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Electrophile and leaving group

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Please see the attached questions with a few parts concerning electrophiles and leaving groups. I am a little confused on how to proceed. An explanation with work would be really nice.

Thanks for the help.

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3a. The alkenyl carbocation is less electrophilic as it is stabilized by resonance while alkyl carbocation is more electrophilic as it is not stabilized by resonance and hence more reactive.

3b. The ester is more electrophilic than the amide. O is more ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides explanations for questions regarding electrophiles and leading groups.