Share
Explore BrainMass

Assessment Tools

When assessing and diagnosing abnormality, various assessment tools can be used in order to determine a possible diagnosis of a mental illness. Various methods of assessment include clinical interviews, cognitive, symptom, and personality tests, and behavioural observation and self-monitoring. These tests involve extensive prior research to ensure their reliability and validity in terms of measuring what they're supposed to measure and consistently giving the appropriate results.

Image credit: FEMA / George Armstrong

In clinical interviews, the clinician obtains initial information about the client. This can include basic information about the client's life, including their family history, social environment, major events, and daily life. More specific questions can explore the individual's symptoms, including frequency and magnitude.

More specific assessments can be made to determine specific functioning of the individual. For instance, cognitive tests, intelligence tests, personality tests, and neuropsychological tests may be used. Brain-imaging techniques and questionnaires to determine symptoms and history can also be utilized to collect information for in assessing and diagnosing abnormality.

Lastly, individuals can be assessed based on their behaviour, which can be done via monitoring the client and their interactions within the environment. The individual can also report back to the clinician through self-monitoring their own behaviour and thoughts in methods such as journaling.

Using this information, combined with specific assessment tools and clinical interviews, the client can be appropriately assessed in terms of their symptoms, history, functioning, and behaviour in order to get an overall idea of their mental health.

Categories within Assessment Tools

Clinical Interviews

Postings: 31

Clinical interviews seek to gain information related to symptoms and family history and can be structured or unstructured in format.

Behavioral Observation and Self-Monitoring

Postings: 31

Behavioural observation and self-monitoring involves the client's behaviour being observed by the clinician and the client recording their own behaviour and thoughts.

Symptoms and History

Postings: 5

Symptoms and history are an essential step to gathering information in order to assess and diagnose abnormality.

Sociocultural Factors

Postings: 11

Sociocultural factors when gathering information for assessing and diagnosing abnormality include the individual's culture, their environment, and their belief system.

Research and Rationales

The Garcia family presents for treatment with the primary concern that their adolescent daughter, Anna, has been recently diagnosed with cancer. Anna has begun aggressive chemotherapy that has been very distressing for everyone in the family. Prior to this most recent stressful event, the family reports that they got along well

Psychology and Substance Abuse

Pick a psychological construct that both interests you and applies to your specialty area of substance abuse 1. Why is it important to the practicing psychology professional to precisely measure this variable in practice? 2. What are the alternatives to measurement when working with this psychological construct? 3. What

Verbal Feedback

Can you help me with coming up with an analysis of the critical issues and considerations related to providing verbal feedback of personality assessment results.

Brief Assessments

Please help me with the following: What factors would lead one to administer the BSI and to use it as a possible screener for the administration of the NEO-PI-R and why? What are the diversity considerations related to administering the BSI for one who is Hispanic and complains of often being angry and lacking energy and how cou

The Use of Computers in Psychological Analysis

I need some ideas in exploring the use of computers in psychological analysis. I need to briefly summarize the article you located on computer-assisted psychological assessment, include the URL in your posting, and address the following: - Discuss the central finding of the article. - Evaluate the content of the article in ter

Clinical Psychology

You have been requested by the court to conduct an evaluation of a person charged with assault. Specifically, the judge wants to know if this individual is intellectually, cognitively, and psychologically competent to stand trial. Discuss what assessment instruments or types of tests you would include in your assessment. D

Advantages and Disadvantages of Meta-Analysis

What are some of the advantages of using a meta-analysis? Provide an example What are some of the disadvantages of using a met-analysis? Provide an example Use scholarly sources to support your answers and cite sources using APA format

Meta-Analysis Research

1).What is a meta-analysis? 2) Why is meta-analysis useful in research? 3).What keywords or indicators in the title, abstract, or article that can help you identify if this type of scholarly article is definitely a meta-analysis type of research? 4). Provide a general overview of a meta-analysis article, in other words

Evaluate Ones' Thinkinking

Evaluate ones' thought process. Please read the scenario below. Mozart for babies became popularized in the 1990s. Many parents were misled by marketing campaigns to believe that playing Mozart would make their babies smarter. 1).What guidelines should be followed to ensure critical and scientific thinking in psychology?

Educational Psychology Research

Can someone help me with a description of selected population? This explanation must include whether this population is vulnerable physically, psychologically, or socially (or some combination of the three), and what is the ethical considerations relevant to this population that might affect an educational psychology research pr

Methodology Assessment Tools

Can someone help me with an assessment tool(s) that might be used in a study done on Cooperative Learning (e.g., interviews, paper-and-pencil assessments, surveys, online questionnaires, observation methods)? From the attached studies, are there any ethical issues that might be most relevant to the assessment and data collectio

Tests & Meaurements

Could someone please help me understand the following: Principles of test administration, scoring, and interpretation. Fairness in testing. Ensuring the rights of test takers are upheld. Your responsibilities as a test user.

Ethic Code: Multiple Relationships

Can anyone help me with a possible summary of a research topic ( i.e. dissertation topic, a hypothetical study, etc.)? Also describe at least two challenges related to multiple relationships that might possibly be encountered during this research and explain why along with at least two strategies that might be employed to mitig

Mental Staus Exam and Risk Assessment

Please help me with the following: What is the difference between a Risk Assessment (RA) and Mental Status Exam (MSE)-what are they? What issues or concerns exist when it comes to using these assessments, along with the information that could be received. Are there areas of potential conflict between conducting each of these ass

Heuristics Discussion

What are your thoughts on the content of this discussion below as it relates to heuristics. Do you agree or disagree? Why This person has chosen two of the most commonly used heuristics that are used to solve problems and provide an example to illustrate each from personal experiences. This is their discussion: One fo

Commonly Used Heuristics Discussion

The most commonly used heuristics are: Availability Hindsight Bias Representativeness Anchoring Framing Effect Counterfactual Thinking 1). Out the six commonly used heuristic above, choose two of the most commonly used heuristics that are used to solve problems and provide an example to illustrate each from personal e

The Research Proposal

Each of the different sections of a research report (abstract, introduction, method, results, conclusions, references) is important to the overall report, but different readers might find different sections to be of more interest to them. Which part (aside from the abstract) do you tend to focus most of your interest on, and why

Need Assistance with the Case Study

Can you please read the (attached) Sarah's Case Study? Imagine that you are scheduled to see Sarah for her first visit this week: • Describe three ethical issues that you would incorporate into your first contact with Sarah and her parents. • Identify the legal issues you would consider regarding confidentiality. • Di

Use of mental imagery in athletic performances

I'm thinking and trying to visualize the use of mental imagery in athletics as a way to improve personal performance. In your expert opinion, is the practice of visualizing successful completion of physical activities is "pop psychology" and mysticism or whether the practice has research-supported underpinnings? I'm not sure if

Functional Assessment Methodologies

Read only the first five pages in the Herzinger & Campbell (2007) article: Comparing Functional Assessment Methodologies: A Quantitative Synthesis. This article provides concise information on the similarities and differences between different types of functional assessment methodologies. Using the information presented in the f

Data Collection and interpretation for formative evaluation

Please note, answer the following questions and they are strictly to be in APA style ( data gathering, citation, & reference). Kindly note for this discussion, consider the following for the coalition: 1) In what ways does the data collection and interpretation provide a basis for formative evaluation for your coalition?

Value Neutrality

I need help with a writing assignment and I just don't know how to get started: How do I explain the ethical implications of a counselor expressing their values to a client. How do I identify the options available to a counselor who is confronted with these issues. Identify factors that might lead a counselor to consider ref

Applying psychosocial theories to a case study

Can you read the (attached) Case Study and assist with the following? *Identify which theory (psychodynamic, Adlerian, child-centered play therapy, or systemic family approaches such as structural, MRI, solution-focused, and narrative therapy) you would prefer used to address Bobby's case. *Explain how you would apply the

Will Today's Mental Treatments Shock Tomorrow's World?

In the past there were many horrors that passed as treatment. And the lobotomies, trepanning (holes in the head) and accusations of witchcraft were all associated with mental illness at one time or another. Our knowledge of mental illness has vastly changed and, hopefully, our practice of treatment has changed. The above

Culture and Assessment

Case study: Luis A. is a 10-year-old bilingual student who speaks fluent Spanish and English, although he only speaks Spanish at home with his family. At school, in the classroom, Luis speaks English, but when he is with his friends, he speaks Spanish. Recently, his written work and grades in English class have been on a down