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Ancient History

Ancient History is the study of time between the beginning of recorded history to the Early Middle Ages (34th century BCE to 4th century CE). It is the consensus among historians that the oldest discovered articulate system of writing, Cuneiform Script, marks the beginning of recorded history.

It should be noted that different parts of the world adopted the practices of writing and recording history at completely different points in time. Because of this, the lines between prehistory and ancient history are blurred depending on the region in question.
Some famous civilizations from ancient history whose legacies we still see today are Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley Civilizations, ancient Egypt, ancient China, ancient Rome and ancient Greece. These civilizations varied significantly in time, culture, politics and religion but all managed to leave their own marks on our world.

Most ancient civilizations’ cultures and worldviews were dominated by their geographies. Some civilizations were forced to lead isolationist existences because of where they were physically situated. Others relied on their rivers for irrigation and agriculture. The physical situation of ancient Greece called for the adoption of convenient city states. There were even very early civilizations such as Mesopotamia that were able to practice trade with other civilizations.

Modern civilizations owe a huge debt to the empires, civilizations, kingdoms and dynasties that rose, fell and survived through ancient history. If you have ever written, read a history book, done taxes or eaten something from a different country you have experienced the influence of ancient history.

Categories within Ancient History

The Growth of African Civilization

The growth of African civilization was tied closely with slave trade. In ancient times, occupation specialization became important. African slave trade had three features. They were the following: 1. Occupational specialization; mining and trade 2. The growth of slavery within Africa 3. The expansion of the slave

Creation Myths from Different Cultures

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper about two creation myths from the attached readings that address the following. Pick at least two creation myths from two different cultures. For ideas, refer to this week's readings. These should be specific stories such as "Out of the Blue" or "Genesis" from Myth and Knowing, or any of the

Ancient world on Later Societies

Reflect on how the ancient world(Mesopotamia,Greece, and Rome) contributed significant ideas about government, law, religion, and the role of the individual to later societies. Choose five important characteristics from these cultures Use illustrations, such as figures, graphs, maps, or images, to support your essay.

Compare and contrast of early Greek and Roman cultures.

I have to use Microsoft Word table or chart, compare and contrast distinguishing elements or features of early Greek and Roman cultures, including illustrative or significant examples of the various features. Please include elements of culture such as government and geographical terrain, economics and trade practices, art and

Spartan propaganda is summarized.

Topic: One could argue that much of the image of Sparta to the outside world was carefully cultivated propaganda . Explain how and why the Spartans generated this mythology about themselves.

Approximate Dating for the Life of Jesus

Explain how we have approximated the dates of Jesus' birth and death as well as the length of his ministry. List primary and secondary sources describing his life. Which of these sources is the most important? How important is accurate historical information in providing a foundation for accepting and believing the gospel messag

The Division of the Christian Church

From the dawn of the Christian Church there existed disagreements in theology, ritual, and doctrine. Trace the divisions and reform attempts that pervade the history of the church from 300- 1560 CE (AD.) Why was the history of the Church so divisive? Use at least 2 different primary of your choice to illustrate your stance.

Disintegration of the Roman Empire

With the disintegration of the Roman Empire, the bonds between the West and East began to disintegrate. Why did conflict as opposed to cooperation prevail between the three stepchildren of Rome and between the new powers of Europe? What role did the diverse forms of governmental play in the political and economic interaction thr

Chaucer's Middle Ages England

Fictional accounts of a period, even oneâ??s dripping with satire, help us to better understand the culture of the time. Read â??The Knightâ??s Tale,â? â??The Millerâ??s Tale,â? and â??The Tale of the Wife of Bath,â? in Chaucerâ??s Canterbury Tales. Using Canterbury Tales (as your main source of knowledge

What was the ancient Israelite view on life after death?

Topic: The Ancient Israelite view on life after death. Please add the references you use. As in many cases where ancient history and especially ancient religious history is concerned, there is disagreement among scholars as to how to interpret events. The view of ancient Israelites regarding life after death is no excepti

Greece: Heart of Western Civilization?

Greece has been referred to as the heart of Western Civilization, implying that all Western society stems from the accomplishments of a handful of city states in the Mediterranean. Do you agree with this? Why or why not? Be sure to offer evidence as to the accomplishments or shortcomings of the Greeks in your answer.

Ancient History Questions on Religion

The development of Monotheism in the ancient world took many forms. What were the various experiments in Monotheism? Were these movements related and what impact might they have had on the development of later religions?

I need any kind of help you can give me

Imagine you are a Citizen of Athens and have been asked to address the Athenian council (assembly) on either the growing importance of Alexandria(Egypt) OR the role of Platoâ??s â??Academyâ? in the Hellenistic World. Write a speech that you might give to complete this request. You are free to take any stance you ch

Discuss the decline of the empire and the last Caesars, what were some of the factors that weakened that empire? Please explain. Do you see any of those things happening in your own nation today? Do you think that might be significant?

Discuss the decline of the empire and the last Caesars, what were some of the factors that weakened that empire? Please explain. Do you see any of those things happening in your own nation today? Do you think that might be significant? Of course whole books have been written on this subject so a one page paper, of necessi


How does the Iliad reveal the powers of the king, the noblemen, and the common soldiers in government during the Greek Middle Ages?

The Middle Age ended with the fall of great Roman Empire. The invasions of the barbarians had destroyed many art works of the Empire. It was a period of hardship to common people. Lethal weapons were used during this period. Crusades, frequent invasions, and break up of bubonic plague made the period even darker. It had also witnessed the rise of feudalism and prominence of the Roman Catholic Church. Knowledge was concentrated only in the monasteries and the common man was excluded.

One of the reasons why historians called the middle ages, the dark age because it ended the great Roman Civilization. During that period the barbarians such as Huns, Goths, and vandals had destroyed the Roman Empire. They had destroyed many of the beautiful artworks and buildings of the Roman Empire. Middle Ages was also a

Early Middle Ages

Write a one-page paper and give details about the importance of Charlemagne to the Middle Ages.

Roman Civilization

What were at least 3 important factors that contributed to the end of the Roman Republic? What did the Republic's government structure contribute to later nations? What were the benefits of the Republican form of government?

Athens vs. Sparta

Discuss the differences between the polis of Athens and Sparta. Which do you think was more effective? What were the weaknesses of both?

Athens and Sparta were the two leading powers in the Ancient Greece. Most of the ancient Greek city states were allied with either Athens or Sparta. The Persian wars and the formation of Delian League transformed Athens into a powerful nation. Spartans feared that Athens who headed the League would challenge the Spartan leadership in the Greek world. The imperialistic attitude of the Athens led to the Peloponnesian war. Economic reasons for the war were the trade relations of Athens with other Greek city states. Athens wanted to monopolize the trade. The final example of trade war can be seen in the Megarrian decree. The nature of the Athenian and Spartan society were considered as one reason for war. Philip II, the father of Alexander, the great came to the throne of Macedonia at a difficult time. He faced the internal and external threats by following the policy of diplomacy. Philip II strengthened the Macedonian army by reorganizing it. Philip II strengthened himself my making series of marriage alliances. He followed a policy of divide and rule. He threatened Persian Empire with an invasion but in the meantime, he was assassinated. The death of Philip II caused many insurrections in northern and southern Greece. Alexander crushed those insurrections hoping that it would not be repeated. Soon another major revolt broke out and spread to all parts of Greece. Alexander crushed and burned Thebes. After crushing the opposition in Greece, Alexander set out to conquer the whole of Asia. Major battles of Alexander, the great were the battles of Granicus, Gordium, and Issus. Other victories were the conquests of Tyre and Gaza, Egypt, Gaugamela, and India. Alexander built the city of Alexandria on the bank of the city of river Nile. It later became a major economic and cultural center. It helped spread Greek culture to the east. Alexander tried to create a fusion of Greek and Persian culture by imitating some aspects of Persian culture. After the death of Alexander in 323 BC, the empire was divided into four kingdoms and the successor kings refused to follow the foot steps of Alexander. They had placed Greeks in positions of power in their respective regions and it helped the spread of Greek culture. At the same time, they allowed natives to follow their culture and religion. The Greek literature spread in Persian regions as a consequence of the spread of Greek language. The library at Alexandria became a center of learning and literature. Greek influence was also seen in coinage too. In the same way, Greek culture influenced the Middle East and the ideas of the east spread to the west. When Alexander broke the political barrier, the trade also flourished. The common culture Alexander created led to the development of western civilization and spread of Christianity.

The dream of forming a Pan-Hellenic Empire by Athens was shattered by the rivalry of Athens and Sparta. Athens and Sparta were the two leading powers in the Ancient Greece. Most of the ancient Greek city states were allied with either Athens or Sparta. The end result of suspicion and rivalry between the two super powers led to