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    UTI and Serodiagnosis

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    - What are the three ways in which urinary tract infections may be acquired?
    - What are the steps for the proper collection of a clean-catch, midstream urine sample for women? How do those steps compare or contrast to the steps for men?
    - What are the primary and secondary antibody responses to an immunogenic response? Describe.
    - What is the importance of acute and convalescent serum specimens for the serologic diagnosis of infection? Explain.

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    https://brainmass.com/biology/human-biology/uti-and-serodiagnosis-556378

    Solution Preview

    - What are the three ways in which urinary tract infections may be acquired?
    Most UTIs are caused by bacteria (mainly E coli) that lives in the bowel. These bacteria can spread to the uretha during:
    1. Sexual Contact
    2. Catheter use
    3. in people with diabetes or pregnancy, dehydration

    - What are the steps for the proper collection of a clean-catch, midstream urine sample for women? How do those steps compare or contrast to the steps for men?
    FOR WOMEN:
    Sit on the toilet with legs spread apart. Use two fingers to spread open the labia.
    Use the first wipe to clean the inner folds of the labia. Wipe from the front to the back.
    Use a second wipe to clean over the opening where urine comes out (urethra), just above the opening of the vagina.
    To collect the urine sample:
    Keeping your labia spread open, urinate a small amount into the toilet bowl, then stop the flow of urine.
    Hold the ...

    Solution Summary

    Overview on ways UTIs can be acquired.

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