Share
Explore BrainMass

Structural Functionalism

Structural Functionalism is one of three major theoretical frameworks in sociology. Those who support framework see society as a nuanced and complex system comprised of parts that work together to create a stable or unstable society.¹ Society is a machine and if one party breaks, the structure of all of society will break - leading to bad consequences.

Generally, functionalists see events in society as a consequence of how effectively or ineffectively the parts of society work together.

Structural Functionalism has its origins in the works of Emile Durkheim. One of Durkheim’s biggest contributions to the works of sociology is the concept of anomie. Anomie is a societal state in which the structure of society is unstable and disorganized.¹ Functionalists generally view anomie as the consequence of a broken part of the machine, leading to deviance and other negative consequences.

Functionalists generally interpret parts of society in terms of how they contribute to the stability of the entire society. Basically, society is more than sum of its parts and each part of society is dependent on all other parts for the functionality of the machine.

For example, in most of North America, the government provides free public education to families. These families pay taxes to keep the state and its social programs running. Families also depend on the education system that depends on government for funding to raise their children into law abiding citizens who will eventually help support the state.¹

 

 

Reference:
1. About. Functionalist Theory. Retrieved May 7, 2014, from http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Functionalist-Theory.htm

Learning theorists

Who are the most significant theorists in the arena of motivation and learning theory?

Article on motivational theories

Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2004). What should we do about motivation theory? six recommendations for the twenty-first century. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 388-403. doi:10.5465/AMR.2004.13670974

Harriet Martineau: "Mother of Sociology"

Martineau is considered the "Mother" of sociology. She was the first to translate the work of the early sociological theorists into English. Her translations were crucial to the development of American sociology. With that being said, what are some important points that I can use to develop a project on her?

Sociological Theories on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency

Briefly list and describe the major schools of thought concerning theories on the causes of juvenile delinquency, then answer the following questions: 1. Which school of thought do you find most compelling? Why? 2. Which school of thought do you find least compelling? Why? 3. Imagine you have been given a large grant to sta

Responding to Gangs in the School Setting

Outline the article of the National Gang Center Bulletin for November of 2010. Give an overview that includes facts, statistics and recommendations for combating gang activity. Source: The National Gang Center Bulletin for November of 2010 (5) By: Michelle Arciaga, Wayne Sakamoto, and Errika Fearbry Jones http://www.nation

Social Institutions to be Controlled for Dominance

What social institutions do you believe are the most important for a dominant group to control in order to maintain their dominance? Analyze the dynamics between social institutions and the dominant group's desire for power in society.

Theories & Approaches Present in an Article on Police Work with Homeless Youth

Analyzing and evaluating the author's use of literature, determine if the literature is used to introduce a problem or a theory, or to direct readers to the research questions and hypotheses. Article: McGrath, L., & Pistrang, N. (2007). Policeman or friend? Dilemmas in working with homeless young people in the United Kin

20th Century Theorists, and Grand and Actor-Driven Theory

Please help understanding how the twentieth century theorists, such as those of the Chicago School, and especially G. H. Mead, left their mark for future synthesis and application to the real world. What is grand (macro) and actor-driven (micro) theory? Like Erving Goffman's work and the influence on critiques of structuralis