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Organic Reactions

Provide a synthesis

Provide a resonable synthesis for compound P starting from O. You may utilize any organic reagents that contain three or less carbons, as well as any inorganic reagents.

The Limiting Reagent and Percent Yield

I need helping with how to determine a limiting reagent and percent yield. For the following question, I started out with 0.60 grams of trans-cinnamic acid and added 3.5 mL of dichloromethane and 2.0 mL of 10% bromine in dichloromethane solution. I re-fluxed the reaction, and, during re-fluxing, added a couple more drops of the

Reaction of an Alcohol to Produce an Alkyl Halide

N-butanol reacts with NaBr and H2SO4 to produce n-butyl bromide, via refluxation reaction in a lab experiment. a) Why is an excess of sulphuric acid used? b) Why is concentrated sulphuric acid is more effective than water in removing trace amounts of alcohol to form an alkyl halide? c) What two other organic products ma

Extraction

Using extraction techniques how would you separate a mixture of aniline and toluene using dichloromethane as the extraction solvent? Give a step by step procedure that you would use.

Reaction Mechanisms and Products

1) Write equations to show how the following equations could be accomplished: A) cyclohexene to Cyclohexane B) 2-Methylbutene to 3,3,4,4-tetramethylhexane 2) Given: CH2CH3 + CL2 -----> product A) The structure for the major product from the reactions is: B) Write equations to clearly show the expected mechanism for t

Distillation

Provide the Mechanism when 50% Methanol/Water solution is used in simple distillation to extract the Methanol. Please outline the process in the appropriate structure form. Thank you for your time.

Alkane reaction problems

1) When chlorinated, an alkane, C6H14, gives only two products with the formula C6H13Cl. What is the structure of the alkane? 2) The reaction of lithium di-sec-butylcuprate with isopenyl bromide yields?

Synthetic sequences

Question: Give reagents that would result in the organic transformations illustrated. In each case name the functional group. Answer: Provides the expected reagents for each transformation. Please see the attached "Word" file for synthetic sequences. (Brainmass Problem 8)

What reagent can be used to add a substituent to a nitrobenzene ring?

I have a nitrobenzene ring which I need to add two substituents...COOCH3 in the meta (#4) position and Iodine in the "other" meta position (#6) (the second Carbon after the ester). The nitro group needs to be taken off as well. I can't seem to find any reference materials on what reagrents can be used. Can you please advise?

Synthesize Using Benzene

How can I synthesize 3-fluoroanisole using benzene and any other compounds containing 4 carbons or less (and any inorganic reagents you wish)?