Task: Suggest a synthesis for each of the following four compounds using the Claisen condensation reaction type. Any necessary organic or inorganic reagents may be used. Please see the attachment to view the compounds.
Procedure: "In a 125-mL Erlenmeyer flask containing a magnetic stirring bar, mix 0.05 mol of benzaldehyde with the theoretical quantity of acetone, and add one-half the mixture to a solution of 5 g of sodium hydroxide dissolved in 50 mL of water and 40 mL of ethanol at room temperature (<25oC). After 15 min of stirring, add th
I am to identify organic compounds in medications. I chose to look at Orajel first. I am to determine the structure of one active component and identify three functional groups on each molecule. Based on the functional groups present in the drug molecules, predict the physical properties of the molecule the drug would interact
Carbon is a fascinating element that is capable of forming four covalent bonds. Remembering molecular geometry, an element bonded to four separate atoms forms a symmetrical tetrahedron. When the elements are either carbon or hydrogen the molecule is nonpolar. Nonpolar compounds are insoluble in water. Examples of this includ
12.0 g of isopentyl alcohol mixed with 20 mL glacial acetic acid and 1.2 mL of H2SO4. This is refluxed for an hour. Must use 20 mL of diethyl ether as the extraction solvent. What is the procedure for the extractions (to MAXIMIZE THE YIELD) and volumes? (i.e. How much water, NaCl, sodium bicarbonate and in what order)?
We are doing an unknown aldehyde and ketones test. The instruction for the test is below. 1) The melting point you determine for the derivatives you prepare may not match exactly with the reference tables. However, you can be sure that the experimental melting points will always be lower than the reference values. Why? How m
1. Define and describe the properties of Bronsed conjugate acid base pairs and how they relate to the pH scale? 2. Calculate the pH or pOH values for a given ion concentration. 3. Differentiate between strong and weak acids and bases and calculate the ion concentrations for weak acids and bases given an equilibrium constan
How would you accomplish the following syntheses? Give the structures of all reagents and synthetic intermediates. Mechanistic details are NOT required. Organic reagents must not contain more than six C atoms. Please see attached diagram.
1. What is the major product of dehydration of an alcohol? 2. Why does the simplest ketone have three carbon atoms and no fewer? 3. An alcohol has an OH‾ functionality in it. Do you expect it to be a base? Why, or why not? 4. Name the following: a. CH3CH2CH(OH)COOH b. CH3OCH2CH2CH3 c. C4H9O
A monoprotic organic acid decomposes after an enzyme is added to the solution. The initial concentration of the acid is 1.55 mol/L. After 354 sec, you take a 15.00 mL sample, titrate it with 0.120 mol/L NaOH solution, and reach the equivalence point after adding 52.36 mL. Compute the average decomposition rate of the organic
A 40.0 mL sample of river water was titrated with 0.0010 M Na2Cr2O7 and required 8.3 mL to reach the end-point.
Could you please explain what formula and step are involved and please provide (example) problem if possible: A 40.0 mL sample of river water was titrated with 0.0010 M Na2Cr2O7 and required 8.3 mL to reach the end-point. What is the chemical oxygen demand, in milligrams of O2 per liter, of the sample?
Please see the attached file. 1. Write the complete stepwise mechanism for the reaction below. Show all intermediate structures and all electron flow arrows. 2. Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry. 3. Classify the following ni
I performed a lab entitled: Acid-catalyzed dehydration of alcohols. I have the file attached in word. My problem is I need to know the reaction equations using structure and names from the attached file. I also have a file from the spectrum of butenes. I need the labeling of the 3 dark peaks of butenes cis and trans. My permang
Please see attached file. Give the major organic product(s) for the following reactions and show all relevant stereochemistry Provide structure(s) for the starting material, reagent, or the major organic product of the following reactions. Show relevant stereochemistry.
I went to tutoring to get help with this question and just wanted to check my answer for the following question. And I also thought a. involved anti-markovnikov's addition. Is that right? I'd appreciate any help. Write the reaction and predict the major organic products(s) for each of the following reactions. Make sure to c
Please note: questions that require the textbook are not included in this response. 1. If 3-bromo-1-propanol is treated with NaOH, a compound of molecular formula C3H6O is formed. Suggest a structure for this product. 2. What product(s) would you expect to form when tetrahydrofuran is treated with excess hydroiodic acid (HI)
Part 1 1. Offer an explanation of why anthracene preferentially forms a Diels-Alder adduct at 9,10 positions. 2. There are four reasonable resonance structures for anthracene. Draw them. 3. A large number of polycyclic benzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons are known. One of these, benz/a/pyrene, is a powerful carcinogen found in to
1. In the preparation of the esters given in this experiment, the reaction product was extracted with 5% sodium bicarbonate solution (NaHCO3) in the isolation step. Why? What gas was evolved during this washing step? Write a balanced equation for the reaction that produced it. 2. Why is a large excess of acetic acid used in
First question wants the product of certain oxidation reaction of chromic acid with a secondary alcohol and primary alcohol. second question wants the acid base reaction mixture of the salt produced. third question involves the transition state and the product.
Without stratospheric ozone (O3), harmful solar radiation would cause gene alterations. Ozone forms when O2 breaks and each O atom reacts with another O2 molecule. It is destroyed by reaction with Cl atoms formed when the C-Cl bond in synthetic chemicals breaks. Find the wavelengths of light that can break the C-Cl bond AND the
Why production of certain vapors would be reduced when a mixture of methanoic acid, ethanoic acid and phenol are treated with calcium carbonate.
Assume the following: Methanoic acid, ethanoic acid, and phenol are present in solution. It is assumed that without any chemical adulteration that sufficient heat will cause these organic acids to convert to formaldehyde, methanol, and phenol gas/vapor. The lab objective is to prevent the formation of these organic vapors.
Please see the attached file for the complete problems. 1. Predict the product of the reaction below. Be sure to indicate stereochemistry when appropriate. 2. Provide proper IUPAC names for each compound below. 3. The compound below has been isolated from the safflower plant. Consider its structure to answer the follow
1. The sex attractant of the common housefly is a hydrocarbon with the formula C23H36. On treatment with aqueous basic KMnO4, followed by H3O+, two products are obtained as followed, CH3(CH2)12CO2H and CH3(CH2)7CO2H. Propose structures for the two stereoisomers for the sex attractants. 2. Compound A, C10H18O undergoes reactio
5. Determine the percent yield of your product para red dye. Base your calculation on the amount of 2-naphthol that was weighed out. See the attached document for the data. CHM 339 Title of Laboratory: Preparation and Use of Para Red Dye Purpose: Diazonium salts are formed from the reaction of nitrous acid and a prim
See attached file for full problem description. 1. Give the major organic product(s) for the following reaction or sequences. 2. A multistep synthesis can be used to prepare 3,3-dimethylindanone. From the list provided below, choose the best reagent(s) for each step in the sequence. 3. Each of the following compound
See attached for full problem description. Give the major organic product(s) of the following reaction or sequence of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.
Write the balanced equation, the balanced net ionic equation, and answer the question. 1.) Glacial acetic acid is mixed with liquid methanol (nonaqueous). What type of organic reaction can this be characterized as? 2.) Chlorine gas is bubbled into cold, dilute solution of potassium hydroxide. What element is un
This problem asks to complete the equations below involving the Diels-Alder (2 + 4)-cycloaddition. Show the two starting materials or the product. See attached file for full problem description.
Please help me with this questions. I am having hard time answering these questions. Thanks. 1) Explain carefully, with a drawing, why the protons substituted ortho to an acetyl group normally have a greater chemical shift than the other protons on the ring. 2) Write equations for what happens when aluminum chloride is hy
1. Give structural formulas for the following compounds: a) 2-methyl 3-pentaone b) propyl ethanoate c) 3-hexanol d) 2,2-dimethylbutanol e) triethylamine 2. Draw structural formulas for all the alcohols that have the molecular formula C5H11OH. Name each one and classify them as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohols. De