Human Biology

Human Biology is the study of both the natural and social sciences pertaining to Homo sapiens. It is a very popular subject to study at University, as it provides an expansive foundation and stepping stone for future careers. Many who study Human Biology can continue their education at a variety of different schools, but are not limited to graduate school, medical school, law school and business school.

Although Human Biology covers both the natural and the social sciences, its major focus is mainly on the natural sciences. This branch of human biology is called Life Sciences, which is another broad category which is comprised of fields which involve the scientific study of humans as living organisms. It looks at physiology, genetics as well as the microbiology involved within our systems. While life sciences remains the centerpiece of Human Biology, other interdisciplinary fields have become relevant due to new and emerging fields such as biotechnology. Thus, by studying Life Sciences, one can better understand the quality and standards of life from a biological stand point. Its applicability extends into many fields such as medicine and pharmaceuticals.  

Categories within Human Biology


Postings: 23

Neuroscience is a discipline of human biology which examines the nervous system.


Postings: 1

Biostatistics is the applied study of statistics on biological topics.


Postings: 9

Pathology is the study of diagnosing diseases.

Lac Operon - I gene

In the table below, predict (yes or no) whether or not the E. coli lac operon will be transcriptionally active in the presence or absence of glucose or lactose as indicated and respond Lactose Glucose Lac expression? No Yes Yes Yes Yes No to questions "a" and "b." a. Explain each of your answers in terms of the mole


8. Determine whether the following statements are true or false. If false you must give a simple reason explaining why. a. Most prokaryotic genes have introns interspersed among the coding regions. b. Eukaryotic transcription factors bind to regulatory sequences that may be located at great distances away from the genes t

Genetics and Population Biology

I need help on these biology questions: 1. Mutation affect diversity with respect to the effect on alleles? 2. Sexual reproduction affects diversity with respect to the effect on alleles? 3. Population size affects diversity with respect to genetic drift? 4. Migration affects diversity with respect to the effect on alleles?

Human Biology Questions

These are the only questions that I have left for my assignment. Any and all help would be greatly appreciated, anything added please cite your source. EXERCISE 1 - Serodiagnosis of Infectious Disease 1. Define serum titer. 2. What are acute and convalescent sera? Why must both be tested to make a serological diagnosis of i

UTI and Serodiagnosis

- What are the three ways in which urinary tract infections may be acquired? - What are the steps for the proper collection of a clean-catch, midstream urine sample for women? How do those steps compare or contrast to the steps for men? - What are the primary and secondary antibody responses to an immunogenic response? Descr

Microbiology Case Studies

Case Study 1 Shawna was working in a physician office laboratory (POL) when a urine dipstick result indicated presence of blood and WBCs in the urine she was testing. Laboratory protocol specified that a urine culture and sensitivity (C & S) should be set up. Shawna obtained a blood agar plate from stock. On the bottom of th


I have started on the following assignment, these are the only questions in which i have have left, would appreciate any help on these. If you add information or any help with this, please include the website, for I have to cite the sources. Thanks so much. The family Enterobacteriaceae contains some organisms living in the i

Infections in the eye

I have started on this homework assignment but have not found alot of information. Any help would be nice. How does such a sensitive organ protect itself against such common infections? What could compromise the eye's ability to protect itself from such infections? What are the main causes for fungal eye infections? Why

Control of Growth and Viability

I need help with these three topics. I have done research but I really don't understand it. If I could get at least two references in APA format it would be greatly appreciated. 1. Discuss the four phases of the bacterial growth curve. 2. Explain two methods used to measure microbial growth. 3. Discuss two methods used to

What if there was a meningitis outbreak?

The Centers for Disease Control has contacted you and other microbiologists to review a recent increase in the number of meningitis cases in your city. The director of the organization is requesting information in regards to the various types of microorganisms which can cause meningitis. I need help for these topics: 1. I ne

Muscular Diseases: Mysethenia Gravis

Provide an overview of the disease process involved in Myesthenia Gravis. 1. Describe normal anatomy/physiology of muscle contraction. 2. Discuss the anatomy/physiology of the pathological process involved in Myesthenia Gravis. Specifically, focus on how normal anatomy/physiology has been altered to present the disease state.

Skin Disorders

Please help with the following questions... What is the normal anatomy and physiology of the skin? What are the functions, layers, skin appendages, and cells found in the skin? Using Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) for example how is the normal anatomy and physiology of the skin is altered in the diseased state?


Renal Disease 1. The majority of glomerular disorders are caused by: a. Sudden drops in blood pressure b. Immunologic disorders c. Exposure to toxic substances d. Bacterial infections 2. Broad and waxy casts are most frequently seen with a. Chronic glomerulonephritis and chronic renal failure b. Rapidly progressive

Helicobacter pylori

Describe Helicobacter pylori. What major enzymes does this organism produce to enable it to survive in the host? How common is an H. pylori infection? What is the age and social distribution of people infected by this organism? Describe in detail the likely pathogenic process. Which gastrointestinal disorders are associated with

Ciguatera Toxin vs. PSP Toxin

Summarize and compare the vectors involved and the mechanism of action on a cellular level of ciguatera toxin and PSP toxin.

Statistical Analysis in Epidemiology

Questionnaire responses were examined for illness first occurring, or intensifying, after May 1, 1973. Of 78 different health questions asked, only 6 conditions showed sufficient numbers of positive responses (10 or more) to permit statistical analysis. These were rash, anxiety, tiredness, headache, numbness, and balance problem

Homeostasis and the external environment

Discuss how maintaining homeostasis gives us greater freedom of activity from dependence upon changes in the external environment. What happens during extremes that force our bodies out of homeostatic bounds? Give specific examples.

Branches of specific immune response

Which branch of the specific immune response will be the dominant response to an infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis? Explain why this is the dominant response and summarize the response.

Outbreak Investigations

Both the Legionnaire's Outbreak and the SARS Outbreak involved previously unknown agents, separated in time by 27 years. Please list three similarities between the two investigations, and three differences.

Failure Of THe Immune System

Our immune system has been likened to an army of cells - ready to wage war against invading pathogens to protect their world - our body. Let's discuss this wonderful system we have which keeps us healthy. What happens when it fails? What are some situations which will cause our immune system to fail? How can we prevent these sit

Biology Problems

#1 Define blood pressure. Differentiate between systolic and diastolic blood pressure. What is "normal" blood pressure for a young adult? #2 What is the function of capillaries? How is their structure and arrangement especially suited to their function? #3 Identify and discuss the factors that contribute to systemic vas

Pulmonary circuit

1. Explain how regular exercise reduces the risk of heart disease. 2. Define stroke volume and discuss how stroke volume can be altered. Explain the effect of changes in stroke volume on cardiac output using the appropriate formula for determining cardiac output. 3. Trace the path of one drop of blood from the time it en

Physiological Basis for Medical Advice

In a few sentences each question, I will expand it, I need some idea and pointers, thank you! 1. Kevin's father has been advised by his physician to take an aspirin a day "to reduce his risk of heart attack." What is the physiological basis for this advice? 2. Natalya is concerned because her feces are a chalky white color. E

Rate of Erythropoiesis

In 4-5 sentences describe the negative feedback loop that controls the rate of erythropoiesis. Under what circumstances would you expect the rate of erythropoiesis to be increased? How would it be possible to tell if the rate of erythropoiesis is elevated?

Use of artificial erythropoietin (EPO) in medicine and in sports

Describe some of the positive and negative uses of artificial erythropoietin (EPO) in medicine and in sports. What do you think about the current rules which ban EPO use by Olympic athletes? You may start your discussion by describing the source and function of natural EPO.