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Organic Reactions

An Organic Reaction is a subset of chemical reactions involving carbon-based compounds. The main organic reactions include but are not limited to additions, eliminations, substitution, and redox reactions. These reactions are usually used in conjunction to either break down organic reactants or synthesize new organic compounds.

Organic synthesis is now an area of focus, as new organic molecules are heavily depended on in the fields of pharmacology, medicine, industry as well as fabrics. Since, organic molecules in general are a lot more complex than inorganic molecules, organic synthesis has developed into one of the most important branches not only in Organic Chemistry, but also Chemistry in general.

Although Organic Reactions are considered a subset of all chemical reactions, they are no different to other chemical reactions in terms of physical/chemical rules. The same factors govern the stability of the reactants, products, as well as ultimately the outcome the organic reactions.

Another prominent way to categorize organic reactions, which may prove more useful under some contexts, is by the functional groups undergoing the reactions. For example, in the Fries arrangement, the functional group in the reactant undergoing the reaction is an ester. Thus, it would be useful to an organic chemist to not only have a list of functional groups with their corresponding reactions, but also a way to prepare each functional group. 

Categories within Organic Reactions

NMR Splitting and Radical Mechanism

1. Knowing that Jac > Jab > Jbc how many lines (peaks) would be observed for Ha? 2. Write the free radical mechanism for the following decomposition and give the formula for the two radical involved in the propagation steps of the following free radical reaction.

Mass changes and mole calculation for catechol combustion

Data before combustion: NaOH = 34.085g P2O5 = 38.293g catechol = 05.000g Data after combustion: NaOH = 46.075g P2O5 = 40.747g I need help finding: mass of H2O mass of CO2 moles of H2O moles of CO2 moles of H atoms moles of C atoms mass of H mass of C

Explaining Regioselectivity of the Reaction

a) Briefly explain why each of the transformations below proceed as shown by providing a detailed reaction mechanism. As part of your answer, and where appropriate, include resonance structures in order to explain the regioselectivity of reaction. See attachment for structures b) Write a detailed reaction mechanism for the F

Synthesis of 1-pentanone

Using organic molecules with only 3 carbons or less, and any other reagents, show how to synthesize the product shown in good yield. SHow all steps, the reagents used in each step, and intermediate products. Mechanisms do not need to be shown. Please see the attached document for the diagram.

Organic Chemistry - Calculating Molar Solubility

6. Calculate the molar solubility of Mg(OII)_2 in a solution with a pH of 12.8 (K_op of Mg(OH)^2 is 1.2 * 10^-11 7. For a reaction to be spontaneous at any temperature, which one of the following is true: a) [delta] H is positive and [delta] S is positive b) [delta] H is positive and [delta] S is negative c) [delta] H is

Synthesis of Poly-Para-Butoxystyrene

Design a valid synthesis of poly-para-butoxystyrene. The carbon in the product can only come from benzene and ethane. You may want to use the following reaction in your synthesis. See the attachment for a model of this reaction. The attachment labeled page 2 is the four different types of reactions.

Hydroboration-Oxidation

3. Give the products result from the hydroboration-oxidation of the following alkenes (a) 3,3-Dimethyl-1-butene (b) Mathylenecyclohexane 4. Starting with needed alkanes, alkenes and inorganic regrets, devise syntheses for the following compounds. Yout method should produce each compound in good yield and free of isomers. (

Organic Molecules and Reactions

I have 6 (sample) organic chemistry problems I need help with please (see attached as well). Short answer - please help. 1. Arrange the following compounds in order of increasing acidity, and explain the reasons for your choice of order: a. Cyclohexanol b. 4-chlorophenol c. 2-fluorocyclohexanol d. 2-nitrophenol 2. Show

Organic Chemistry: Aldol Condensation and Reduction of Carbonyl

See the attachments. ALDOL CONDENSATION: PREPARATION OF TRANS-p-ANISALACETOPHENONE (Post Lab Questions: pp. 622-623, Problems 2, 5, 10) 2. Explain why the main reaction between acetophenone and p-anisaldehyde is the mixed-aldol reaction rather than (a) self-condensation of acetophenone or (b) the Cannizzaro reaction of p-

Transformations and Matching Mechanistic Class

I am totally confused on the topic of matching mechanistic class. Can you help me with an explanation, answering the attached problem below. This would be greatly appreciated. Thank you.

Organic Chemistry Questions on Nucleophilic Substitution

Questions: 1. In the purification process, the organic layer is washed sequentially with 2 M NaOH, water, and saturated aqueous sodium chloride. What is the purpose of each of these washes and why is cold 2 M NaOH recommended? 2. How would doubling the concentration of the nucleophile affect the rate of an SN2 reaction? 3. S

Organic Chemistry - Sample Questions

1. Write a structural formula for each of the following acids: a. 4-oxohexanoic acid b. 2-hydroxy-3-methylhexanoic acid c. 2-chloropentanedioic acid d. p-bromophenylacetic acid 2. Name each of the following acids (see attached). 3. In each of the following pairs of acids, which would be expected to be stronger, and w

Organic Chemistry Exercises

Please help with the following Organic Chemistry exercises. Please see the attachment for the full questions. 1. Write a structural formula for each of the following compounds: a. isopropyl methyl ether b. trans-2-pentene oxide c. 3-ethoxyhexane d. ethylene glycol dipropyl ether 2. Name each of the following compoun

Organic Chemistry: Electron-Dot Formulas

Draw electron-dot formulas for the following ionic species. Show the formal charges on individual atoms in each ion. Please refer to attachment for full questions.

Balanced Equation for Sulfathiazole Synthesis

Regarding the synthesis of sulfathiazole from 2-aminothiazole and p-acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride, I would like balanced equations for each step, i.e. for the initial reaction resulting in the intermediate and the subsequent hydrolysis step resulting in the actual product, i.e. sulfathiazole. Note: I did not use pyridine

Synthesis of Sulfathiazole

I am looking for a lab protocol on synthesizing sulfathiazole from p-acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride and 2-aminothiazole. It would be appreciated if exact amounts of reagents, solvents, etc (in grams, mmols, mls - etc), could be given.

Not appropriate for library submission..

here is my revisions please let me know if this is better, on problem 3 our professor said to ignore presenting data, we just need to do a flow chart but I'm still confused about what I'm missing or the corrected one is better, I didnt the unknowns part i did the knowns portion of lab, we were told what what we started with we

Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution Reactions.

If the separation of halide ion from carbon is the rate-determining step in the SN1 reaction, one would want a solvent which stabilizes the resulting cation and anion to speed up the reaction. Which solvent would you choose for this role? (Hint: Bruice, 5thEdn., Table 8.7; Bruice, 4thEdn., Table 10.7.

Solving organic chemistry problems

Please see the attached. Methylene diphenyl di-isocyanate (MDI) is used as an adhesive ----- it is often cross-linked with maleic anhydride when in the presence of water. We are asked to explain and detail out the structural components of this reaction. I have a theory 1A and theory 1B ----- my guess is that the maleic

Priorities of R, S Conventions

• How many possible trisubstituted derivatives C6H3X2Y can be btained from the meta disubstituted benzene C6H4X2? (Ignore directive effects of the substituents X and assume that all positions on the ring are accessible to the reagent Y+). 1. One 2. Two 3. Three 4. four • In assigning priorities according t

Various Organic Chemistry Questions

I am taking an entrance exam for graduate school next month and I've been out of school for over a year now and I really need help and indepth explanations on how to do these problems from the online practice test. I am also using review notes from class and notecards to help me, but I want more help on an actual practice exam.

Reactions of 3 Hydrocarbons: Cyclohexane, Cyclohexene and Toluene

Hello, it looks lilke a lot to read but it all comes together quickly. The actual experiment has already been performed and the results have been recorded in the table (last page). Please look at what is in RED color - that is what needs to be answered in a more elaborated conclusion/lab report form (but it doesn't have to b

Biochemical Oxygen Demand Calculation

The biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is the capacity of organic and biological matter in natural water to consume oxygen. It is determined experimentally by measuring the oxygen concentration in a sealed sample before and after a 5-day incubation period. The standard titration procedure reacts the oxygen in the sample with mang

Organic Chemistry Help

# 1 i am sure that it makes a 5 membered ring but i'm not sure how it attaches. #2 this is the second part of a synthesis and I think that the phn-nph will attatch to the carbonyl's and form a ring but i'm not sure. #3 I know how to do mech 1 but i'm not sure how to do a second one, please show step by step how it is done.

TNT vs. TNB

By some measure, TNB (Trinitrobenzene) is a better explosive than TNT because it has greater brisance (shattering power). TNT, however, is preferred because it is easier to synthesize. Why would TNT be easier tomake? Explain.

Steps during Synthesis and Writing a Mechanism for Reaction

I am writing a paper on an article and it shows many different compounds and I want a better understanding of where each originated and what steps were made in their synthesis. I would also like to know how to write a mechanism for this reaction. When (4R,4S)-hydroxy-4-(4'-nitrophenyl)butan-2-one is in methylene chloride at -