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Criminology, Law, Deviance and Punishment

Criminology, deviance and punishment are all multidisciplinary fields of society that are contributed to by sociologists.

Sociologists typically look at these fields through a positivist lens, using empirical data to highlight societal factors that influence criminology and deviance.

Different theories view deviance in extremely different ways. Some theorists see deviance as a necessary and normal part of society, allowing us to have an understanding of what our norms are by demonstrating ‘what not to do.’ Other theorists point to different factors that influence deviance. Some theories highlight social strain, frustration in attaining goals, socio-economic reasons and labelling as contributing to deviance.

There has been a trend in North America recently to begin identifying ‘root causes’ of crime in order to prevent this type of behavior in the future. The last decade has seen an influx in particular types of crime including gang violence, mass shootings and sexual assaults. Sociologists contribute hugely in identifying societal factors that predispose certain social groups to certain types of crime. This understanding is necessary if there is any hope in preventing both violent and nonviolent crime.

Punishment is another hot button topic in North America right now. What are the positive and negative consequences of America’s ‘tough on crime’ policies? Why does society no longer punish people for things that used to be punishable? What processes need to happen in order for something to become more or less worthy of punishment?

Categories within Criminology, Law, Deviance and Punishment

Theories of Social Behavior

How do role theory, learning theory and cognitive theory explain social behaviors? Please provide an example of a current social issue or every day situation to show how those theories relate to social behavior.

Change in Criminal Justice Organizations

According to theorists, one of the most important skills required in a leader is the ability to lead change in an organization. However, resistance to change is one of the most common group behaviors that are visible in almost all organizations. As a potential leader in the field of criminal justice, you must examine the psyc

Changes in laws, security, other since 9/11

Created a list of the most important counterterrorism changes made after 9/11/2001, in the U.S. Explained the impact of the changes in the counter-terrorism measures on public life, rights, and freedom in the U.S. Described changes in the following areas since 9/11 2001in the U.S. with regard to the four principles of U.S.

Comparing Job Descriptions

After you create a new education program for inmates without a high-school diploma, it is time to consider staff-related tasks. Staff-related tasks may include issues such as job descriptions, required skills, and training. Consider the following job descriptions of the staff members: Job Description 1 Assist individuals i

Combating terrorism; research on nation strategy

Counterterrorism research Countries use the following tactics to combat terrorism: Legalistic Policies Political Pressures War Violent Suppression Violent and Non-violent Covert Operations Surgical Strikes Intelligence Gathering Target Hardening Economic Pressures Which two categories of

Leadership styles autocratic vs participative

Identify two well-known leaders who used different styles of leadership. Specifically, identify one leader who leaned more towards the autocratic decision-making process and another leader who leaned more towards participative leadership. You can use examples from any field, as long as both leaders are from the same general fiel

Inmate management, education and death notices

Imagine that a new education program was created to service inmates who do not hold a high school diploma. The inmate population is approximately 1500 on any given day, and only 10 percent are serving life sentences. The majority of inmates will be released within 3 years, and the average age of the inmate population is 19. S

Creating a Behavioral Change Plan

Created the Setting Goals and Objectives presentation in a power point including: The goal statement specifying the desired outcome(s) to be obtained by the Fictionland Police Department? The specific objectives for goal(s) established for the Fictionland Police Department. Make sure that each objective covers the four main co

Inmate training programs

Consider the following scenario: Smitty Correctional Facility (SCF) is thinking of creating a job training program for its clients—prison inmates. SCF has established a goal statement that reads as follows: "SCF is committed to equipping inmates to lead healthy, pro-social lives upon reentry into the general populatio

Objective Statements and Drug Dependency Program

Consider this scenario. create a new drug treatment program. The goal of this drug treatment program is to serve clients' needs and to educate clients about the harm that drugs cause. The goal of this drug treatment program is to assist our clients in reducing drug dependency and eventually ending it toward living drug-free l

Individuals That Commit Government and Business Related Crimes

While different in nature, government and business related crimes both have impacts on society. Define a government related crime and a business related crime. Evaluate the impacts that both types of crime have on a society. Compare and contrast the characteristics of individuals that commit government related crimes with indivi

Understanding victims

Victims can be found throughout all segments of any society. Understanding victims often requires categorizing them by common characteristics (e.g., location, social patterns, etc.). Select three different characteristics by which victims may be categorized. Define the unique characteristics that make a victim a member of each g

neoclassical criminology theories

Three neoclassical criminology theories: (1) rational choice; (2) deterrence; and (3) routine activities. Briefly explain the premise of each of these neoclassical theories. Evaluate each of these neoclassical perspectives on deviant behavior, and identify the theory that comes closest to describing an individual's decision to p

Classical and Neoclassical Criminological Theories

Classical criminological theories suggest that an individual's decision to participate in deviant behavior is based upon free thought and a consideration of the pleasure of the act versus the pain of punishment if caught. While similar in several ways, neoclassical criminological theories expand upon the classical viewpoint.

Issues in Working with Children, Adolescents, and their Families

Discuss the issues to be considered in working with children, adolescents, and their families. Discuss competence, consent, confidentiality, reporting, competing interests, and documentation. Make sure to list all practical considerations in any type of work with these populations.

Issues that impact youth in school

Choose a current issue that impacts the youth in schools. Discuss the aetiology of this issue along with prevention strategies that address each component of this particular risk factor.

Compare and contrast Packer's models of the criminal justice system with Feeley's models of the criminal justice system approach. What are the details of each type of their systems? How does each one work towards the common goal of combining all components of criminal justice into a working system for the public?

Compare and contrast Packer's models of the criminal justice system with Feeley's models of the criminal justice system approach. What are the details of each type of their systems? How does each one work towards the common goal of combining all components of criminal justice into a working system for the public?

Adolescent Delinquency: Major Problem

1) Describe adolescents delinquencya major problem often experienced by adolescents. 2) What are its likely causes of adolescents delinquency? 3) How is the problem typically treated? 4) Identify alternative treatments that could be more effective.

Sociopsychological perspective versus human ecology perspestive

How come the human ecology perspective would not offer a better solution to the Fabian story and also under what circumstance would the human ecology work as a better solution for the Fabian' story? Read Fabian's story Fabian, age 42, lived in a modest home on Main Street in Butterbrickle, a small Midwestern village at t

Social Change: Crime Is the End Result

What does this statement mean? "Remember, crime is the end result of a series of problems. When organizing for social change, it is crucial that we pinpoint the problem to ensure maximum impact."

Routine Activities and Biosocial perspectives

As we move into the final chapters of our text, we are presented with the most contemporary views on crime and criminality. Of these views, much attention has been paid to the Routine Activities and Biosocial perspectives. Interestingly enough, they both contain elements of Classical thought and have even been referred to as a p

Routine Activities Theory

As a researcher, have you found that there is more or less support for the Routine Activities Theory (RAT)? What side of this debate do you take?

The Practice of Racial Profiling

The practice of racial profiling (and its effects) See this article prepared for the ACLU which reports on stop and arrest data collected from the L.A.P.D during 2003 - 2004: A Study of Racially Disparate Outcomes in the LAPD. The authors found that minorities are stopped, frisked, and arrested at higher rates than their whit

Chemical castration

Team Report #1 Sterilization (Chemical castration) Textbook: Lilly, J. R., Cullen, F. T. & Ball, R. A. (2011). Criminological theory: Context and consequences (5th Ed.). Washington D.C: Sage Publications [ISBN:978-1-4129-8145-3] In Chapter 2 of Criminological theory: Context and consequences, the authors reviewed the his

Merton's Concept of Anomie

Messner & Rosenfeld renewed academia's interest in Merton's concept of anomie with their publication of Crime and the American Dream. Are there views of American institutions more or less relevant today? In what way?

Choice Theory and Deterrence theory

Compare and contrast the Choice Theory and the Deterrence Theory. Describe how rational thought affects the choices that individuals make before they commit a crime. Do you feel that one theory is more accurate than the other? Explain

Survey research - College students' assessment of personal safety

Create a survey that consists of 15 to 20 questions (both closed and open ended) to assess the following: College students' assessment of personal safety both on and off campus You can use filter, contingency, and matrix questions if you would like. Describe how you would administer this questionnaire, why you chose

Workplace Isolation

Any input on this question would be greatly appreciated. What is meant by "workplace isolation"? Do you think this affects the mental health of workers? Why or why not?