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Nomenclature of Alkanes and Alkenes

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This solution describes how to name alkanes and alkenes according to the rules of scientific nomenclature. It was originally part of my ebook EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE. If you want more information or a more complete description to include inorganic compounds, please see the ebook section of this website.

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NAMING ALKANES

1. Find the longest continuous carbon chain. It may or may not be in a straight line.
2. Number the carbon atoms in the main chain in sequence. Start at the end of the chain which gives the substituents the smallest number.
3. Add numbers to the names of the substituent groups to identify their positions on the chain.
4. Use ...

Solution Summary

This solution will discuss how to properly name two classes of organic compounds- the alkanes and the alkenes, according to scientific nomenclature. This solution will provide the rules of nomenclature for naming alkanes and alkenes, as well as providing a helpful list of steps to take when naming both types of organic compounds.

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