Share
Explore BrainMass

Juvenile Delinquency

There are two categories of sociological theories of juvenile delinquency. These are social strain and cultural transmission theories.

 

Social strain theories argue that non conforming behaviour arises out of circumstances where individuals and groups experience confusion and disruption.(1) These include Durkheim and Merton’s concept of ‘anomie’ where contradiction in norms fosters delinquency. (1)

 

Cohen’s Delinquent Boys theory says that large amounts of delinquent behaviour results from blocked goals and status frustration.(!)

 

Agnew’s General Strain Theorists believe that strain is more than disjunction between goals and means and that crime and delinquency is an adaption to stress . This does not necessarily mean reacting in delinquency but that is one form of dealing with strain.(1)

 

Critics of social strain theories argue that those of lower socioeconomic classes do not necessarily have the same aspirations as higher class households. Strain theories also do not explain why boys commit more crime than girls.(1) If it is just structural frustration that causes delinquency, why is it uneven?

 

Cultural transmission theories argue that there is contradictory and competitive content of different social groups and that conflict arises from these groups having contact with each other. Theories include Sellin’s Theory of Culture Conflict, Shaw and McKay’s High Delinquency Areas Theory, Cultural Efficacy Theory and Miller’s Focus on Lower-Class Culture. (1)

 

Miller’s Focus on Lower-Class Culture argues that lower class delinquents are not responding to anomie but rather they they have their own different body of values and norms. These norms are the origins of aggression and antisocial conduct.(1)

 

Cultural Efficacy Theorists believe that areas of cities develop collective efficacy. This is a group’s shared belief in its ability to successfully complete tasks and sense of social cohesion. This leads to informal social control and if this control is high, people will more than likely band together and stop delinquent activities and build support networks.(1)


http://www.pearsonhighered.com/assets/hip/us/hip_us_pearsonhighered/samplechapter/0205934889.pdf (1)

Criminology Theories and Social Disorganization

Explained why social disorganization and social control theories are considered positivist and how they differ from classical theories. Explained whether or not you agree with Shaw and McKay's assessment. Identified the five environmental stressors that impact crime in community and its inhabitants most. Explained how peop

The US Weed and Seed Program

The Weed and Seed program is a Federal grant initiative that seeks to revitalize cities around the country. This competitive grant program combines law enforcement strategies with community development and has been used in hundreds of cities around the country. Weed and Seed is a U.S. Department of Justice initiative that be

Policies, environment, genetics in criminal justice

Cesare Becarria states that crime is a choice made by offenders, while biosocial theorists contend that it is the product of one's environment and genetics in combination. Which of these two positions on crime appeal to you more? Why? Have your views about an individual's ability to make a free choice to commit crime changed an

Chechen terrorist groups

Choose a terrorist group, besides Al Qaeda. The group you choose should have a well-defined profile and a defined strategic position. Create a report for the commission. Include the following about the terrorist group you choose. - The terrorist group's profile, including its goals and objectives - The terrorist group's

Al Qaeda

Are the suicide bombers, or the casualties in the bombing, or the government in whose governance the bombing takes place, the victims in suicide bombings? What are the effects of suicide bombings on the victim societies? Are the religious rationales used to justify suicide bombing valid? Why/why not? The religious groups lik

Terrorism: A Focus on Al-Qaeda

Research the terrorist activities that have occurred in the U.S. in the last five years and analyze which terrorist group is most likely to cause security problems in the U.S. and why? Support your answer with a profile of your selected terrorist group. In the profile, include relevant data about the number of incidents claimed

Juvenile justice theories

Use examples from real life, experiences, research, and other supporting data, answer the following questions: Which theory or theories of juvenile delinquency best explain the current and emerging trends in juvenile justice? Why? Should juveniles be treated as adults by the police, courts, or correctional systems? Why or wh

Female Juvenile Delinquent Behavior

Brenda Rodriguez came to the United States with her family from El Salvador when she was 14 years old. Upon moving to the United States, both her parents took two jobs each to keep the family afloat financially. This meant that Brenda was left unsupervised for extended periods of time. Brenda struggled in school since her gra

Juvenile, delinquency, treatment, plans, programs

How do you feel about juvenile delinquency and juvenile treatment plans? What are your perspectives on theoretical approaches to juvenile delinquency with your peers? How different do you think these perspectives are and why? Also, why do these different perspectives influence juvenile treatment programs? Do you support juve

Underlying Causes For Gang Involvement Amongst Juveniles

Read the case study and answer the following questions: Ronnie Cabernelli was a lonely young boy. His father had left his mother before Ronnie was born. His mother had spent all her life being an alcoholic, neglecting and abandoning Ronnie when he was 5 years old. Since then, Ronnie had been looked after by his uncle, who loved

Impact of Legislation and the Supreme Court on Juvenile Justice

Use examples from real-life, experiences, research, and other supporting data to answer the following questions: How has your perspective about the different types of early juvenile institutions changed during these years? How have your impressions of the core components of the early juvenile institutions changed since the

Juvenile Justice System and Reforms

Include an analysis of the historical trends in juvenile crimes and explore why the juvenile crime rate has increased/decreased year after year since 1980. Describe the trend in juvenile delinquency and analyze the impact of the work being done by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Analyze the im

Juvenile Justice and Teen Court

You were asked by the government to assess the juvenile delinquency program in a community in order to reform the existing program and perhaps add a few new ones. The government wants to increase reliance on alternative to incarceration programs, but needs to know if the current program is working. The government is thinking abo

Risk Factors Faced by the Youth of Today

Create a paper discussing the major risk factors faced by the youth of today. Discuss the current influential factors and how they can be addressed by the various participating systems.

Challenges in Contemporary Child/Youth Culture

I need help with selecting a film depicting contemporary child or adolescent culture. Some films of interest are: "Thirteen" "Trainspotting" "The Basketball Diaries" "Juno" "Ramona and Beezus" "My Girl" Based on the film, explain three challenges children or adolescents faced while attempting to adhere to and/or cope

Counselling students who are violent

Although student school shootings of students have recently gained significant national attention, more routine forms of student violence (e.g., homicide, rape, aggravated assault, etc.) continue to plague our nation. What are some of the high risks factors to consider when assessing potential violent behavior in students? Are t