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Organic Reactions

Medications and Organic Compounds

I am to identify organic compounds in medications. I chose to look at Orajel first. I am to determine the structure of one active component and identify three functional groups on each molecule. Based on the functional groups present in the drug molecules, predict the physical properties of the molecule the drug would interact

Functional Groups of Carbon

Carbon is a fascinating element that is capable of forming four covalent bonds. Remembering molecular geometry, an element bonded to four separate atoms forms a symmetrical tetrahedron. When the elements are either carbon or hydrogen the molecule is nonpolar. Nonpolar compounds are insoluble in water. Examples of this includ

Isopentyl (Isoamyl) Acetate Synthesis and Extraction

12.0 g of isopentyl alcohol mixed with 20 mL glacial acetic acid and 1.2 mL of H2SO4. This is refluxed for an hour. Must use 20 mL of diethyl ether as the extraction solvent. What is the procedure for the extractions (to MAXIMIZE THE YIELD) and volumes? (i.e. How much water, NaCl, sodium bicarbonate and in what order)?

Organic Chemistry: Acids and Bases and Bases

1. Define and describe the properties of Bronsed conjugate acid base pairs and how they relate to the pH scale? 2. Calculate the pH or pOH values for a given ion concentration. 3. Differentiate between strong and weak acids and bases and calculate the ion concentrations for weak acids and bases given an equilibrium constan

Aldol and Robinson Annulation Synthesis Problem

How would you accomplish the following syntheses? Give the structures of all reagents and synthetic intermediates. Mechanistic details are NOT required. Organic reagents must not contain more than six C atoms. Please see attached diagram.

Organic Compounds

1. What is the major product of dehydration of an alcohol? 2. Why does the simplest ketone have three carbon atoms and no fewer? 3. An alcohol has an OH‾ functionality in it. Do you expect it to be a base? Why, or why not? 4. Name the following: a. CH3CH2CH(OH)COOH b. CH3OCH2CH2CH3 c. C4H9O

Synthesis And Reaction Problems with Amines

Please see the attached file. 1. Write the complete stepwise mechanism for the reaction below. Show all intermediate structures and all electron flow arrows. 2. Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry. 3. Classify the following ni

Acid Catalyzed Dehydration of Alcohols - Gas Chromatography Analysis of Alkenes

I performed a lab entitled: Acid-catalyzed dehydration of alcohols. I have the file attached in word. My problem is I need to know the reaction equations using structure and names from the attached file. I also have a file from the spectrum of butenes. I need the labeling of the 3 dark peaks of butenes cis and trans. My permang

Organic Reactions and Synthesis Problems

Please see attached file. Give the major organic product(s) for the following reactions and show all relevant stereochemistry Provide structure(s) for the starting material, reagent, or the major organic product of the following reactions. Show relevant stereochemistry.

Reactions of 1-Methylcyclohexene and Other Alkenes

I went to tutoring to get help with this question and just wanted to check my answer for the following question. And I also thought a. involved anti-markovnikov's addition. Is that right? I'd appreciate any help. Write the reaction and predict the major organic products(s) for each of the following reactions. Make sure to c

Problems from Organic Chemistry Lab

Please note: questions that require the textbook are not included in this response. 1. If 3-bromo-1-propanol is treated with NaOH, a compound of molecular formula C3H6O is formed. Suggest a structure for this product. 2. What product(s) would you expect to form when tetrahydrofuran is treated with excess hydroiodic acid (HI)

anthracene preferentially forms a Diels-Alder adduct

Part 1 1. Offer an explanation of why anthracene preferentially forms a Diels-Alder adduct at 9,10 positions. 2. There are four reasonable resonance structures for anthracene. Draw them. 3. A large number of polycyclic benzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons are known. One of these, benz/a/pyrene, is a powerful carcinogen found in to

Ester Reduction Questions

1. In the preparation of the esters given in this experiment, the reaction product was extracted with 5% sodium bicarbonate solution (NaHCO3) in the isolation step. Why? What gas was evolved during this washing step? Write a balanced equation for the reaction that produced it. 2. Why is a large excess of acetic acid used in

Wavelength of light required to break C-C, C-Cl & O=O bonds

Without stratospheric ozone (O3), harmful solar radiation would cause gene alterations. Ozone forms when O2 breaks and each O atom reacts with another O2 molecule. It is destroyed by reaction with Cl atoms formed when the C-Cl bond in synthetic chemicals breaks. Find the wavelengths of light that can break the C-Cl bond AND the

Organic Chemistry Synthesis Reactions and Stereochemistry

Please see the attached file for the complete problems. 1. Predict the product of the reaction below. Be sure to indicate stereochemistry when appropriate. 2. Provide proper IUPAC names for each compound below. 3. The compound below has been isolated from the safflower plant. Consider its structure to answer the follow

Organic reactions .- Structures and Reactions

1. The sex attractant of the common housefly is a hydrocarbon with the formula C23H36. On treatment with aqueous basic KMnO4, followed by H3O+, two products are obtained as followed, CH3(CH2)12CO2H and CH3(CH2)7CO2H. Propose structures for the two stereoisomers for the sex attractants. 2. Compound A, C10H18O undergoes reactio

Percent Yield of para red dye

5. Determine the percent yield of your product para red dye. Base your calculation on the amount of 2-naphthol that was weighed out. See the attached document for the data. CHM 339 Title of Laboratory: Preparation and Use of Para Red Dye Purpose: Diazonium salts are formed from the reaction of nitrous acid and a prim

Organic Chemistry (5 Problems)

See attached file for full problem description. 1. Give the major organic product(s) for the following reaction or sequences. 2. A multistep synthesis can be used to prepare 3,3-dimethylindanone. From the list provided below, choose the best reagent(s) for each step in the sequence. 3. Each of the following compound

Reaction: Glacial acetic

Write the balanced equation, the balanced net ionic equation, and answer the question. 1.) Glacial acetic acid is mixed with liquid methanol (nonaqueous). What type of organic reaction can this be characterized as? 2.) Chlorine gas is bubbled into cold, dilute solution of potassium hydroxide. What element is un

Freidel-Crafts Acylation (Pavia, Organic Chem)

Please help me with this questions. I am having hard time answering these questions. Thanks. 1) Explain carefully, with a drawing, why the protons substituted ortho to an acetyl group normally have a greater chemical shift than the other protons on the ring. 2) Write equations for what happens when aluminum chloride is hy

Alcohol Structure, Classification and Formation: Compounds

1. Give structural formulas for the following compounds: a) 2-methyl 3-pentaone b) propyl ethanoate c) 3-hexanol d) 2,2-dimethylbutanol e) triethylamine 2. Draw structural formulas for all the alcohols that have the molecular formula C5H11OH. Name each one and classify them as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohols. De

Neutralization of organic acids

The high temperature pulping/digesting of wood generates methanoic, ethanoic, benzoic, and butanoic acids in solution. It is believed that under higher temperatures, these organic acids volatilize to their aldehyde or alcohol equivalents such as methanol, formaldehyde, benzene, butane etc. etc. It has been suggested that carb

Synthesis of Aspirin

1. Draw the structures of salicylic acid and aspirin. Circle and identify the functional groups present in each compound. 3. Sulfuric acid is a catalyst. What does that mean? 5. What safety, environmental and economic considerations would be important to a company manufacturing 1 million pounds of aspirin each year by this

The Bignelli Reaction

1. Draw the product structure in this experiment: See attached file for full problem description. 2. Draw and explain the detailed mechanism for the Biginelli Reaction performed in this experiment: 3. Nifedipine exerts a potent vasodilatory effect on both coronary and peripheral vasculatures. Compare the structure o

Microscale Organic Chemistry Lab Questions

1. Identify four moisture-protected reaction apparatus. I have identified 2 apparatus (Moisture-protected Claisen head with 3 or 5mL conical vial, arranged for syringe addition and magnetic stirring, and Moisture-protected water-jacketed condenser with 3 or 5mL conical vial, arranged for heating and magnet stirring). I may be

Michael & Aldol Condensation Reaction

We are preparing an a,b-unsaturated ketone via Michael and aldol condensation reactions. The reactants are trans-chalcone and ethyl acetoacetate (in ethanol and NaOH). This creates 6-ethoxycarbonyl-3,5-diphenyl-2-cyclohexenone. What I'm wondering is: Why is it possible to separate the product from sodium hydroxide using a

Multi-step synthesis from benzene

Propose a multi-step synthesis for the compound shown here with a minimum of steps starting from benzene and using any other organic and inorganic reagents. (see attachment for full description)