Oceanography studies the world's oceans. It covers a range of topics including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics. These topics are studied in other academic disciplines including biology, chemistry, geology, meteorology and physics. Often disciplines in oceanography are studied together. The study of oceanography is also linked to understanding global climate changes, the potential of global warming and related biosphere concerns.
Biological oceanography looks at the ecology of marine organisms in the context of physical, chemical and geological characteristics of the ocean environment. This aspect of oceanography is related to marine biology. Chemical oceanography is the study of the chemistry of the ocean and its chemical interactions with the atmosphere. Geological oceanography is the study of the geology of the ocean floor. This study includes plate tectonics and paleoceanography. Additionally, physical oceanography looks at the ocean’s physical attributes including temperature salinity structures, mixing, waves, internal waves, surface tides, internal tides and currents.
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