1). Briefly outline the three macro systems theories (functionalism, conflict theory, and interactionism). 2). Elaborate on how each of these perspectives would explain the macro system problem of crime and delinquency. 3). In your opinion which approach do you support the most? Explain your reasoning. At least one

Significance of Code Enforcement Research

Evaluate the significance of code enforcement research conducted by the Urban Institute, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Fire Administration/National Fire Academy.

Epistemological Foundations

Please help me understand ontology, axiology, epistemology, and methodology. I also need to understand how these relate to phenomenology and hermeneutics.

Ethnicity and Race issues

This attached readings illustrate a variety of ways that race and racial inequality are understood today. Explain each in detail, how they contrast with one another, how they can also co-exist with one another. How can racial inequality be understood as "non-existent," while people simultaneously discuss taking advantage of it?

Empowerment, Disempowerment and Social Change

1). Discuss the ways in which individuals can be empowered, 2). Discuss the ways in which individuals can bedisempowered 3). Discuss the ways how they can combat personal disempowerment. 4). How does personal empowerment lead to collective empowerment? 5). Describe how social change organizations empower their i

Effects of Program Evaluation

How do program evaluations influence marital and family therapy? What contributions might counselors offer toward these evaluations? What roles should counselors play in the evaluation process?

Soldiers and Politics

Discuss instances where military regimes successfully developed 3rd World countries/economies. Where have these attempts failed? Are there circumstances where a military government is good for that country/economy? If so, explain.