Define the difference between these three in scientific research, which is the most valuable concept in research, and how difficult do you believe it is to determine each of these terms in quantitative research? Association, Correlation, and causation. Why is it so difficult to determine causation in research studies?
Why is evaluating the feasibility of recommended courses of action to address a public policy problem a critical factor in the policy analysis process? What types of difficulties might arise in the process if this step is not completed correctly?
Identify and explain the role of key actors who have influence over the budgetary process. Explain how the budgetary constraints led to the outcome of the case. Discuss the politics involved with the budgetary process.
1.Identify and discuss the public service culture present in the case and explain why Wise argue that public service motivation is found more in the government than in private sector. 2.Discuss if the Healy's motivation for accepting the Red Cross presidency is in line with the public service motives? 3.Discuss what the case s
In a recent lecture at Yale University, Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer cautioned that while most citizens assume that judicial review is an enduring part of American government, judges should not take it for granted. He advises that if judges wish to preserve this undemocratic power they should follow a judicial philosophy
Do you think that public administrators should be restricted to only lay down rules in the discharge of their duties as espoused by Max Weber or should they have some amount of discretion? Provide the likely benefits and disadvantages of each scenario and use examples to support your argument.
Why is Max Weber's characterization of bureaucracy considered the essential building block for understanding the formal institutional structures of public administration? Using ONE of the issues below, briefly explain why intergovernmental relations is so complex in the US:a ) Illegal immigrationb) Homeland securityc) Educati
Identify the various actors of intergovernmental relations involved in the case. In general, what does this case tell you about the complexity of IGR in this country and the work of public administrators in the 21st century? The first paper is upside down and cut off because the other material was from a previous assignment but
On September 11, 2001, terrorists exploited the transportation sector of the National Critical Infrastructure (CI) and illustrated how an attack on CI segments can have a ripple effect on the national economy. What are five national critical infrastructure segments where any future attacks will result in catastrophic events. Na
The Constitution states, "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States..." (Art. I, Sec. 2). Contrast this with the original constitutional language for the other house of Congress, "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from ea
The Homeland Security Presidential Directive 8 is aimed at strengthening the security and resilience of the United States through systematic preparation for the threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the nation, including the following: - acts of terrorism - cyber-attacks, pandemics - catastrophic natural di
What are some of the reasons for policy termination? What are some of the roadblocks to policy termination? How might these roadblocks be minimized?
What are some of the skills, knowledge, and abilities required for effective policy evaluation? Why are these important?
Amending the U.S. Constitution The formal process of amending the Constitution is cumbersome and slow. While this fact explains why relatively few amendments have been adopted, it does not discourage advocates of constitutional change from proposing them. Four amendment proposals that have gained considerable attention are
For much of 2011 and 2012, public dissatisfaction with Congress rose to all time highs, with 70-80% expressing disapproval with how Congress does its job. Many commentators note that Americans are fed up with Washington "grid-lock" that makes government apparently unable to address important problems. Other observers believe tha
How does cultural change influence citizen policy choices and agenda setting? Provide two examples to explain the influence of cultural change. I was thinking that the recent change in gay marriage and the legalization of marijuana would be examples. Am I on the right track? Can you help me conceptualize this point?
What steps should be taken to establish a given public policy? Do you think the average citizen is aware of how policy is formulated and implemented? Do you think culture influences public policy? How?
Choose one of the public policy issues--poverty, corporate welfare, or outsourcing, How did your chosen public policy come about? What crisis created it? Has this policy been effective?
How does philosophy of government affect public policy? To what degree should government influence public policy? Explain.
How might you define public policy? How do social and political values play a significant role in public policy? Why do you think there are varying philosophies and theories regarding governance and public policy? Is any one philosophy or theory better than another? Explain your answers.
Explain the practice of "full funding" as it applies to Congressional funding for defense programs. What are some of the problems associated with this type of funding versus annual appropriations?
Hi, I need help with the following question. I am not too sure how to approach it. Why does Congress have a budget resolution? Is the budget resolution a law?
Provide a public good rationale for the type of health issues/decisions that should be made collectively versus individually. Propose a similar argument based on equity considerations. Are these arguments for collective versus private decision-making reflected in the Medicare reform proposals of the ACA and Romney/Ryan? Expla
How do the president's personal budgetary styles and roles affect federal budgeting? What is your opinion of the line item veto in appropriations bills?
Give a brief, general overview of the Annual Budget Cycle, from the president's budget through budget implementation. Brief means to provide only a couple sentences on each major part of the cycle. What are your top three areas of concern that you think should be addressed in the federal budget and why? This website gives y
Guide to Administration and Politics Dichotomy Essay The issues of politics and administration dichotomy first raised by Woodrow Wilson continue to generate debate among scholars of public administration in modern time. While some think Wilson's idea was useful, others reject the idea as impossible. In a 2-3 page paper, and
I am conducting an experiment concerning review for exams and have concluded that students who accessed an online video review score much higher on an exam. Are there rival causes that could also explain why students who accessed the video review scored higher on the exam than students that did not access it? How could each
Hypothesis: The media's early declarations of a winner depress voter turnout in areas where the polls are still open. What else must I describe in order to make this idea an acceptable explanation? Is my hypothesis testifiable?
Please comment on the level of national political power that the Louisiana government holds. Does the legislature or the governor have more power in Louisiana?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of New York City's government system for its citizens? How is the provision of funds to local sub governments affected or optimized by New York City's governance system?