Explore BrainMass

Exercise, Fitness

Physical activity plays an important role in the health, well-being and quality of human life. People who are physically active live longer, and have healthier lives. People who participate in physical activity are also more productive, and more likely to avoid illness and injury. According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, exercise and fitness helps:

  • healthy growth and development  
  • prevent chronic diseases like cancer, Type 2 diabetes, and heart disease
  • make us stronger
  • give us energy
  • decrease stress
  • prolong independence as we get older

Although physical activity affects those of all ages, it does have different benefits for different age groups.  For young children it is essential for healthy growth and development. Exercise helps develop cardiovascular fitness, strength and bone density. Establishing positive health habits early in childhood usually lead to healthy lifelong habits.

Exercise and fitness for adults has been shown to reduce the risk of over 25 chronic conditions, including coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, breast cancer, colon cancer, Type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. The Public Health Agency of Canada states “the functional decline between ages of 30 and 70 is due not to aging itself but to an inactive way of life.”

For adults over the age of 65, weight-bearing exercise reduces the rate of bone loss associated with osteoporosis. Regular exercise maintains strength and flexibility, balance and coordination, and can help reduce the risk of falls and improve overall fitness levels.

In conclusion, exercise and fitness are determinants of health that help prolong good health and independence.

Image Credit: [Discovery Fit and Health]


Image Credit: [Southern Cross HealthCare Group]



Public Health Agency of Canada. (2011). Benefits of Physical Activity. Retrieved from


Full Body Workout Description And Analysis

This week we cover skeletal and muscular systems. I would like for each of you to do something different. Try a new workout and tell us about it. Try a new class (yoga, salsa dancing, kickboxing, spinning, or pilates for example) or new activity. Why did you choose this workout/event? What specific muscles/areas o

How Exercise Helps to Reduce the Effects of Diabetes

Mrs. Armstrong has a 6-year-old son who was recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. She says that he stays inside a lot lately and that she is afraid to let him play outside because he might have a hypoglycemic reaction. What can you tell her about the importance of exercise for diabetic patients?

Training Program for Gaining Muscle Mass

Chris is a high school student and is eager to gain some muscle mass. He eats a diet that consists primarily or processed foods (fast food, cafeteria, etc.) Chris is anxious to get stronger so that he can go out for the wrestling team. 1.) Discuss fitness tests or methods of evaluation that should be used to assess the clien

Fitness Tests and Training Programs

Chad is an avid golfer. He wishes to improve his golf game and is very motivated to get started on a training program. Chad has exercised regularly for the past 8 years and is in good physical health. Most of his exercise has been aerobic in nature with only a small amount of resistance training. 1) Discuss fitness tests or m

High Intensity training

Debate Guideline 1. What is High Intensity Interval Training? Give some examples. 2. Significance? Insignificance? 3. Through this particular training, how does this impact the nervous and endocrine systems? What parts of the brain are affected? What are the primary hormones involved? 4. What are their physiological roles

Popular fat loss programs

Critically evaluate any three popular fat loss programs. How do they stack up against each other relative to their nutritional profile? Their ability to support intense training? Their ability to provide lasting results?

Periodization And Its Components

Define periodization and its components. Give three different examples of when periodization can be utilized. Is periodization for everyone? If no, why not? If yes, why? The first phase is the Preparation Phase that last from three to six weeks. It consists of aerobic activities and involve exercises such as swimming, cycli

Classification of exercise equipment

Identify fifteen pieces of exercise equipment. List whether each of these is utilizing constant resistance devices, variable resistance devices, accommodating resistance devices or static resistance devices. Are there any improvements you would make on these devices? If so, what would you change?

Periodized Outline for a Collegiate Sport

Periodized outline for a collegiate sport. The outline should address all of the following sport skills: - Performance fitness testing - Flexibility - Strength and Stamina - Power - Quickness - Core stability - Acceleration and Speed - Metabolic conditioning - Sport specific drills Use the following questions a

Speed-strength program in high school vs. college, college vs. professional

During this stage of the course we have spent a considerable amount of time looking at the various components of fitness (strength, endurance, power, flexibility). In addition, several different authors have provided their recommendations regarding the proper exercise prescriptions for and progressions of sport conditioning, any

Fitness Program for an Asthma Client

Design a workout for someone with asthma and identify the reasons why you have chosen to design the prescribed workout. Please include at least ten references.

Flexibility Testing: Sit and Reach Fitness Testing

Find a flexibility test (V sit-n-reach, modified sit-and-reach, back-saver sit and reach, or back scratch test) and write up a lab report regarding the test, and include an introduction, methodology, results and conclusion.

Flexibility: exercises for lower back pain

A 36 year old female has a 75 degree ROM in her hamstring and experiences lower back pain. How does this affect her movement? Design a program to help her reduce her lower back pain.

Acute Training Variables

Hi, I need some assistance with the following question: Question: What are the 6 acute training variables? How would you manipulate each?

Squat Workout- muscles worked and program for specific focus

1. Choose two different type of squats and contrast the muscles worked. In other words, choose two different mechanics variations and tell us how they work the same muscles a little bit differently. 2. Choose one squat and use it in a program for a specific person with a specific goal. State your rationale, your subject, your

Physical Exercise Training Program Outline Describe potential issues that might be involved with developing a wellness and physical fitness training program. What are the possible ramifications in the program's administration? List three single training sessions that include the following items: o Warm-up unit o Conditioning unit (major physiological component of the session) o Cool down period o Number of calories needed to complete the sessions

Describe potential issues that might be involved with developing a wellness and physical fitness training program. What are the possible ramifications in the program's administration? List three single training sessions that include the following items: o Warm-up unit o Conditioning unit (major physiological

Trunk Muscle Activity During Stability Ball and Free Weight

Trunk Muscle Activity During Stability Ball and Free Weight Exercises James L. Nuzzo, Grant O. Mccaulley, Prue Cormie, Michael J. Cavill, And Jeffrey M. Mcbride Neuromuscular Laboratory, Department of Health, Leisure & Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 1) Evaluate their choice of populat

Video Games and Training in Healthcare

Nintendo Wii's are being used to train surgical medical students in the labs using digital techniques, also in LTC facilities to play virtual digital games on TV to improve their balance, muscle strength, flexibility and fun. They are also being used to increase mental capacity for seniors with the Brain Age game. What are ot

School age children and fitness

School age children What guidelines do you recommend to this group for achieving and maintaining physical fitness?   What is the long-term outlook for this group in terms of longevity and quality of life? Physical activity is important in this age of technology where children sit most of the day at school, and then go

Health Campaign plan

Population health campaign for heart disease prevention in the African American population

Name a famous sports physiologist.

This solution offers ideas for identifying two of the most prolific scientists in exercise and sport physiology field and describe what they have done and how they have contributed to the field of exercise science.