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Organizational Theory

Organizational theory looks at how to control, predict and explain the structure, culture and interactions of the organization as a complex whole. It looks to answer the question "what is the nature of organizations?

We know today that a variety of individual and environmental factors affect business outcomes. These factors run the gamete from the goals and values of individual leaders in an organization, the culture that influences workers, and the competitiveness and speed of change of the industry in which the organization operates. Because the nature of the organization is defined by this variety of factors, organizational theory often overlaps with the study of economics, organizational behaviour, and industrial and organizational psychology.

  1. Classical perspective: Classical theory about the nature of the organization centers on ideas of efficiency and profit-maximization as defining characteristics of any organization. Frederick W. Taylor's principles of scientific management, and Max Weber's bureaucratic theory fit well with classical organizational theory.
  2. Contingency theory: In Organization and Environment: Managing Differentiation and Integration (1967), Paul R. Lawrence and Jay W Lorsch questioned classical management theory by suggesting that there was no one best way to organize. They coined the term "contingency theory," which suggests that the optimal organization, leadership, or decision making styles depends upon various internal and external environmental factors.
  3. Neoclassical perspective: In A Behavioural Theory of the Firm (1963), Richard M. Cyert and James G. March presented a positive theory about the behaviour of individual businesses the contradicted accepted theory that firms were all profit-maximizing. Similarly, the Hawthorne studies proved that human-relations factors play an important role in defining the nature of the organization (and the productivity of the worker).
  4. Economic theories of organization: Organizational theory includes three economic theories of organization: (1) theory of the firm, (2) transaction cost economics and (3) agency theory.

Categories within Organizational Theory

Organizational Economics

Postings: 38

Organizational economics is a branch of economics that studies the “theory of the firm,” transactions that occur within individual firms, and how economic factors impact the structure and behaviour of organizations.

Organizational Culture

Postings: 327

The study of organizational culture looks at trends and norms in the behaviour of teams, work-groups and organizations as a whole, rather than the behavior of individuals within an organization.

Organizational Structure

Postings: 157

Organizational structure can be defined as the result of the combination of all the ways in which work can be divided into different tasks, the coordination of which must subsequently be ensured. The lines of reporting and responsibility in an organization can be organized in many different ways depending on the goals of the organization and economic factors.

Model of change in the change models of Kotter and Lewin

I'm wondering if you can provide guidance with this 3 page essay based on Al-Haddad & Kotnour (2005). I'm not sure how to get started. I have to compare and contract each model of change in the change models of Kotter and Lewin, explain each step of the change model and explain the impact of each model on implementing change and

Starbucks Management

Identify the major stakeholder of Starbucks, analyze the top-management structure, investigate and enumerate the code of ethics (written or not written) and explain the ethical stance of all stakeholders involved in the organization. Identify the relationship among any reward systems and organizational goals and what positive or

Myers-Briggs assessment essay

Using the personality type ISTJ (Introvert, Sensing, Thinking, Judging) address each of the below *Describe how emotional intelligence and understanding personality types are important for developing relationships *Examine the extent to which you believe that personality profiles can help to reduce workplace conflicts.

How Mattel's Barbie Lost the War against the Bratz Doll

Read the case study, How Mattel's Barbie Lost the War against the Bratz Doll, on pages 361-362 in the course textbook, and compose a persuasive 500-700 word essay that includes the following: 1) Explain why Mattel's managers were able to slowly change decision making over time and what kinds of cognitive errors contributed.

Perspectives—modern, symbolic interpretive, and postmodern

Illustrate your understanding of the three theoretical perspectives—modern, symbolic interpretive, and postmodern • Why is a multiple perspectives approach to organization theory important? • Compare Tsoukas and Knudsen's Introduction to the Hatch and Cunliffe introduction. Do these authors agree?

Leadership Theory Strategies Examined

Please assist with the following two part question: Part I. ( A.) Define (summarize) ; (B.) Compare & (C.) Contrast each leadership theory listed below to one another. -Shared Leadership -Integrative Leadership -Transformational Leadership -Strategic Leadership -Social Change Leadership -Complexity Leadership -Compreh

Trader Joes & Organizational Behavior

Trader Joe's Read and reflect on the case study about Trader Joe's on page 26 of the textbook. Consider Joe Coulombe's approach to organizational design, and analyze the effects and applications of the various organizational structures and levels of authority. Given the benefits and motivations mentioned in the case study, shar

Content-Driven Change within a Competitive Industry

Think about the method (Process-driven change intervention, content-driven change intervention or task alignment) with which you would align yourself to implement change in your organization. Compare that method with at least one other method, noting the advantages and disadvantages of each.

Organizational Justice

Please assist using the provided materials with the following questions. I'm having a hard time grasping scholarly concepts and have to produce a 5 plus page paper. What is justice? What are the key theories and findings of organizational justice research? What are the key implications for management practice? Why should w

The Role of the Organizational Development Practitioner

Subject: Organizational Development - Explain the role of an OD practitioner and the different styles or approaches one could utilize. - How important is the practitioner-client relationship in an OD intervention? 4 pages References: 1-2

Effective organizations and strategic planning processes

Please see the attachments (scenario & grid). I need help in understanding the processes. I have the following questions below. 1. In terms of strategic planning, what kinds of processes should be implemented to make training programs more relevant to current job market/employer needs? Who should be involved & how? What ki

Organizational Stability and Innovation

What is organizational stability and organizational innovation? Can both be maintained in an organization at the same time? If so, is there an example of this type of organization? Has anyone seen first hand how stability has supported or favored innovation? If so, can you explain it?

Organizational Learning, Learning Organizations, Google

I just need help with this portion of my assignment. Provide a scholarly definition of organizational learning Difference between the notion of organizational learning and that of learning organization? Are we anthropomorphizing organizations when we say they learn? Explain extent that Google is also a learning organ

The Self-Managing Team Organizational Paradigm

The Self-managing Team Organizational Paradigm (SMTOP) is a leadership and organizational structure that embraces emotional intelligence and individuals' work preferences. The model was developed with a combination of several existing models (Compound Model) and is a type of hybrid structure. With guiding principles from the B

Balanced scorecard approach as an organizational consultant

Play the role of a consultant in presenting a case to a medium to large technology firm. A representative from the company, Sonic Technologies has contacted you and asked for you to meet with a group of company executives and to discuss how the BCS approach works in technology organizations.prepare an overview document that you

Organizational Behavior Questions

McShane, S. L., & Von Glinow, M. A. (2008). Organizational behavior (4th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin Metaphors and other types of ambiguous language are useful when: a the sender wants to communicate to people experiencing information overload. b the message is sent through the grapevine rather than formal communi

Organizational Communication - Public Relations

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Stakeholders and Organizational Goals

Identify the key stakeholders and their roles needed to achieve the organizational goals, and recommend the collaborative interactions among the key stakeholders to facilitate the organization's success for McBride Financial.

Understanding Torts as Applied to an Organizational Case Study of Sabotage

Allison operates a pizza establishment and has run into difficult economic times. Just when Allison feels that her business was finally going well, a new pizza place opens nearby. Allison cannot stand the thought of again facing bankruptcy of a business that she has worked so hard for. Allison contacts the suppliers of the new

Organizational Communication and Decision Outcomes

Write a scenario based on your personal experience where communication problems affected decision outcomes. Identify the communication problem areas that affected the decision making process. Who were the people involved in making the decisions? Analyze how the communication problems affected the decision outcomes. Outline strat

Organizational Risk

1. Looking at historical claims data is one way to identify an organization's risk, followed by questions on whether the organization has taken appropriate action to prevent further risk in those areas. Identify several types of HR risks in your employment setting and discuss if current risk mitigation strategies are sufficient.

Organizational improvement

Read: Northwest Community Hospital (NCH) has been lauded as one of the best places to work in America. That gives them a tremendous advantage in recruiting physicians, nurses, and allied health personnel. It send

A Discussion On Organizational Goals And Programs & Policies

A) Organizational Goals 1. Propose how you would determine if a performance management system aligns with the organizational goals of a company. 2. Predict three effects of poor or low alignment, and proposes a solution to all three negative effects. B) Programs and Policies 1. Select one of the six assessment points and

Boundary-Less Organizational Design

A boundary-less organizational design is one where are permeable. The implication is that the vertical, horizontal, external, and geographic boundaries are more favorable to helping one another; thus sharing information and knowledge between business units is more predominant than traditional organizational structures. True or f

Knowledge and Intellectual Capital

Knowledge is intellectual capital and comes in many forms; individual, group and organizational, to name a few. As an organization acquires knowledge, they become stronger in many areas and are able to make better decisions moving forward with regard to strategy and vision.

Different types of knowledge

What is knowledge (Individual, group, organizational, extra-organizational) and how does knowledge acquire value in an organization?