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Developmental Psychology

Developmental psychology examines the growth of the individual through various stages in life and how different events and situations can shape human behavior. The main areas of developmental focus are psychological development, cognitive development, social and emotional development, and physical development.

While the study of physical development is not much more than seeing how the child grows and develops in terms of their physical appearance and functioning, it is still important due to evidence showing that toxins in the environment and the mother's choices can impact fetal development. For example, drinking alcohol while pregnant can result in fetal alcohol syndrome. Stages of psychological development are also important for understanding how the individual develops their identity and sense of self.

In terms of cognitive development, two famous theories are Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development and Vygotsky's Social Constructivist Approach. While Piaget's approach is more rooted in biology and the development of intelligence, Vygotsky's theory emphasizes the role of social interaction on development. It is also an important area in seeking to explain how memory, perception, reasoning, attention, problem solving, learning, language, and mental representations (like theory of mind, pretend play, and false beliefs) are formed over the lifespan.

Among social and emotional development, Erik Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development is a theory which states that people go through stages in their development, such as attachment and trust vs. mistrust, and if there is unresolved conflict in these stages, that person may develop attachment or trust issues. The emphasis is on the idea that a positive environment and supportive relationships will promote healthy growth for the child both socially and emotionally.

One major topic covered in developmental psychology is the nature versus nurture debate. While some people claim that nature, comprised of a person's genes and biological factors, impacts their development no matter what, others say that nurture, how a person is raised in their environment, is more influential on development. Research has shown evidence supporting both claims, and it is widely accepted that both nature and nurture interact to influence development.

Categories within Developmental Psychology

Nature/Nurture Debate

Postings: 26

The nature versus nurture debated involves the idea that either nature (a person's biological determinants) or nurture (the environment in which a person is raised) is more influential in development.

Attachment Theory

Postings: 14

Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans. It states that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver in order for normal emotional and social development to occur normally.

Ecological Systems Theory

Postings: 5

The ecological systems theory provides the framework to study the relationships between individuals and five environmental contexts in which they interact.

Psychosexual Development

Postings: 25

The process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of five stages.

Stages of Moral Development

Postings: 40

Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development theory holds that moral reasoning has six developmental stages, each more adequate at responding to moral dilemmas than the last.

Air Pollution Research

Can you help me brainstorm some references and ideas for this? Health Risks Posed by Air Pollution

Case of Genie Wiley

Watch the video on Genie Wiley. You may also find this interview with researcher Susan Curtiss about her experiences with Genie interesting. What ethical considerations do you think apply to the research conducted on Genie (consider the APA's ethical principles and standards when answering)? Compare and contrast these ethical

Experimental Design

Can you develop an experimental design for the following scenario? You work for a curriculum development company that has created a program designed to teach reading to students in grades 1-3. Include the following in your experiment design a) Develop a hypothesis, labeling the independent and dependent variables,

Planning a developmentally-appropriate treatment plan

Need some help with this: The impact of addiction is intense for any individual regardless of age. As psychology professionals have become more focused upon the growing elder adult population, it has become evident that even seniors are not exempt from the challenges of addictive behavior. Differentiate addiction across the

Substance abuse/PTSD assessment

I could use some help with this: As Chapter 6 begins, you are introduced to the case study of Pedro, which concludes at the end of the chapter. Evaluate the counselor's assessment, diagnosis, and treatment recommendations for Pedro as presented in your Reading, and then answer the following questions: •Do you agree with t

The process of task analysis

I need help with this please: Response should be at least 350 words 1. Describe the process of creating a task analysis and how these lists can be helpful in selecting an appropriate target behavior for a client. Create a task analysis list with a specific behavior in mind (e.g., hand washing, tooth brushing, shoe tying, skip

task analysis sample

Unit 9 Final Project Rubric Points Possible Content Provides a clear step by step breakdown of the behaviors that make up the selected task, including any antecedent stimuli or cues, materials needed, setting or environmental stimuli, etc. 20 Selects a specific step from the task analysis list, and describes the target out

Functional Behavior Assessment Articles

1. Take a look at the following article from the Kaplan Library where a functional behavioral assessment was conducted: Alter, P.J., Conroy, M.A., Mancil, G.R., & Haydon, T. (2008) A comparison of functional behavior assessment methodologies with young children: Descriptive methods and functional analysis. Journal of Behaviora

Paul and Elder

Describe an important problem faced by society today. Provide your own analysis of the problem in terms of each of the elements of thought as defined by Paul and Elder. In addition, explain the three intellectual standards and three intellectual virtues that you believe are the most important for resolving the issue.

Trauma in Children's Research

-What elements influence how much trauma will impact a child? -Give details on the prevalence of different types of trauma and if they differ among different cultures.

Masculine/Feminine Constructs

Do you think that masculinity and femininity are social constructs, or are they biologically/genetically determined? (In other words, do boys/men act masculine and girls act feminine because of what they are taught and because of the models they see, or do boys act like boys and girls act like girls because of their genetic/bi

Developmental Psychology for Determining Behavior

Read the case study on pages 364 to 366 titled "Case 7. Disparate Information for Evaluating Trainees." After reading the case study, consider the ethical dilemmas associated with the case, then choose two of the nine discussion questions to respond to in your post. Try to choose different discussion questions than your peers to

Psychologist Competence - Case Study + APA Ethics Code

Competence has many meanings in the Ethics Code. It can refer to being qualified to do the job based on knowledge, training, or degree, or it may refer to the scientific judgments as in sexual abuse or child custody cases. Competency in the Ethics Code also refers to personal issues, such as a professional's personal problems in

Special Education Challenges

A Day in the Life Paper. (100 points) This "first-person narrative" will entail a written presentation (fictional or actual) of the perspective of an individual having a disability (or that of a family member, teacher). See role-taking guidelines for further details.

Designing a Systemic Intervention

Using one of the major systemic theories that you are familiar with, and one of the techniques from the Gammer text, design a systemic intervention and describe it in this discussion post. Your intervention should be: Child-friendly and creative. Developmentally appropriate. Culturally appropriate. Carried

Connecting Systemic Theory and Interpersonal Neurobiology

Discuss the three-phase model that Gammer presents, and provide examples that would represent each phase. Explain how moving into the third phase connects with the current perspectives on attachment and brain development and the concepts of self-awareness and well-being.

Case Study - The Freed-Smith Family

Choose a systemic technique, including both Gammer's The Child's Voice in Family Therapy (dramatization, metaphor, systemic art, externalization) and Zeanah's Handbook of Infant Mental Health (circle of security, Lausanne Trilogue Play) and explain how you would apply it with this family. As a family counselor, discuss the re

Adolescent Schizophrenia: Diagnosis in Relation to a Family

Adolescent onset schizophrenia. Explain this diagnosis from a systemic perspective on the family. Include the following: • How might this problem in living have developed? • How is each member of the family involved in this problem in day-to-day living? • How does each family member play a role in constructing the

Practical Aspects of Assessment and Diagnosis

What kinds of issues might arise when you are engaged in systemic assessment and diagnosis? How would you describe the process by which a counselor arrives at a diagnosis? What is the range of influences that must be considered? All of these issues are intertwined in the concept of diagnosis. Reflect on the following list of

Attachment, Emotions, and Traumatic Experiences

Using the film Radio Flyer, as an example, respond to the following related to the child and the primary adult in the family: - Characterize the observed attachment style of the child. Discuss briefly how the interaction between the adult and the child in question has informed your choice—give examples. - Discuss the int

Attachment, Families, and the Developing Child

Describe the types of attachment styles, including the impact of each style on the development of a child within the context of the family system, given the types of interactions discussed your readings. Elaborate on how parenting styles, family dynamics, socioeconomic factors, and the developmental processes within the child co

The Brain, the Mind, and Your Practice

In Parenting From the Inside Out, Siegel and Hartzell propose that the brain and interpersonal relationships produce what we think of as mind. How might this position inform your work as a marriage and family counselor or therapist working with infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents and their families?

Mixed Methods Plan - Studying Schemas in Childhood Learning

Abbreviated Mixed Methods Research Plan Please Help Articulate challenges to using a mixed methods strategy of inquiry Formulate a plan for a mixed methods procedure Apply APA format and style to writing Mixed methods design, which design is the primary one? Why is that appropriate? Provide an int

Career Assessment

Three examples of when career assessment might be used in clinical practice and explain why career assessment might be useful in these settings. Then explain one way clinicians might integrate other tests within the process of career assessment.

Industrial and Organizational Testing

Consider the fairness of using group-based norms in the use of aptitude tests used for hiring practice in organizations. aptitude and career-interest assessment and the results used in hiring decisions. Form your argument for or against the use of group-based norms in the utilization of the results of aptitude tests in hir

Individual and child development in psychology

1. What are some of the most powerful dangers or risks to good development for individuals? Support your answer by citing a particular theory or set of theories. 2. If you want to improve the chances of good development for children today, what societal changes or cultural changes would you recommend?

Case study of Frank and Ellen Schaeffer

1. What are the risk factors and the protective factors when it comes to "successful aging" for Frank? For Ellen? 2. Reflect on how the current situation might impact Frank and Ellen's coping with the psychosocial crisis of Generativity vs. Stagnation, and entering the next stage of Integrity vs. Despair. Case Study: Frank

Child's Development in School

1. What do you see as the major problems Raul is exhibiting? (If you had to take a guess at a possible diagnosis, what would it be? Anything?) 2. Identify all the risk factors and identify all the protective factors affecting Raul's development. 3. What strengths or resources in Raul and his family would you emphasize as a

How You Fit into the Big 5 Theory of Development

Describe yourself in terms of Kegan's theory of self-development and the Big 5 Trait theory. What stage are you at, according to Kegan's theory? Give examples that illustrate why you are at that stage in Kegan's theory. How would you describe your personality, given the Big 5 Trait Theory? Give examples about your traits for eac