Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Policy & Laws

    The United States Department of Justice "works to protect the rights of people who interact with state or local police or sheriff's departments."¹ The Violence Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 aims to review the practices of law enforcement agencies that may be violating people's federal rights.¹ If this law enforcement agency receives federal funding, they can use the anti-discrimination provisions of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.¹

    Traditionally, federal crime control efforts have been directed at problems transcending state boundaries.² These efforts focus on maintaining law and order in areas subject exclusively to federal jurisdiction or of national concern.² Significant to these efforts are the Department of Justice (DOG), specifically the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). These two bodies deal with homeland security and anti-terrorism problems that arose from the September 11, 2001 (9/11) attacks on the World Trade Centres.²

    Congress has been extending federal jurisdiction over crime control areas considered to be within state and local jurisdiction, like juvenile justice and gun control. There are a variety of acts that deal with crime control including²:

    • The Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984: this act overhauled the federal sentencing system and revised bail and forfeiture procedures along with other federal practices;
    • The Crime Control Act of 1990: this act codified a Crime Victims' Bill of Rights in the federal justice system and directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to amend certain sentencing guidelines;
    • The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994: this act authorized funding for law enforcement and crime prevention measures including increasing the number of crimes punishable by death and establishing a "three-strikes" provision for violent offenders.





    1. The United States Department of Justice. Conduct of Law Enforcement Agencies. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/spl/police.php

    2. Almanac of Policy Issues. Crime Control: The Federal Response. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from http://www.policyalmanac.org/crime/archive/crs_federal_crime_policy.shtml

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 6, 2020, 11:28 pm ad1c9bdddf

    BrainMass Solutions Available for Instant Download

    Racial Profiling Paper

    I'm looking for assistance gathering information on the above topic...the paper will be a 10 - 12 page research paper on: A policy on racial profiling by police officers to reduce and prevent crime on the streets. Here's what's needed: Conduct a brief review/synopsis of the relevant facts. Identify what you believe to

    utilizing evidence-based practice in the justice system

    Can our society adjust to the use of Evidence Base Practice (EBP) as a foundation for decision making by the actors within the criminal justice system? Or is this just a "fad"? Can a country like the United States, which has more of its population incarcerated than any other nation, feel comfortable and safe incarcerating fewer

    Significant Public Policy Cause of Change

    What, do you think, is the most significant public policy change in criminal justice today? What, do you think, caused this change? Do you think that this change will continue into the future? Why?

    Marijuana legalization policy

    I need help addressing the following critical elements: In relation to the departmental policy (Marijuana legalization/use), identify the needs of the public and the relevant branch of the criminal justice system, and assess the extent to which the policy currently addresses these needs. Specifically: a) Identify specific n

    Marijuana legalization policy

    Scenario: Your supervisor needs to be convinced of the need to make changes to a departmental policy in your agency and how these changes will affect the different actors involved in the policy-making process. I need help identifying a departmental policy and answering the following critical elements. Please provide cited refer

    Departmental Policy

    Identify an example of a departmental policy effort to address a public policy issue. Focus your explanation on the potential difference between perceptions of criminality, the public policy issues related to these perceptions, and the reality of the challenges many political actors face in addressing these issues. Discuss the

    Marijuana Legalization Critical Elements

    I need help addressing the following critical elements: I. Historical Analysis: To inform your recommendations for the departmental public policy (Marijuana Legalization), Specifically: a) Identify key trends, both modern and historical, that have shaped the evolution of the state or federal public policies surrounding the pu

    Public Policy Chart

    I need help with the following in reference to California illegal marijuana public policy, please see attached document. Describe, in broad terms, the public policy issue (e.g., domestic violence), which will address with your departmental policy recommendations. Provide support for the information you provide. Describ

    Public Policy and Department Policy

    I need help with the following: Describe a public policy issue, corresponding departmental policy, and explain the connection between the public policy issue and specific departmental policy. Describe related public policies (decisions, actions, laws, and or positions) of both the state and federal government on the issue that

    conflict theory and anomie theory

    Scenario: Your supervisor needs to be convinced of the need to incorporate criminological theory into the decisions that are made regarding departmental policy-making. I need help writing a memo for a departmental policy from one of the three following departments: law enforcement, the courts, or corrections. Address the cri

    concept of criminal law

    There are two kinds of criminal omission: the simple failure to act (usually the failure to report something required by law), and the failure to intervene to prevent injuries and death to persons or the damage and destruction of property. Both omissions are criminal omissions only if defendants had a legal duty to act, even if

    Juveniles as Adults

    Do you think there are some situations where juveniles should be tried as adults? If so, when? If juveniles are tried as adults, how should they be sentenced and incarcerated? Can the more rehabilitative philosophy of the juvenile court be applied when a juvenile is tried in an adult court? How do the criminological theories

    Excessive Use of Force

    I need help drafting preliminary recommendations to the mayor based on the criminal justice issue "excessive use of force" These recommendations will inform the mayor and other senior leadership about a course of action to solve the issue. Assess the strategy's potential for success, but also identify possible hurdles and obstac

    Methodology of economic crime

    Assume you are an investigator in a fraud unit. You have been assigned a case where one individual has been writing forged checks, mostly from checks stolen and altered. You have six of the forged checks from three different banks. You know the suspect and are now writing an affidavit (a written request to the court to justify y

    Solution legal policy memorandum

    I need help writing a legal policy memorandum to the district attorney recommending a solution to the criminal justice issue of illegal or improper use of force. The district attorney would like an evidence-based solution, Address the following critical elements in the memorandum. 1. Issue Presented: Summarize the issue in the

    Three-Strikes Law

    Three-strikes laws are the most obvious and controversial use of selective incapacitation. In 2004, approximately 26 states and the U.S. federal court system had three-strikes laws. In most cases, three felonious convictions result in a mandatory life sentence with no possibility of parole. In the case of Lockyer v. Andrade, thi

    Impact of improper or excessive use of force

    I need help with an in-depth analysis of the contemporary criminal justice issue (Improper or excessive use of force) This analysis should identify factors contributing to the issue by examining the criminological theories behind it. Specifically, what criminological theory forms your understanding of the issue? Indicate the i

    Restorative Justice Victim Involvement Importance

    Why is victim involvement important? Cite at least one example where it would be appropriate for a victim to be involved in a criminal trial and conviction process. Cite at least one possible negative consequence of allowing victims too much involvement in the criminal justice process. What are your own personal feelings rega

    Jury Fair Cross-Section Requirement

    I need help writing a legal policy memorandum to the district court judge addressing the controversial issue of obtaining a fair cross section of jurors to serve on a jury. Address the following critical elements: 1. Issue Presented: Summarize the issue in the form of a brief one-sentence question. 2. Short Answer: Provide a s

    Graham versus Connor

    I need help writing a case brief analyzing the Graham v. Connor court decision. Address the critical elements below. (Be sure to include references if any). Thanks in advance. 1. Facts: State the facts of the case and why the case went to trial. 2. Issue: State what is at issue in the case. 3. Ruling: State the court's ruli

    Improper or excessive use of force

    I need help writing a legal policy memorandum to the chief of police proposing a strategy to minimize the negative impact a controversial issue may have on the criminal justice system. In this case the issue is "Improper or excessive use of force." The following critical elements should be address: (please include references i

    Foundational of Criminal Justice

    Please be detail and write at least 6-8 sentences for each questions so I can understand. Includes References. Write clearly!! See attachment Textbook infor: Clear, T.R., Cole, G.E. & Reisig, M.D. (2016). American Corrections (11th Edition) New York, USA.: Cengage Learning. Thanks

    Juvenile Justice and Corrections

    Prepare a paper that summarizes how the juvenile justice system operates. Support your viewpoint with local data. Be sure to include the following: •The original reason for the creation of a juvenile justice system, •The changes in the juvenile justice system since its inception, •The role of school resource officers,

    Law Enforcement Management

    As the United States invests more resources into security and protection, all levels of law enforcement are affected. After each national crisis, regardless of whether it is natural or man-made, numerous researchers point to the mental health of all of those individuals involved. Police officers, by the very nature of their jobs

    DNA examination for closed cases

    In your opinion should the US and state Governments be required to examine DNA evidence in all closed capital offense crimes where the offender was convicted prior to the discovery of a process to examine DNA? Please include references

    Manager and Leader Difference in a Criminal Justice Organization

    Managers and leaders both serve important roles within any organizational structure. However, the characteristics of managers and leaders will vary. Evaluate the differences between a manager and a leader within a criminal justice organization. Discuss the types of roles that each is best suited to fulfill within a criminal just

    Criminal justice organizations

    Criminal justice organizations are structured differently based upon the mission of the organization. Compare and contrast the organizational structures of correctional agencies, law enforcement agencies, and courts. As part of the discussion, identify whether each of these criminal justice agencies operates with an open or clos

    Decoupling with Criminal Justice Agencies

    Large organizations face the threat of becoming decoupled. Explain the concept of a decoupled organization as it relates to a criminal justice agency. Discuss some of the challenges that decoupling presents and strategies utilized by criminal justice agencies to deal with these types of issues.