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Human Anatomy and Physiology

Shoulder Joint and Muscle Contraction

Why does the shoulder joint have more freedom of movement than any other joint of the body? The entire process of coordinated, voluntary, muscle contraction is summed up as excitation-contraction coupling. Why are these two things coupled, and what, specifically, is responsible for bring excitation and contraction together i

Endocarditis and osteoporosis diagnosis

1. Why is knowing the patient is at risk for bacterial endocarditis important to the emergency room workers? 2. Although a bone density scan is the test that verifies a diagnosis of osteoporosis, what results from the other tests (chemistry profile, thyroid studies, urinalysis, and CBC) would contribute to the diagnosis?

Joints and Homeostatic Imbalances

I need some help in these questions on joints, their movements and some of the homeostatic imbalances in diseases: 1. Identify a homeostatic imbalance (disease) of a joint or joints; 2. Describe the joint by its structural and functional classification; 3. Describe the type of movement that joint or joints exhibit; 4. Descri

Senses and Endocrine System

The endocrine system plays an important role in our ability to handle stress. Hormone release associated with the stress response can help us to survive and handle crisis situations. However, chronic stress can result in unregulated release of stress hormones that can have negative effects on the brain and our immune systems.

Senses and the Endocrine System

15 PowerPoint slides consisting of mostly pictures Discuss the anatomy/physiology of the ear (in speaker notes) Discuss the structures responsible for maintenance of rotational and gravitational equilibrium (in speaker notes) Required Readings Ebrary bookshelf (folder):

Basic function of a cell

This is a presentation on histology, the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues. You must make at least 15 slides that provide your audience with information on the histology of two tissues, epithelium and connective tissue. Your slides should include the following sections: Discuss the importance of a cell an

Addiction and Drug Tolerance

Jim has taken heroin for the past 5 years. One day, Jim and Jack go out and both use large quantities of heroin. Although both did the same amount of drugs, Jack dies from an overdose. Discuss how drug tolerance and conditioning may factor into this outcome. 100 words

Anatomy: The Vertebral Column

Please help with following questions. 1. Provide a discussion of the normal anatomy and physiology of the vertebral column. 2. Describe the pathological (disease) processes involved in degeneration and herniation and of the vertebral disks and how these disease processes represent an alteration from the normal physiology

Disease/Organ Malfunction

The human body is truly remarkable and is designed to function effectively. Organs are important structures composed of different tissues that facilitate specific functions within the body. Organs function as part of an integrated group of structures known as organ systems. These organ systems form the organizational units that

Endocrine, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems

Title: Exploring Endocrine, Circulatory, and Respiratory Systems Instructions: Your lab report will consist of the completed tables. Label each component of the endocrine, cardiovascular (circulatory), and respiratory systems and their functions in the following tables. 1. Endocrine System: Fill in the following table:

Tumor Movement to Lower Limb

A patient has a tumor pressing against her thoracic aorta at T5, which is decreasing blood flow. How can blood travel to the lower limb? What is a pathway that starts and ends at the aorta and allows arterial blood to bypass the obstruction? Include anastomoses.

The Skeletal System

In the human body, we tend not to be concerned about how the body functions until it stops functioning normally. To that end, you will explore one pathophysiological process that is related to the skeletal system. - Describe the pathological (disease) process at work in people who have been diagnosed with the bone disease kn

Anatomy: Portal Veins, Normal Veins, Blood Flow Control

1) Describes the processes and forces involved in bulk flow at the capillaries. include an explanation of which direction water/plasma at each end of the capillary bed and why? 2) Explain the difference between portal and normal veins. 3) Explain the relationship among blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance. Multip

Learning about the Circulatory System

1) How does the decrease in vital capacity potentially influence an individual's athletic performance or aerobic condition as aging occurs? 2) What is the functional nature of a "portal system" and how does it differ from normal venous return flow? 3) Why might a clot in the lungs (a pulmonary embolism) occur after a deep

Anatomy of the circulatory system and white blood cell differential count

1) How does a differential leukocyte count aid in medical diagnosis? 2) In counting 100 leukocytes you are accurately able to distinguish 15 basophils. Is this a normal number for the white blood cell count, and what possible health implication can you draw from this? 3) Name all of the blood vessels that would carry a red

Four questions related to the anatomy of blisters and bone.

1) Two common blisters of the integument are watery blisters, filled with a clean fluid, and blood blisters, filled with blood. Based on your knowledge of the blood supply to the integument, describe what layer might be damaged in the these two blisters 2) Synthetic bone material know as hydroxyapatite is frequently molded in

Anatomy and Physiology of the Heart

1. Which of the following statements about the left side of the heart is false? o the left ventricle pumps blood into the systemic circulation o deoxygenated blood returns to the left atrium o the left sided heart failure results in fluid buildup in the lungs causing pulmonary edema o the left ventricle pumps oxygenated

Floaters in Vision

Mr. Ally went to the eye doctor and complained about dark areas in his vision he had never noticed it before. There is no pain. What is the diagnosis? Explain the reason behind floaters and dark areas in the visual field. How should the doctor treat Mr. Ally?

Epidermis and Integument

1) Approximately how long does it take for the epidermis to renew itself? 2) What does a piloerector muscle do? 3) What cell type produces a pigment that darkens the skin? 4) What integumentary gland secretes an oil-like substance? 5) Distinguish among pacinian corpuscles, meissner's corpuscles, and pain receptors in

Various Anatomy Points

1) The most superficial layer of skin, made of keratinocytes, is dead and provides a protective barrier. If the keratinocytes were a live at the surface, how could that compromise the protective function of the integument? 2) Electrolysis is the process of hair removal by using electric current. Explain how this might destroy

Obesity and the human organs

The subject of obesity has been in the news a lot in the past months. A lot of the discussion has centered on the politics of the issue, but it is needed to consider the biological effects of obesity. Explain what obesity is and how it affects the different organ systems. Might it have an impact on the evolution of the human spe

Anatomy: Diagnosis of Patient with Osteoarthritis.

Please read the case and answer the questions that follow. Mrs. Olivwer has pain and stiffness in the muscles and tendons of her shoulders, legs, and neck. She had osteoarthritis too. Her discomfort increases during stress. She is depressed. What may be the diagnosis? What is her substance P level? What are the o

Acidosis and Urinary Disorders

Acidosis A 42-year-old female presents with metabolic acidosis from starvation. 1. What might be her symptoms in metabolic acidosis? 2. How would her pH, carbon dioxide, and bicarbonate levels be upon presentation if no compensation has occurred? 3. What other conditions may cause metabolic acidosis? Urinary Dis

Questions on Physiology of Heart Complications

1. Half of the people have a smaller than average sized heart and half have a larger than average sized heart. In which group would you expect the heart rate to be higher? Explain your answer. 2. In general, females have a higher heart rate than males. What explanation can you give for this difference? 3. What important molecu

Gastrointestinal Disorders and Diagnoses

A 57-year-old Wall Street broker has been suffering from intermittent constipation and diarrhea for several months. He complains of abdominal pain and a feeling of fullness. He has been taking Metamucil to add fiber to his diet and to have regular bowel movements, without consulting a doctor as he is too busy. After noticing tha

Gastrointestinal Disorders - Substernal Pain

Gastrointestinal Disorders A 50-year-old man has been suffering from substernal pain for the last 5 months, particularly on waking up in the morning. He lost his job a year ago and was suffering from depression. He consumes about 12-16 cans of beer every day. He has lost his appetite too and says that eating aggravates pain.

Organs of the Respiratory Passageways and Boyle's Law

An essential part of maintaining homeostasis in the body is supplying tissues with oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide from the tissues. Identify the organs of the respiratory passageways. Then we will examine how Boyle's law relates to the events of inspiration and expiration.

anatomy and physiology: primigravida female was discovered to have an abnormal ECG

During her routine initial (first trimester) prenatal evaluation, your patient, a 34-year-old primigravida female was discovered to have an abnormal ECG. She was sent to a cardiologist for further evaluation. She denied chest pain, weakness, palpitations, syncope, and shortness of breath, but she did state that she experienced o