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Submit perspectives on 10 organizational theories that incorporates both germinal and current research (what is Post-Modern Organizational Theory etc) ...present ten different perspectives on just how organizations can be viewed.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 15, 2020, 5:59 pm ad1c9bdddf
This response divides the ten perspectives under the main approaches of classical, neo-classical, modern and post-modern organizational theories. An exceptionally helpful resource is also attached with active links, some of which this response is drawn and is referred to in this response. This should give you plenty of information to complete your 350-word final copy, as well as other active links listed in the attached resource.
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I. CLASSICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY
Classical organization theories (Taylor, 1947; Weber, 1947; Fayol, 1949, cited in attached resource, which lists the references at the end) are concerned with the formal organization and concepts to increase management efficiency. Taylor proposed the scientific management perspective, Weber the bureaucratic approach, and Fayol the administrative theory of the organization. These theories added greatly to the development of classical organization theory. (See active link in attached resource for more on each) These theorists (as well as Barnard, Mayo, Roethlisberger, and Simon (1945. cited in attached resource) all believed that the goal of management was to maintain equilibrium, with the focus on controlling and manipulating workers and their environment.
(1) Scientific Management perspective is based on the concept of planning of work to achieve efficiency, standardization, specialization and simplification. According to this theory, the approach to increased productivity is through mutual trust between management and workers. For example, Taylor (1947, cited in attached resource) proposed four principles of scientific management: science, not rule-of-thumb; scientific selection of the worker; management and labor cooperation rather than conflict; and scientific training of workers. (See attached resource for active link on classical approaches)
(2) Based on his research on society, Weber's Bureaucratic perspective considers the organization as a part of broader society. The organization is based on the principles of: structure; specialization; predictability and stability; rationality; and democracy (see attached resource for active link on classical approaches)
(3) Administrative theory was proposed by Fayol, who based it on a number of principles of management., as well as management being viewed as a set of functions including planning, ...
The solution provides insights and advise on organizational theories, lists 10 of them with definitions divided into 3 headings: classical, neoclassical and postmodern. The explanation provides advise in how they can be used as perspectives from which to look at organizations.