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Canadian Politics

The study of Canadian politics has two related parts. The first involves understanding and analyzing the Canadian democratic system, it’s government structure and powers, and it’s political parties and political actors. The second looks at some fundamental societal (non-governmental) forces that affect the Canadian political environment; the most important of these being regionalism, Quebec nationalism, aboriginal politics, social class, gender, and multiculturalism. Canada’s relationship with the United States, as well as the rest of the world, plays an important role in defining a Canadian political identity as well. The study of Canadian politics also looks at issues such as media, public opinion, and voter turnout.

Canada is a federation with three branches of central government: the executive branch (which includes the Prime Minister and the Cabinet), the legislative branch (which includes an upper house known as the Senate and a lower house known as the House of Commons), and the judicial branch (which is Canada’s independent Court system). Judges and Senators are appointed. The House of Commons is composed of 308 elected Members of Parliament (MP).

Members from each political party in each riding are responsible for nominating a member to stand as their party’s candidate in an election. The candidate from the political party that wins the most votes in the election in their riding will become the MP for that riding. Political party members also nominate their party’s leader, and the leader from the party that wins the most seats in the general election is typically appointed by the governor general to assume to the role of Prime Minister. The governor general, on the advice of the Prime Minister, then appoints the Cabinet Members. Almost all bills proposed by the Cabinet are enacted, compared to a relatively small number of bills originating from individual MPS, giving the Cabinet significant control over the legislative agenda of the House of Commons.

Canada currently has a multi-party system with the Conservatives, the Liberals, the NDP and the Green Party (and a handful of smaller, special interest parties). A Conservative government has been in power since 2006, Canada’s current Prime Minister is the Right Honourable Stephen Harper, and Canada’s current Cabinet is referred to as the Harper Cabinet, which is part of the 28th Ministry. 

 

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Categories within Canadian Politics

Canadian Political Parties

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Canada has a multi-party system with the Conservatives, the Liberal, the NDP and the Green Party. Political parties and their members play an important role as gate keepers to seeking office in Canadian politics.

Elections and Voting in Canada

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Party identification and the state of the economy are the two most important elements for vote choice in Canada. Party identification in Canada is rooted in childhood socialization and becomes more fixed in adulthood. Party identification is affected by issues such as regionalism, Quebec nationalism, multiculturalism, social class and gender.

Federalism

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Canadian federalism plays an important role in mediated conflict between the different regions in Canada, and is especially significant in the study of Quebec nationalism since the Quiet Revolution.

Critical Review: Canadian Senate Reform Issues

Provided in full below the actual academic problem: Critically review one proposal for Senate reform (e.g. Triple-E, abolition, etc). Would Senate reform have the desired effect or are there consequences which would outweigh the benefits? Why or why not? Cite relevant examples. reference at least five (5) academic sources

A Discussion On Crown Corporations

1) What are Canada's crown corporations, and what do they do? 2) How well do Canada's crown corporations do their job? 3) What are the governance issues surrounding their operations?