What does this statement mean? "Remember, crime is the end result of a series of problems. When organizing for social change, it is crucial that we pinpoint the problem to ensure maximum impact."© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 11:06 pm ad1c9bdddf
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Law and social order perspectives is the undertone of our society as we know it today. The foundation of criminology can be found in perspectives of human conduct and what outlines that of deviant behavior. In turn, laws (written or verbal) have been implemented into communities and societies for centuries based on perspectives of what is right and wrong. Perspectives can be seen in society through consensus, pluralistic, and conflict perspectives. Below we'll review what the statement, "Remember, crime is the end result of a series of problems. When organizing for social change, it is crucial that we pinpoint the problem to ensure maximum impact", means to me.
As stated before, law and social order perspectives can be seen through social conflict theory that outlines three perspectives; consensus, pluralistic, and conflict. Law and social order perspectives is an understanding of the interplay between law and social order is critical to any study of social change and of theories of criminology that emphasize the role of social conflict as it underlies criminality (Schmalleger, 2006). The perspective we'll discuss is that of consensus. This perspective is when the majority of members of society or community agree and share in what is right and wrong through core values while working toward a shared goal of creating good within society. Those individuals that share consensus perspective feel that law serves every member of society equally. Contrary to consensus perspective is that of pluralistic when there are multiple values and beliefs through many different sub-social groups within society. Members of society that share pluralistic perspective feel that the legal system is neutral in nature. The final perspective we'll discuss is that conflict perspective. This perspective is when society has a diverse of social groups and conflict is completely unavoidable because each group has its own belief in what is right and wrong. These individuals feel that the law was made to serve those with money and power in society.
The majority of issues in our society revolve around some form of social conflict approach. Based on those three social perspectives, one can say the initial statement means that society must identify those factors that contribute to deviant behavior in our society. Over the course of social and criminal theories, we can see that society has identified communities with higher poverty rates and low education standards as a major contributor to crime. The statement to me is saying that we as a society must look to fix those contributing factors in our society to reduce/alleviate criminal activity in order to make a major impact on our society and social change.
In closing, social theories play a major factor in legislation that governs law making identities. Of the three perspectives discussed I feel that consensus perspective comes closest to my understanding of society. My belief is that the majority of society shares the same core values in what is defined as right and wrong that has a direct impact on laws. In my opinion I feel that pluralistic perspective adequately describes society. The United States is a very diverse population and in saying this we see many different social groups. In many situations each social group has their own values that impact their beliefs. In turn, these groups may not completely support laws, but feel it provides safety for the general population and doesn't target certain individuals.
Schmalleger, Frank (2006). Criminology Today. Prentice Hall; Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 11:06 pm ad1c9bdddf>