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Evaluation, Measurement and Research Methods

Healthcare Research refers to empirical investigations which will help improve the health of people within the population. For example, those concerned with public or population health may refer to Health Status Reports, which provide an overview of the health of the population under study. These Health Reports are used for planning and monitoring within the community. However, in order to generate these Health Reports, research must first be conducted by measuring specific values of health and then analyzing and evaluating them. 

For example, we can compare two mortality rates between two different countries. We can measure deaths by collecting and counting death certificates. Country 1 had 126 deaths within a population of 1600, while Country 2 had 90 deaths in the same number of people. This gives the mortality rate to be 78.5 deaths/1000 people in Country 1, and 56.25 deaths/1000 people in Country 2. At first glance it may seem that Country 1 is a riskier place to live; however this cannot be confirmed without doing the statistical analyses, as it does not account for confounding factors, such as age.

If Country 1 had much older people, then it would make sense that the mortality rate is higher, although it still does not reflect the risk. If this were the case, then we can use the research method of direct standardization to compare the two populations by adjusting for age specific rates. Once adjusted to reflect the risk, depending on how much older the population in Country 1 is, it may in fact be a safer place than country 2.

Thus, it can be seen that research measurements as well as analysis are extremely important for the generation of health reports, which attempts to provide an overview of the health of the population.

Categories within Evaluation, Measurement and Research Methods

Qualitative Research Methods

Postings: 21

Qualitative research refers to research in the social sciences which attempts to increase our understanding of why things are the way they are and why people act the way that they do.

Quantitative Research Methods

Postings: 16

Quantitative research refers to research, primarily in the natural sciences, that is concerned with observing and measuring in an objective manner.

Professional Capstone and Practicum

A) Based on how you will evaluate your EBP project, which independent and dependent variables do you need to collect? What basic statistical analysis might be run to determine statistical significance? B) Not all EBP projects result in statistically significant results. Explain what clinical significance is, the difference be

Assessment of Evidence Based Practice

Read the section Questionnaires versus Interviews on pages 305-306 in the textbook. How are these guidelines similar and different from data collected by nurses when giving care? What principles did you identify that are new to you but could be important in improving your collection of clinical data? You are interested in nur

Nursing Research: Qualitative or Quanitative

Discuss sources of bias for both quantitative and qualitative research. For quantitative research, be sure to address both random and systematic bias. You may use examples from the articles you selected as illustrations of bias and/or preventing bias. Researchers often identify the research problem and then go in search of a th

environmental sources of exposure

1 What are some examples of environmental sources of exposure of populations to toxic heavy metals? What factors can exacerbate the effects of toxic exposures on populations with low socioeconomic status? 50 words 2 What types of injury of public health concern are associated with exposure to each of the different forms of radi

Quality Measures

Must be in APA writing style with citation. 1)visit this website "Hospital compare: Learn about hospital compare measures *this shows "about hospital compare data" the information on Process of care measures, outcome of care measure, outpatient imaging e

Clinical Nurse Leader Role

Research on clinical nurse leader roles: A proposed solution. Describe the ways clinical nurse leader roles is consistent with current research knowledge. Discuss the feasibility of implementing clinical nurse leader roles. Identify appropriate goals, objectives, and expected outcomes for the clinical nurse leader roles.

Views: The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer

The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer EMPORER OF MALADIES 55. Who was Sidney Farber? 56. Why is there very little evidence of the existence of cancer during ancient time periods (2000 BC - 400 AD)? 57. Elaborate on the quote- "Radical surgery thus drew the blinds of circular logic around itself for nearl

Insight into Emperor of all Maladies: A Biography of Cancer

The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer EMPORER OF MALADIES STUDY QUESTIONS 1. Briefly discuss the relationship between John Bennett and Rudolf Virchow's research on a certain type of cancer in the middle 1800's. 2. How did Virchow's research findings carry over into today's oncology language and concepts? G

Change Curve Model

Change Curve Model is a change model that outlines the basic assumptions in an organization as it undergoes changes. It lays out the stages that an organization goes through and identify the risks involved or areas that can potentially fail the change implementation. The model has five stages namely: Stagnation, preparation, imp

Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Program

Based on the identified Issue or problem: Teenage Pregnancy Prevention Program Identify two Evidence Based Practice model eg. STAR, Stetler, Iowa, Wagner's chronic care model (currently implementing at my organization) Explain use of each selected model to direct your research utilization project. Teenage Pregnancy Prevention

Evidence Based Practice in Application

I need to assistance in just getting started on a few questions...topic is teenage pregnancy prevention program Describe the concepts of certainty and levels of evidence. How will you use these concepts as you search for literature? Describe 2 of these concepts: Relative risk, odds ratio, or confidence levels. Describe ho

Informed Consent and Placebo Effects on Treatment

Discuss your thoughts about the ethics of using informed consent vs. blinding the subjects to the expected outcomes of the intervention. Should they be told? How much should they be told? How would the placebo effect be impacted if subjects are told which intervention is being applied to them?

T-test statistics

What are the indicators for using a t-test? Create a research scenario in which it would be correct to use a t-test, including the research question, sample size, and dependent and independent variables.

Using Data Analysis to Identify a Personality

The normal distribution is concerned one of the most important as well as the most widely used of the theoretical distributions that is used, in continuous to random variables; normal distributions are also known as being referred to as a bell curve. There are a lot of normal distributions, and one may distinguish the difference

Assessing the Validity of Research

Discuss the concept of internal validity in a research study, and the impacts of several errors or biases that can reduce the study's validity.

Malpractice by doctors in hospitals

Consider the question: "Why do physicians and nurses kill more people than airline pilots?" Apply your critical thinking skills to this argument and critique the statement. First, do you think it is true? If it is, what do you think about their rationale? How would you address it if the question were posed to you in a forum?

Change based on research in the healthcare industry

Why do you think many healthcare practitioners are often unwilling to change practice patterns based on research findings? Some practitioners criticize evidence-based practice as "cookbook care." Considering these perceptions, how would you utilize your education and experiences in planning the implementation of a major change?

discuss the importance of clinical taxonomies

A. Why is a nursing taxonomy important? Do an Internet search to support your discussion along with your experience in the industry. B. What is the advantage of having a unified language for nursing within the larger concept of a unified language system for the healthcare community? C. What further research and developments

Developping a PICOT Statement for Nurses' Knowledge of Ulcer Prevention

For the topic: Assessment of Nurses' Knowledge and Management of Pressure Ulcer Prevention in An Adult Skilled Nursing Patient 1. What could be your PICOT question/statement? How could you frame it into a more researchable topic? P - I - C - O - T - 2. Based on the above, what will be the impact of the problem, and

Dissemination Plan

I need some help in discussing the rationale for a dissemination plan for a research or evidence-based project.

Research databases

What are two techniques that you can apply to narrow or broaden a search within a database. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each. Which approach would improve the effectiveness searches? I know there are limiters such as peer reviewed, publication dates, age etc