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Classical and Neoclassical Criminological Theories

Classical criminological theories suggest that an individual's decision to participate in deviant behavior is based upon free thought and a consideration of the pleasure of the act versus the pain of punishment if caught. While similar in several ways, neoclassical criminological theories expand upon the classical viewpoint.

Select one the following neoclassical theories: (1) rational-choice, (2) deterrence, or (3) routine activities. Need help explaining the premise of the selected neoclassical theory. Next, compare and contrast the selected neoclassical theory with the classical criminological theory point of view. Conclude by identifying whether you believe the classical point of view or the neoclassical theory you selected does a better job of examining deviant behavior.

Solution Preview

The rational choice theory is a neoclassical theory that is based upon the premise that criminal activity is based upon an analysis by the individual as to the advantages and disadvantages of engaging in a deviant or criminal act. This results in the increase in the probability that an individual will engage in a criminal activity, if there are more advantages to be gained by engaging in this activity, than disadvantages. This neoclassical ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the difference between classical and neoclassical criminological theories.

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