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    Theories of Crime Causation

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    Select 5 of the following theories related to crime causation:
    - Biological
    - Psychoanalytical
    - Rational choice theory
    - Social disorganization theory
    - Strain theory
    - Differential association theory
    - Labeling theory
    - Feminist theory

    Answer the following:
    Relate each of your 5 selected theories to these 6 questions:
    - How is the theory related to juvenile status offenders? Explain.
    - How is the theory related to violent adult offenders? Explain.
    - How is the theory related to criminal acts and juvenile delinquents?
    - How could a judge implement these theories in his or her courtroom?
    - How would these theories be utilized by adult probation or parole officers? Explain.
    - How would these theories be utilized by juvenile probation officers? Explain.

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    Solution Preview

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    Step 1
    First, we consider the Psychoanalytic theory. This theory explains juvenile status offenders as children who are maladjusted (Siegel. L, 2012). The juveniles according to the Psychoanalytic theory have a dysfunctional personality. According to the proponents of this theory juvenile status offenders should be confined to centers so that they could experience the penalty for their actions. According to Psychoanalytic theory adult violent offenders commit crimes because the motive for crime lies in their psyche. The fear of committing crime and the fear of punishment can deter adult violent offenders. The theory is related to acts of crime and juvenile delinquency because it says that dysfunctional personality is responsible for the criminal acts and for juvenile delinquents. For example, if an individual had a dysfunctional personality, he is likely to commit acts of crime. In a courtroom if a judge chooses to implement Psychoanalytic theory, he will increase the quantum of punishment given to the defendant. The higher penalty would increase the confinement period for defendant. An adult probation officer or a parole officer would use the Psychoanalytic theory by reporting the first violation of parole or probation and ensuring that the defendant is punished for his crime. The juvenile probation officer who followed the Psychoanalytic theory would closely watch the juvenile under his care. If the juvenile committed any violation the juvenile probation officer would ensure that the juvenile was punished for the violation. He would insist on formal processing every time a case was brought to him, he would insist on detention, and prepare severe investigation reports for the court judges.

    Step 2
    The next theory ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution explains the relationship of theories to crime causation. The sources used are also included in the solution.