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Economic Development

Economic development focuses on how to improve the economies of developing countries. It measures the quantitative and qualitative changes in an economy. Economic development incorporates both private and public sectors because governments try to promote growth in private sectors and their investments. As a subject, economic development encompasses business, public administration, and sociology, along with economics.

Development economists see the improvement of healthcare, education, domestic and international policies, and market conditions as ways to create economic growth in poor countries. This branch of economics looks at microeconomic and macroeconomic factors when assessing the structure of the developing country and how its economy can create international and domestic growth. It strives to improve quality of life through economic processes.

A goal of development economists is to create a larger range of economic decisions and social choices for individuals and nations. By improving the economic conditions of a country, individuals have more freedom in their economic choices and are able to receive more life-sustaining goods like protection and food. Economic development is different from economic growth because economic growth is the increase of a measure of an economy, such as gross domestic product. Economic development encompasses the improvements of welfare, such as education and the environment. The main difference is that economic development looks at the progress of economic welfare overall, whereas economic growth only looks at particular variables. Economic growth is therefore a branch of economic development.

Gross domestic product (GDP), gross national product (GNP), and purchasing power parity (PPP) are some measures of economic development. There are some inconsistencies in these types of measurement because negative externalities of economic growth are not accounted for, such as environmental factors. Social indices, which as easily measured features of a country, are used to measure economic development. These types of social indices include life expectancy, infant mortality, and fertility rate.

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Categories within Economic Development

Barriers to Growth

Solutions: 129

Barriers to growth are the conditions or systems that stop a country from strengthening and growing its economy.

Economic Growth

Solutions: 477

Economic growth is an economy's increase in the production of goods and services, as well as the increase in technological changes and advancements.


Solutions: 312

Employment is when an individual, the employee, works for wage for an employer.

Foreign Relations

Solutions: 11

Foreign relations are the relationships between the representations of foreign states or groups and one’s own state.

Supply and Demand

Solutions: 685

Supply and demand reflects how price is determined in a market. Supply shows how much a market can offer and demand shows the quantity of a good or service that are desired by consumers.


Solutions: 181

Technology is involved in the development of an economy because it can control how and how much of a good is produced.

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Electric Generating Plants of the Tennessee Valley

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United States Negotiated Agreement

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Privatizing services for public interest

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RD&E Cycle

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Calculating the GDP, NDP, GNP, NI etc from a data set

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