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Indicators for Using Regression Analysis Compared to ANOVA

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What are the indicators for using a regression analysis? Create a research scenario in which it would be correct to use a regression analysis, including the research question, and dependent and independent variables.

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ANOVA compares the difference in means between multiple groups.
Dependent variable: Must be interval or ratio
Independent variable: Categorical (this is what gives us groups to compare)

Example: Does BMI score differ between youth from low-, middle-, and high-income households?
Dependent variable: BMI score
Independent variable: Level of household income

Regression, on the other hand, does not compare groups and is not trying to determine if group A is different from group B. Instead, regression looks at the participants all together as one group, examining how the their characteristics predict the dependent variable. For example, if a participant is female and older, they are more likely to have a higher BMI than a younger male. In this case, the regression analysis is looking at ...

Solution Summary

This answer describes the differences between regression and ANOVA, with examples, and discusses the basic features of regression.