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Transnational Organized Crime

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The United Nations has identified eighteen different transnational crimes, and each of them in some way falls into the three-part typology of organized crime (provision of illicit services, illicit goods, or infiltration of business). The eighteen transnational crimes are: money laundering, terrorist activities, theft of art and cultural objects, theft of intellectual property, illicit arms trafficking, aircraft hijacking, sea piracy, insurance fraud, computer crime, environmental crime, trafficking in persons, trade in human body parts, illicit drug trafficking, fraudulent bankruptcy, infiltration of legal business, corruption, and bribery of public officials.
•Choose any of the eighteen transnational crimes listed above and address the following points:
◦What is the definition of the crime you chose?
◦What is known about its true extent?
◦Where is it occurring (places around the world)?
◦Who appear to be the offenders in cases involving this crime?
◦What are the legal measures that can be taken to reduce this crime?
◦Are there other, non-legal measures that can reduce its incidence?
•What are the causes of this crime? Why does it exist as a "transnational crime" rather than a domestic one?

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Solution Summary

This solution explains a transnational organized crime. The sources used are also included in the solution.

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Step 1
What is the definition of the crime you chose?
The crime I have chosen is trafficking in persons. It is provision of illicit services. This occurs when one person obtains or holds another person in compelled service such as involuntary servitude, slavery, debt bondage, and forced labor. it is also described as use of force, or coercion for recruitment, transfer, harboring, or transporting a person for the purpose of exploitation.

Step 2
◦What is known about its true extent?
The true extent of trafficking in persons can be understood by knowing that this crime affects every country in the world either as a country of origin, transit, or destination. Normally, trafficking occurs from less developed countries to more developed countries. The crime is driven by poverty, conflict, or other constraints. Europe is the destination of victims from a wide range of countries. In contrast victims from Asia are trafficked to a large number of countries.
Step 3
◦Where is it occurring (places around the world)?
It is occurring in every part of the world. For example, countries in North and South American are both origins and destinations for trafficking. According to the International Labor Organization, there are 3 out of 1000 people globally who are forced or ...

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