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Laos: Globalisation and Human Trafficking

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For this paper you will research societies currently facing problems due to globalization and choose one in which to write your paper. For example, there are numerous Indigenous societies that are currently battling oil companies, or other energy, and some who have been harmed by Coca Cola. The current issue should be within the past five years and should be relevant to the courses area of focus in anthropology. For example, as a student in Cultural Anthropology you should not choose Mad Cow Disease and then discuss genetics of the disease. You need to discuss the cultural impacts of the issue you have chosen.

You are expected to research the issue thoroughly. You must have at least four reputable sources, not including Wikipedia. I also encourage you to contact a representative of your chosen society, if possible. In your discussion of your chosen issue, make sure to include the following: it's origins, the players, the cultural impacts faced by the society, how the issue was resolved or, if it is not currently resolved, what is currently happening, what is slated to happen in the future and/or your thoughts on possible resolution of the issue, if possible.

The paper is to be 5-7 pages in length. All papers must use Times New Roman, 12-point font and the margins should be one-inch. The paper should be double-spaced with the exception of your name, date, and class information located in the top left hand corner of your paper - this is to be single spaced. Please see below for bibliography information. If you would like to include photos, charts, etc., please place them into an Appendix at the end of the paper.

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Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of the impact of globalisation among Laotians (people of Laos), with a focus on human trafficking. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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Laos, Globalisation and Human Trafficking

According to the US Department of State (2016), "Laos is primarily a source country for women and girls trafficked primarily to Thailand for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labour as domestic or factory workers. Some Lao men, women, and children migrate to neighbouring countries in search of better economic opportunities but are subjected to conditions of forced or bonded labour or forced prostitution after their arrival. Lao men who migrate willingly to Thailand are sometimes subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude in the Thai fishing and construction industry. Women who migrate to Thailand are more likely to rely on recruitment agents and incur debt, increasing their likelihood of becoming trafficking victims." The demand for women to work in Thailand's sex industry as well as low-wage labourers for domestic labour and factory work is driven by globalisation - Thailand is Southeast Asia's most dynamic market in tourism and manufacturing. In fact, Thailand is one of the world's most travelled-to destinations, attracting at least 29 million visitors in 2015. Neighbouring countries like Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia are often attractive sources for human labour with Laos being a favoured resource due to shared cultural heritage (Laos and Thailand's Isaan region in the Northeast share common linguistic and cultural practices) and the fact that Laotians are easily attracted to higher wages and better opportunities in Thailand - their more developed neighbour.

According to Spence (2011), "globalization is the process by which markets integrate worldwide. Over the past 60 years, it has accelerated steadily as new technologies and management expertise have reduced transportation and transaction costs and as tariffs and other man-made barriers to international trade have been lowered." In the case of Laos and Thailand, the integration brought about by globalisation has led to a number of issues, most notably human trafficking. It has become a huge transnational problem between said neighbours where the corollary or related issues in prostitution, crime, displacement, ...

Solution provided by:
  • MPhil/PhD (IP), Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • MA, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
  • Certificate, Geva Ulpan (via Universita Tel Aviv)
  • BA, University of the Philippines
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