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Human Anatomy and Physiology

Diagram of a loop of Henle and collecting duct

Create a diagram to show the arrangements of a loop of Henle and collecting duct. On the diagram: a) give the normal average osmolality at the top of the descending limb of the loop of Henle, at the bend of the loop, and at the distal end of the collecting duct. b) use arrowsto show the movement of water, sodium and urea

Transport of Pilocarpine Across the Corneal Membrane

I am trying to work through calculations to obtain the delta H and delta S in the example 3 - 14 on page 71 of Martin's Physical Pharmacy. A set of data (log Ka v. 1/T x 10^3) is plotted and the linear form of the van't hoff equation should be used to calculate delta H and delta S. The equation in this form is: ln K = -(delta

Cartilage, Tissue, and Cardiocytes

9. Name the type of cartilage that makes- up the interverebral discs and the cartilage between the pubic bones 10. Name the cellular junctions that allow cardiocytes ( heart muscle cells) to communicate a corrdinated heart beat. What are the three basic components of connective tissues?

All About Tissue

2. Name two of the four basic types of tissue 5. Name two cell types found in the connective tissue proper 6. What structures are composed of dense regular connective tissue (where they are found in the body). 7. Name the two fluid connective tissue types.


1. Functions of epithelia include all of the following except a. providing physical protection. b. controlling permeability. c. absorption d producing specialized secrections e. storing energy reserves. 2. A type of intercellular connection in which there is a partial fusion of the lipid portions of two cell

Antibody/antigen binding

Explain why an antibody could sometime bind differently to an antigen in function of its native or denatured conformation.

Recognition of the Antigen

Explain what does happen if a protein has no amino acids corresponding to the anchor residues of a given MHC molecule.


Explain three things that might stimulate the respiratory center during exercise to explain hypernea.

Review Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Cranial Nerves

Using the terms, match the appropriate structures with the descriptions given below: a. cerebellum h. fornix o. pineal body b. cerebral aqueduct i. fourth ventricle p. pituitary gland c. cerebral hemisphere j. hypothalamus q. pons d. cerebral peduncle k. mammillary bodies r. septum pellucidum e. choroid plexus

Neurophysiology of nerve impulses

Respond appropriately to each statement below either by completing the statement or by answering the question raised. 1. The cellular unit of the nervous system is the neuron. What is the major function of this cell type? 2 and 3. What characteristics are highly developed to allow the neuron to perform this function? (hin

Histology of nervous tissue

Supply an answer and explanation for each of the following: a) How is one-way conduction at synapses ensured? b) what is a mixed nerve c) What is the value of the connective tissue wrappings found in a nerve? d) Which cells of the following are multipolar, unipolar or bipolar: (sensory neuron, motor neuron, and

Excretory System

1) How many nephrons are contained in each kidney? about 100 about 1000 less than 100 about a million 2) Which of the following contains the least concentration of glucose plasma nephric filtrate urine 3) What percentage of the glucose in the filtrate is reabsorbed in the nephron? 0%

Nervous System

The junction specialized for the transmission between a neuron and another cell is called a (1) _____ ______. Usually, the signal being sent to the receiving cell is carried by chemical messengers called (2) _____. (3) _____ is an example of this type of chemical messenger, which diffuses across the synaptic cleft, combines with

Nervous System

Nerve cells that conduct messages are called (1) ____. (2) _____ cells, which support and nurture the activities of neurons, make up less than half the volume of the nervous system. (3) _______ neurons respond to specific kinds of environmental stimuli, (4) ______ connect different neurons in the spinal cord and brain, and (5)


An immature egg (oocyte) is released from one (1) ____ of a pair. From each ovary, and (2) _____ forms a channel for transport of the immature egg to the (3) ______, a hollow, pear-shaped organ where the embryo grows and develops. The lower narrowed part of the uterus is the (4) _______. The uterus has a thick layer of smooth m

HUman Biology

51. The structure of a lymphatic vessel is most similar to that of a(n) A. artery. B. arteriole. C. vein D. capillary. 52. The spleen A. is the largest lymphatic organ B. it filters the blood. C. it serves as a blood reservoir. D. all of the above 53. The spleen is much like a lymph node except that the

Human Biology

1. The alimentary tube is around _____ meters long. A. 2 B. 4 C. 6 D. 9 2. The processes of chewing are referred to as ______ A. churning B. mastication C. peristalsis D. deglutition 3. How many teeth does an average adult have? A. 20 B. 32 C. 30 D. 52 4. The term wisdom tooth refers to the _____ toot

HUman Biology

1. Attaches a muscle to a bone. A. Maximus 2. Attaches bones to bones. B. Minimus 3. The attachment of a muscle to C. Antagonist a stationary bone. D. Pronator 4. The attachment of a muscle to E. Supinator a bone that moves. F. Insertion 5. The shortening of a muscle. G. Origin 6. A muscle that cause the main

Human Biology of Body Parts

1.The radius is on the (medial, lateral) side of the forearm. 2. The nose is (inferior, superior) to the mouth. 3. The heart is (dorsal, ventral) to the sternum. 4. The carpals are (distal, proximal) to the phalanges. 5. The sternum is (anterior, posterior) to the vertebral column. Directions: Match the following

HUman Biology

This structure supports the weight of the vetebral column and helps protect organs. a. sternum b. pectoral girdle c. pelvic girdle d. acetabulum What converts to red marrow and produces new red blood cells when blood loss from the body is severe. a. yellow marrow b. spongy bone c. compact bone d. red marrow Wha

HUman Biology

The epidermis is thickest on the : a. mouth b. tongue c. scalp d. soles e. elbow Which of the following is not a function of the Integumentary System ? a. movement b. protection c. temperature regulation d. synthesis of vitamin D e. eliminate waste These skin glands are located only i


Please could you answer these questions as true or false (also attached): 1. An increase in tissue oncotic pressure contributes to edema. 2. Heart failure is an example of a disease state that causes generalized edema. 3. Hypertonic fluid alterations occur when the osmolality of extracellular fluid is below norma

Memory Types and Losses

Match the following: Declarative Memory Nondeclarative Memory Consolidation Amnesia Phylogenetic memory Defs: Skill memory a pathological form of forgetting rote memory the process by which memories are transformed from short -term to long term Species-based evolutionary memory

Metabolizer phenotype of CYP2D6

I got 0 out of 15 points for my answer on this problem. I'm thinking I should have received some partial credit. I'm posting the original question, my answer, and the "official" answer. I understand that the given answer is a better method, but won't my proposed method work? I'm looking for some expert, detailed, technical adv

Mother-Child and the Rh Factor

Regardless of bloodtype what is the problem if the Mother is Rh- with an Rh+ baby? 1st baby, and subsequent babies if not addressed? What happens and how? Also, this is a very strange question to ask you, I know, and if you can provide me with any info, advice, just let me know and I'll post it as a new problem and let me k