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Organic Chemistry

Identifying an unknown liquid via infrared spectrum.

Please identifying the unknown liquid represented by infrared spectrum in the attachment. Also, please attach a IR spectra from the SDBS spectral database for me to compare your answer. The liquid is soluble in water and has a boiling boing somewhere between 120-125 degrees Celsius. If the liquid is a alcohol, ketone o

Isoropyl Alcohol

Isopropyl alcohol (I.P.A.) has a flash point of 53 degrees Fahrenheit. The outside temperature is 68 degrees Fahrenheit. While this product is being unloaded from a truck, several cases fall to the floor and the product spills. Several large pieces of machinery and a welding operation are running nearby. Is there a potential dan

Combinatorial Chemistry Sample Solution

Lab 7: Combinatorial Chemistry Ojective: - Combinatorial Chemistry will be used to rapidly produce a library of potential drugs and explore their potential as antibiotics. This lab is adapted from "Combinatorial Chemistry: Antibiotic Drug Discovery" published in Doxsee and Hutchinson, Green Organic Chemistry: Strategies

Solubility: Water, Hexane, Ethanol, Ether, Heptane, Ect.

Could you please help me with the following chemistry questions?: 1) Rank them in order of relative solubility(1: most soluble, 3: least soluble) 1. Ethanol in Water? in Hexane? 2. Diethyl ether in Water? in hexane? 3. Heptane in water? in Hexane? 2) When mixed water and ether (diethyl ether

Structural Formulas for Isomers

Exercise 11: Draw structural formulas for all of the structural isomers of C4H10. Hint: There are two. You may find it helpful to build models to solve this exercise. Exercise 12: Draw structural formulas for all of the structural isomers of C5H12. Hint: There are three. Exercise 13: Draw structural formulas for all o

Melting Point for Known Compounds

* Unknown compound that shows an observed melting range of 90-94 Ë?C. Which is to be, X (listed mp 97-98 Ë?C) or candidate Y (listed mp 86-87 Ë?C). Why might your sample not have the same melting range as either of the known compounds, given that it must be one of them? * Test tubes labeled A, B, and C contain substances

MS, IR, & NMR spectrum of an unknown compound

You are given a description and 3 spectrum of an unknown compound and you are asked to identify it based off of the MS, IR, & NMR spectrum. All work must be shown with reasoning behind how the answer was found. The problem is in the attachment below.

Products

Give the structure of each product Jone's a. CH3CH2CH2CH2OH -----------> Reagent b. 2-butanone + HCN ------------>

In-phase and out-phase stretching modes

Acetylene has two C=H groups. It will have two C-H stretching frequencies, the in-phase and out-phase stretching modes. The in-phase (symmetric) stretch occurs at 3374/cm and the out of phase stretch at 3333/cm. Explain why the in phase vibration is located at a higher frequence than the out of phase stretch in the case of a

Identify the Hydrocarbon

A hydrocarbon A (C6H10) burned a yellow, almost nonsmoky flame. On catalytic hydrogenation over platinum catalyst it absorbed 1 mold of hydrogen to form Compound B. it also decolorized a Br2-CH2Cl2 solution to yield a dibromo derivative, C. Ozonolysis of the hydrocarbon gave only one compound, D. Compound D gave a positive i

Presence of Aldehyde Group

An excellent way to identify the presence of an aldehyde group is by 1H NMR. The chemical shift of the aldehydic proton occurs in the 9-10-ppm region, where few other proton signals occur. Why is this chemical shift so far downfield?

Stability of Benzylic Carbocation

A benzylic carbocation is generated under the conditions of part A. Would the presence of a para CH3O- group on the benzene ring increase or decrease the stability of the benzylic carbocation? Explain.

Alkyl HaLides Highest Ratio of Substitution

Which one of the following alkyl halides gives the highest ratio of substitution to elimination on treatment with sodium ethoxide in ethanol? a. 1-Bromopentane b. 2-Bromopentane c. 3-Bromopentane d. 1-Bromo-2-methylbutane e. 2-Bromo-2-methylbutane.

Molecular Formula of Glucose

The sugar glucose contains C, H, and O and has a mass of 180.0634 amu as determined by high-resolution mass spectrometry. Glucose contains an equal number of carbon and oxygen atoms. What is the molecular formula of glucose? (1H=1.00783 amu, 12C = 12.00000 amu, 16O = 15.99491 amu).

Reactivity of alkane hydrogens

Can you please help me with the following question: In the discussion on relative reactivity of alkane hydrogens towards radical chlorination, we showed that the relative rate of 2 degrees to 1 degree hydrogen atom abstraction is 3.5: 1 for butane. Calculate the relative amounts of 1-chloropropane and 2-chloropropane obtaine

What is the IUPAC name of the alkene shown below?

What is the IUPAC name of the alkene shown below? CH=CH2 l CH3CH2CHCHCH3 l CH2CH2CH3 a. 3-Ethyl-4-methyl-1-heptene b. 3-Ethyl-4-propyl-1-pentene c. 3-Ethyl-4-methyl-1-octene d. 3-Ethyl-2-propyl-4-pentene

Preparation of 3-chloro-1-iodobutane?

What combination is the best choice for the preparation of 3-chloro-1-iodobutane? a. 1-Iodobutane + chlorine (400 °C) b. 2-Chlorobutane + iodine (400 °C) c. 1,3-Dichlorobutane + sodium iodide (1 mole) in acetone d. 1,3-Diiodobutane + sodium chloride (1 mole) in acetone e. 3-Bromo-1-iodobutane + sodium chloride (1

Newman Projection

Experiments have shown that for 1,2-dichloroethane, ClCH2CH2Cl, in carbon tetrachloride solution at 25C, 70% of the molecules are in the anti and 30% are in the gauche conformation. Draw a Newman projection of the anti conformation of 1,2-dicyloroethane.

Plane of Symmetry: Example Question

Construct a model in which a tetrahedral (sp 3) carbon atom (black) has four different model atoms attached to it. Use the light blue ball, red, blue and, green polyhedrons to represent four different atoms or groups attached to the central atom (black). Does the model have a plane of symmetry?

Possible Trisubstituted Derivatives

How many possible trisubstituted derivatives C6H3X2Y can be obtained from the meta disubstituted benzene C6H4X2? (Ignore directive effects of the substituents X and assume that all positions on the ring are accessible to the reagent Y+). a. one b. two c. three d. four.

Identify all the functional groups present in lidocaine.

1.)a.) Identify all the functional groups present in lidocaine. b.) Identify and draw the structures of two simpler compounds, one of which should be a carboxylic acid, from which you could make lidocaine. What type of reaction would these two compounds undergo in order to form lidocaine? What is the other product of this re

Enol forms: Example problem

Hi, I am having an issue with this problem. I can think of 3 forms for this problem. Included in the attachment is the original form (not one of the 7) and the question. I am most confused about the E/Z isomers for this. I assume that some form of stereochem is used here, but I don't understand what. Question: There

Functional Groups Present

The drugs include: For Norethynodrel-- I included alcohol and ketone as the functional groups present in this drug. For Mifepristone -- I said alcohol, phenol, ether and amine. For Nonoxynol-9 -- I said amide (two amide groups?), and carboxylic acid

In converting C into CO??

Which atom, carbon or O2 is partially positive...or partially negative? also...if carbon atoms started out neutral but ended up partially charged...did they gain electrons...lose them...is the carbon being reduced or oxidized? thanks so much!

Carbon structure, bonds of carbon.

Describe in 75 words the structure of the carbon atom. What types of bonds does carbon form and why? Provide name and structure of two hydrocarbons and one biochemical molecules. In about 100 words carbon is said to be a uniques atom because it forms nearly limitless number of organic compounds. How is this possible.