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Organic Reactions

Organic Chemistry

4. Use the bond dissociation energies (kcal/mole) listed below to predict which of the following statements 1 or 2) would be expected to yield the most product. Be sure to show your work. R-H (98) R-C (81) RI (53) Cl-Cl (58) I-I (36) H-Cl (103) H-I (71) 1) RH (g) + Cl 2 (g) - > RCL(g) + HCL (g) 2) RH (g) + I2 (g) -> R

Organic Chemistry - Stepwise mechanism, relative reactivity

1. Write a detailed, stepwise mechanism to account for the following reaction. Be sure to include ALL the components of the mechanism. hr CH3CH2CH3 + BR2 -> CH3CHBrCH3 + HBr 2. When 2, 2-dimethylbutane is subjected to free radical chlorination, the relative reactivity of the types of hy

Experimental analysis

The attached document gives the procedure and results for a hypothetical experiment. Four questions follow the information provided. Please answer those four questions. (See attached file for full problem description) --- A certain experimental procedure is as follows: 1. You react an unknown alcohol with acetic anhyd

Organic Reactions - Cyclopentadiene

Why is cyclopentadiene monomer more stable at higher temperatures although dicyclopentadiene (dimer) is more stable at lower temperatures? Also, given that cyclopentadiene monomer is more stable at higher temps, why is it necessary to keep monomer cold in order to prevent its conversion back to dimer?

Identifying an Unknown Liquid and Precipitate

A high-boiling bp = 202 - 204 degrees C, burns with a yellow, sooty flame. Sodium fusion indicates that halogens, nitrogen and sulfur are not present. It is not soluble in water, dilute sodium bicarbonate solution, or dilute hydrochloric acid. However, it proved to be soluble in 5% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. The compound

Synthesis: Claisen Condensation

Suggest a synthesis for each of the four compounds (view attachment) utilizing Claisen condensation. Any necessary organic or inorganic reagents may be used.

General Chemistry: Energy, Volume, Mass, Molarity, and Moles

Benzene is an organic solvent with the formula C6H6. It boils at 80.1 degrees celcius and melts at 5.5 degrees Celsius. Benzene's density is 0.88gm/ml; its heat of vaporization is 30.0 Kjoules per mole; its heat of fusion is 7500 Joules per mole; and its heat capicity is 120 Joules per mole degree C for liquid benzene, 75 Joules

Organic Reactions using Esters

For the formation of the following esters, supply the missing reactant a) o c = - c-c-c-c-o-c-c-c - c (O is double bonded to C) b) O = c-c-c-c-c yields (with H2/Pt) ?? (Double bond O) c) O = c-c-c-o-c-c-c yields (with H+/H2O) ?? (double bond O) d) O

SNAr Mechanism of Piperidine with 2,4-Dinitrobenzene

A) Write a detailed mechanism for the reaction of piperidine with 2,4-dinitrochlorbenzene. b) A "spiro" species has two rings that have one carbon atom in common. Outline a synthesis of the spiro Meisenheimer complex shown in the attachment, starting with 1-chloro-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene.

Ceric Ammonium Itrate Test

1. In a lab experiment, we added 2 ml of ceric ammonim nitrate reagent to a test tube. Then, we added 2 drops of Salicylic acid (2.hydroxbenzoic acid). We came up with a sort of dark brown or deep rusty color. This was a positve result. The questions are: why did salicylic acid give a positive ceric ammonium nitrate test? Wh

Yield of Grignard Reactions

Propene reacts with hydrobromic acid to yield 2-bromopropane via Markovnikov addition about the double bond of the alkene. The organic halide then reacts with 2-propanone(acetone), Mg metal and hydrochloric acid via Grignard reaction to yield 2,3-dimethyl-2-butanol. Write the chemical equations for these reactions using line d

Diels-Alder Reaction

C10H14(A) can only react with 2 equivalents of H2. C10H14 reacts with O3 to yield only one product (this product is attached.) Determine the two possible structures of (A). State which one could react with maleic anhydride.

Organic Synthesis: Expected Products

What products would you expect from the reaction of 1 mol of 1,3-butadiene and each of the following reagents? (If no reaction would occur, indicate that as well.) a) 1 mol of Cl2 b) 2 mol of Br2 c) Hot KMnO4 (excess) d) 1 mol of Cl2 in H2O e) 2 mol of H2, Ni

Organic Synthesis for 1,3-Butadiene

Outline synthesis of 1,3-butadiene starting from a) HOCH2(CH2)2CH2OH b) CH2=CHCH2CH2OH c) CH2=CHCH2CH2Cl d) CH2=CHCHClCH3 e) CH2=CHCH(OH)CH3

Aldol Condensation

In an aldol condensation, why might it be essential that the benzaldehyde contain no benzoic acid?

Structures for Isomers

Question: Two structural isomers are formed when 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene reacts with ethyl acrylate (ethyl 2-propenoate). Draw structures for these isomers.

Vinegar and Eggshells Reaction

When vinegar and eggshells are combined a reaction ocurrs that produces new chemicals. Show a balanced equation for this reaction.

Synthetic Reaction Scheme

Please outline a synthetic reaction scheme for the preparation of triphenylmethanol from: 1. Methyl benzoate 2. Diethyl carbonate A large number of polycyclic benzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons are known. One of these, benz/a/pyrene, is a powerful carcinogen found in tobacco smoke. Draw the structure of this hydrocarbon. Ca

Buffers and Buffer Type Solutions

1. The Common Ion Effect. What is the pH of a solution that contains 0.250-M benzoic acid and 0.600-M sodium benzoate? 2. Buffers. A buffer solution is made of 0.100 M HOCl and 0.250 M NaOCl. What is the pH of the resulting solution when a 15.0-mL portion of 0.200 M HCl is added to 100.0 mL of the buffer? 3. Prepa

Products in an Organic Reaction

Reaction 1 Reaction 2 O // CH3--C==CH--CH2--OH + CH3--CH2--C ! CH3 OH ? Reaction 1 between compounds 1 and 2. The equation is incomplete, only the reactants are

Chemistry - Functional Groups

This question is concerned with the compound lidocaine. Identify one amine and one amide functional group in the above compound. Draw the abbreviated structural formulae of the products of the complete hydrolysis of the compound. Identify any new functional groups in the products and name them. (See attachment for diagr

Important information about Chemical Reaction

The attached file contains the visual depiction of the chemicals compounding. In the diagram, the equation for the following reaction is incomplete, with only the reactants shown, The missing product(s) are indicated by a question mark. Identify any functional group(s) in compounds 1 & 2 by circling them and naming them clearly.

Aromatic Compound Synthesis

Synthesize two of the attached compounds from the indicated starting materials. You may also use any organic compounds containing three or less carbon atoms, benzene, N-bromosuccinimide, triphenylphosphine, meta-chloroperbenzoic acid (MCPBA), methylvinyl ketone, lithium diisopropylamide (LDA), ethyl acetoacetate (acetoacetic es

Drawing Organic Products

Draw the structure of the major organic product for each of the reactions attached. Be sure to indicate stereochemistry, where appropriate.