International Legal Studies refer to the study of international laws, a set of rules usually considered binding between states and nations. These laws are extremely important as it serves as the structural framework for international relations. The major difference between studying international law and more localized legal systems is that international laws apply to countries and states, and not private citizens.
International laws can be thematically subdivided into three different categories, which are considered different disciplines in International Legal Studies. The first discipline concerns Public International Law, which governs the international relations between international entities. The second discipline concerns Private International Law, which determines through a set of legal rules which jurisdictions may hear a case. The third and final discipline concerns Supranational Law which addresses regional agreements between nations, where individual legal based systems are inapplicable.
In this light, there are a vast range of international laws which can be studied, ranging from International Corporate Law to International Human Rights Law. International Laws are usually regulated by different supra-national tribunals depending on the respective law in focus. For example, the International Criminal Court regulates International Criminal Law, such as laws pertaining to genocide or crimes against humanity. Another supra-national regulating body is the European Court of Human Rights, which prosecutes states for breaching any of the human rights laws which they have established.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com April 7, 2020, 1:34 pm ad1c9bdddf