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Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality

Assessing and diagnosing abnormality is extremely important for the treatment of mental disorders and involves examining symptoms and their causes in order to group these symptoms together into a diagnosis of the problem. This is obviously a very important aspect of abnormal psychology, as conditions can be diagnosed and further researched in order to develop treatments for individuals sufferring from the disorder.

Assessments used in abnormal psychology include measurements of biological functioning, cognitive functioning, emotional regulation, personality, and social functioning. Information can be collected and assessed by examining symptoms and history of the individual, including onset of the symptoms and any environmental or psychological factors that may have occurred throughout their life. Then, information can be assessed in more depth through clinical interviews or through an assortment of tests, including personality tests, intelligence tests, brain imaging techniques, and questionnaires to determine symptomatology. Behavioural tests and self-monitoring using methods such as a journal can also be used.

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Diagnosis is then determined based on the results of these assessments and used to treat the individual. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the most widely used classification of symptoms and disorders; however, while it is beneficial to diagnose someone with a disorder in order to treat them and provide consistency among health care providers and research, it can cause difficulties in assessment/diagnosis, including stigmatization within society. Furthermore, diagnoses may not take into consideration cultural differences.

Categories within Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality

Difficulties in Assessment/Diagnosis

Postings: 77

Problems in assessment are related to cultural differences impairing the ability to diagnose a disorder along with problems in diagnosing children.

Psychological Assessment Evaluations

Eight year-old Sean Brody is a third grader with many challenges. Due to his parent's impending divorce, for the past 6 months he has had to split his time between their separate households, as they negotiate a custody agreement. Prior to the separation, Sean's biggest obstacle was his hearing impairment. He is currently enro

Bulimia vs. Anorexia

Eating Disorders There are many obvious similarities between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. The differences that do exist between the two help to differentiate them. In addition to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, there are other specified and unspecified eating disorders that have clinically significant symptom

Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnosis

Confirming a Diagnosis in the Case "Hit on the Head With a Rake" As explained in this week's Learning Resources, changes in cognition can be signs of a medical condition that affects the brain's functioning. However, cognitive deficits usually are accompanied by other problems such as depression or mood disorders. Looking for c

DSMV Diagnosis Criteria: Avoidant Personality Disorder

Please use APA style my last assignment you completed came back 71percent plagrism . Thank you in advance for your help . This Week's Readings Please note that Chapter 11 in the Abnormal Psychology text uses terminology that applies to the DSM-IV-TR diagnoses. Be sure that you use the DSM-V as the primary source for diagn

Psychological Testing versus Assessment

Distinguishing Between Psychological Assessment and Psychological Testing As you reviewed in this week's readings, one major purpose of psychological assessment is to assess a client's needs and to determine what types of treatment or support might benefit that client. A psychological test is "one small part of an assessment" (

Interesting facts related to Autism Spectrum Disorder

I need a sentence or two to add to my introductory sentence. The sentence or two should be something with an attention-grabbing element related to Autism Spectrum Disorder. The sentences can be a surprising fact, or an insightful question that I can use to catch the readers' attention. This is my introduction sentence which s

DSM-5 Classification

What aspects of the DSM-5 classification process might be beneficial to clients and professionals? What aspects might be potentially harmful?

The Brain's Ability to Compensate for Memory Decline

The fact that we are all in this, studying and reading a lot is good for our brains. I went to a great workshop about a year and half ago about learning and memory given by one of my heroes, Dr. Cecil Reynolds. He has written numerous books and articles about intelligence, memory, personality and lots of other things. He told th

Challenges in Assessing the IQ of an Individual with ADHD

I frequently test children who have been diagnosed with ADD and ADHD. The children with ADD usually do quite well in a little quiet room with no distractions. I watch their behavior during testing. If they "space out" during a timed test, I write that in the report. People with ADD usually have a hard time in a large group setti

Threats to Test Validity

Using the correct standardization group is very important! The researchers select what is called a "stratified" random sample from several locations: urban, rural, metropolitan, etc. Researchers make sure that a certain number of examinees are from each subgroup. Their raw scores are then averaged to create the norm of the test.

Poverty and School Performance

This year, many of the well-known IQ tests will be come out with revised editions (Wechsler, 2014). I am wondering if they will have many test questions referring to the internet or the use of use of computers or ipads. It is a tough call because believe it or not, there are many students too poor to have the internet at home. L

Differential Treatment of Individuals within Society

When I was a graduate student in my Master's program, I was required to complete several "pilot" studies which contained research papers in APA format and some test construction. For these studies, I first had to do a lot of research on the topics in the library. My favorite study looked at sex differences in the treatment of me

Keys to Developing Simplified Psychological Assessment Tests

(Simplicity in assessment testing). Give an example of how Hogan's experience would make valid test construction easier. Compare to what Hogan has listed below This is what Hogan say's about simplifying assessment test: Aim for simplicity. "Clever" items often don't work. Also, Hogan states that simple items almost always w

Intelligence testing and cultural difference

There are many skills necessary to live and adapt effectively in certain environments. Tests are sometimes constructed and then "local norms" are created for that area. Many parts of the world do actually have very similar IQ tests to those used in the United States and Canada. They are created and normed on their own continent.

Intelligence testing and cultural competence

There always error in every test when there are multiple cultural influences in a unique population group. Sometimes specific tests need to be tailored to that group. That is where the training to completely understand a test comes in: examiner competence. "Examiner Competence" is an ethical standard in psychological testing

The Key to Happiness and Success Factors

Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment by Seligman (2002) and Outliers: The story of success by Gladwell (2008). Both authors focus on the positive ways of looking at life and the factors that influence the lives of successful people rather that dwelling on the negative. There are

Bullying and depression article

Search Terms: Type in a broad category such as: depression assessment, team building assessment, autism assessment, teaching styles assessment, school climate assessment, employee testing, etc. Also, add some specific area to narrow down the search criteria. (Your choice of a topic). Scan recent journal articles relating to

Country Test Comparison Flaws

There are reports every year that compare countries and indicate that some countries are "behind" or "ahead" in math or science and other skills. Think about if completely different tests with a completely different norming sample can be compared and found to be valid. If we are taking a different test, can it be perfectly compa

Developing a Good Survey

It takes time to understand the meaning of survey tests and we all have a natural inclination to try to figure out what they are asking for on a test! These tests are now being created in the thousands so it is actually a growing area for employment. Within the interest and attitude category, many political organizations and

How Cultural Biases affect IQ Scores

The first major category of assessment described in Hogan (2007) is intelligence tests. For this reason, there is a multitude of research on the topic. According to Flynn (2009), the "Flynn effect" examines the flaws within IQ tests. Flynn wrote his first book about increasing IQs in the early 80's. He estimates that average I

Achievement Between Wealthy & Poor School Districts

There is a striking advantage that wealthy private schools and some public schools have over poor and middle class school districts in the country. The past 30 years of research on the predictors of student achievement or behavior on the SAT or state testing programs has indicated that 70% of the variance is the wealth and educa

Diagnosing Socially Anxious Man

I need help with a diagnosing a case study using the DSM5. I need a primary diagnosis, and secondary's, and rationale as to why the diagnosis was given. Any thoughts or ideas would be appreciated. Here is the case study... Jim was a nice looking man in his mid-30's. He could trace his shyness to boyhood and his social anxi

Diagnosing an Attorney with Marriage/Work Problems

I need help with some thoughts to a diagnosis using the DSM5. I need primary, secondaries, and rationale for the diagnosis. Here is the case: George is a 45-year-old attorney who has made an initial appointment only because his wife has insisted. She has thrown down the relational "gauntlet", telling him that she is fed u

Discussion Analysis

Could you please do an "objective" conversational response on how this person has done on their discussion on their chosen research article? Your expert objective response should contribute thoughtful, unique and interesting information to add to their discussion. This is their discussion: Hi all, I used the words "In

Ethical Decision-Making Case

Can someone help with an explanation of the ethical dilemmas involved in the case study below? Based on the attached ethical decision-making, can someone help me with what might be done by using one of the decision-making models attached, the possible outcomes for each individual in the case, and the benefits and limitation of t

Theory Outline

I need help on writing an essay on 'Psychoanalytic, Neoanalytic, Jungian and Individual Psychology.' I need to include: - key concepts - key theorists - therapist and client roles - therapy limitations - is the theory research based?

Diagnostic Presentation

Roger is a 19 year old young man born and raised in Arkansas. He is brought into treatment by his parents. The parents are present in the initial interview session. Mother tells you that Roger, "is no longer the sweet gentle boy I raised." Roger's father is a minister and tells you that he had always hoped that Roger would one d

Disorders and Exceptionalities

With the notion of informed consent consider the following scenario: You are a counselor who is developing a therapy group for girls and boys ages 10-12. Each group member has a diagnosis of either Conduct Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder and has been selected to participate in a Gifted and Talented program at school

Identifying factors that contribute to a disorder

Can you read (the attached) Jennifer's Case Study. - Identify the physical and physiological factors that may have contributed to Jennifer's disorder(s). - Identify the social and cultural factors that may have contributed to Jennifer's disorder(s). - In an attempt to learn more about Jennifer and her physical and physio

Psychological Diagnosis

Does this information give enough intial information to make a diagnosis? What else should be added? Physician's interview of Donald: - Donald is a 33 year old young man, with a relatively high intelligence level - Currently living in a sheltered community setting - Unemployed. Has held positions but only for a few days.