Geological engineering is the application of the geologic sciences to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized an adequately provided for. Engineering geologists investigate and provide geologic and geotechnical recommendations, analysis and design associated with human development.
Geological engineering studies may be performed during the planning, environmental impact analysis, civil or structural engineering design, value engineering and construction phases of public and private works problems and during port-construction and forensic phases of projects. Work completed by engineering geologists include, geologic hazards, geotechnical, material properties, landslides and slope stability, erosions, flooding, dewatering and seismic investigations.
The most important role of engineering geologists is the interpretation of landforms and earth processes to identify potential geologic and related man-made hazards that may impact civil structures and human development. All engineering geologists are initially train and educated in geology during their undergraduate education. This allows engineering geologists to understand how the earth works which is crucial in mitigating for earth related hazards.