Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry is the examination of the structures and behaviors of carbon-based compounds. It uses both physical and chemical methods to evaluate these properties. Although it aims to study the behavior of organic substances in its purest form, it also focuses largely on organic reactions within different chemical systems, such as in solutions and mixtures. Even though Organic Chemistry is considered an isolated sub-discipline of chemistry, it is not truly distinct from Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry or General Chemistry, as it draws on concepts from each of these disciplines.

Organic Chemistry largely focuses on the study of structure, as one of the underlying principles is that structure determines behavior. Thus, by knowing an organic compounds structure, a chemist can predict its behavior under different chemical contexts. A common way to determine structure is through spectroscopy, which is the study of the electromagnetic interactions within the molecule under study. For example, analyzing the different peaks in a mass spectrum will reveal the mass-to-charge ratio and abundance of the different ions that are generated using the mass spectrometer. Thus, using analytical techniques to determine structure, property or reactivity is extremely important in the field of Organic Chemistry.

Since organic compounds form the basis of all life on Earth, the applicability of Organic chemistry is not limited to the laboratory – it also heavily extends into the fields of industry, agriculture, medicine and even botany. Thus, studying Organic Chemistry is essential for the prediction of organic chemical behavior. 

Categories within Organic Chemistry

Acid and Base Organic Chemistry

Postings: 404

An organic acid is a carbon-based compound with acidic properties, while an organic base is a carbon-based compound with basic properties.

Organic Chemistry Bonding

Postings: 327

In Organic Chemistry, Bonding refers to the process of a carbon-based molecule forming a chemical bond due to the attractive interactions between two atoms.

Organometallic Chemistry

Postings: 36

Organometallic Chemistry is the examination of the structures and properties of chemical substances which contain covalent-character bonds between carbon and a metal.

Organic chemistry questions

I completed this assignment but have no idea if it's correct and its stressing me out. I don't need #1 but if you could help me understand the rest, that would be great! Thanks

Enantiometrically pure retrosynthesis

There are many ways of making (R)3-ethyl-4-methylpent-1-yne. Explain what enantiomerically pure retrosynthesis is and show the enantiometrically pure retrosynthesis of this alkyne via a substitution mechanism.

Calculating percentage yield of reactions

See the attachment for all of the organic chemistry questions. The first one is concerning calculating percentage yield of a reaction, with the molecule drawings included.

Lewis structures of acids and bases

1. Draw the Lewis structure of the conjugate base for the following acid: H2SO4. Remember to include charges and non-bonding electrons where necessary. Use an expanded octet on sulfur to minimize formal charges. 2. Draw the conjugate acid for the following base. ::Cl::- Remember to include charges and non-bonding electrons wh

Chemiluminescence Lab Questions

Intent of lab: To synthesize 1,2-dioxetanedione which reacts with a polyaromatic molecule to produce light. 0.37g sodium percarbonate (containing 0.0035 mol H2O2) is added to test tube with 1mL of prepared (COCl)2 solution in it. (Note: in 10mL of prepared (COCl)2 solution there is 0.4mL (COCl)2 in 9.6mL CH2Cl2). 5 test tubes a

Synthetic questions - phosphonate

So in the problem it says the phosphonate will be helpful. From what I could gather they would be attacked by making the bromine into a grignard and the left side of product isn't hard to accomplish but getting rid of the ester on the right to give the doubly a-b unsaturated ketone is where I am not getting it. I assume that's

Synthetic questions

I cant figure out these two problems to save my life, for the first one I have researched my notes & papers to selectively add a methyl and alcohol trans across an olefin. If I try to oxidize the alcohol to get an alpha-beta unsaturated ketone to do 1,4 reactions none will get me the alcohol in the alpha position unless when fo


The goal of the recrystallization procedure is to obtain purified material with a maximum recovery. For each of the following situations, explain why this goal would be adversely affected. a) In the solution step, an unnecessarily large volume of solvent is used. b) The crystals obtained after filtration are not washed with

Synthesis Questions

Can you please explain these problems we don't have a book for my class and I haven't had any luck searching around online or from my physical organic book. Please let me know if you can do these?! 1.) Which form of molecule A is the most stable (1, 2, or 3)? Provide a graphical (i.e. figures not graphs) provide an explanatio

nomenclature of alkanes and alkenes

this solution describes how to name alkanes and alkenes . It was originally part of my ebook EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE. If you want more information or a more complete description to include inorganic compounds please see the ebook section of this website.

Chemical Compounds and Equations

(a) The equation below shows the final product in the reaction of propan-1-ol with potassium permanganate in acidic solution. Draw the structure of the compound that forms initially in this reactionn. (see attached file for formula) (b) Complete the following equation by drawing the structure of the organic compound that w

Solid Phase Extraction

Calculate the % difference for caffeine and standard deviation using your method so i can compare it to my lab partners results.

Retrosynthetic reaction

(a) (i) Provide a retrosynthetic analysis of the enamine below in order to identify the starting ketone and amine. Please see the attached document for the diagram. (ii) Write a reaction mechanism to explain the formation of the enamine under acidic reaction conditions from the ketone and pyrrolidine. (b) (i) Write

Orbital analysis

(a) The pericyclic reaction shown below is an example of the Cope rearrangement. (i) Classify the sigmatropic rearrangement as an [n,n]-sigmatropic rearrangement, where n is an integer. Show how the classification is arrived at as part of your answer. Please see the attached document for the diagram. (ii) An incomplet

sodium benzoate

why do sodium benzoate and other organic acids have so little effect on growth in foods that are close to pH7.0?

Ethylene Glycol in a Car Radiator

How many liters of the antifreeze ethylene glycol [CH2(OH)CH2(OH)] would you add to a car radiator containing 6.50 L of water if the coldest winter temperature in your area is -20 0C? Calculate the boiling point of this water-ethylene glycol mixture. (The density of ethylene glycol is 1.11.g/mL)

FC assay

In the Folin Ciocalteu assay, why do we need to excess FCR? Also give 3 reasons why gallic acid is used as standard for the total phenolic assay?