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Human Anatomy and Physiology

Classification of Joints

How are joints classified? Explain the classification of joints based on structural and functional characteristics.

Anatomy and Physiology of Bones

Which category of bones (long, short, flat, irregular) has the least amount of spongy bone relative to its total volume? What type of bone is the phalanx classified as? What two types of bone are the major submembranous site of osteoclasts? What type of bone is the major submembranous site of osteoblasts? What is th

Heirarchy of anatomical organization of the kidneys

I need to correlate the microscopic sturctures (cells) to the gross stuctures of the kidneys. I need to integrate into the response the heirarchy of anatomical organization from the cellular level to the organ level of the kidneys. Also, describe how the function of the kidneys correlates to the anatomical structures described

Origin and fate

Origin: 1. Parasympathetic ganglion- 2. The pancreas, not just the lining- 3. Intestine, not just the lining- 4. Sensory neurons- Fate of: 1. Mesomere- 2. Mesocoel- 3. Diocoel- 4. Telocoel- 5. Notochord- 6. Sinus venosus- Thanks

Histological relations

List and describe 5 histological relations found between the fetal and maternal components of various mammalian placentae. Please be as detailed as you can be. Thank you!

Stomach surface area.

Hi, How does the relatively small surface area of the stomach help it in it's digestion function. Thank you.

Critical thinking practice question

Why is incontinence a normal phenomenon in a child under 1 1/2 to 2 years old? What events must occur for the child to become "potty trained"?

Case Study: Neck Injuries and Partial Paralysis of Limbs

A 22 year old woman was in a motor accident with resultant neck injuries that led to partial paralysis of the upper and lower limbs. Sher reports that almost immediately after her chest felt heavy. Doctors in the ER observed that she was dyspneic. Her pulmonary function values were: vital capacity 650 ml min vent vol-6L/min

Physiology case study

I am given this info: My comments are in brackets A 26 year-old female prisoner begins a hunger strike to protest what she considers unfair prison policies. She drinks only tap water, and her only exercise is two dailyt half hour walks at approx 2.5 mph. The temp in her cell is kept at 72F. her starting weight is 70 kg (154 lb

Knee joints

Predict the consequences of of limiting movement at the knee joint. Based on my reading, I'm confused as to whther the various knee injuries and disorders associated wih the knee are examples of such consequences. Please help!!!

Need help with two questions.

You have just been in an accident and have experienced substantial blood loss. What autoregulatory mechanisms in the kidney will be initiated to maintain filtration pressure? Describe this mechanism in detail. If blood loss continues, what will occur to the autoregulatory mechanism? Given the following lab values, answer the

Goldman equation is explored.

The question asks: Calc. the membrane potential from Goldman equation using pNa/pK = 0.02 & the conc. of Na & K inside & outside the cell. Calc. the membrane potential using pNa/pK = 20. Compare these calculated values of membrane potential with the numbers from the simulation. Why does the membrane potential shift when pNa/

Describe the four basic layers of the digestive track; Liver failure

A lab worker accidently spills a tray of slides you have just prepared of the length of the digestive tract, beginning with the esophagus and ending at the rectum. How would you know that the first slide you picked up off the floor and checked with the microscope was from the stomach? Describe the four basic layers of the digest

Compare and contrast the composition of blood plasma and glomerular filtrate

Compare and contrast the composition of blood plasma and glomerular filtrate. Your friend is in a car accident and experiences a substantial amount of blood loss. The emergency room doctor tells you he is sending your friend to surgery to stop the bleeding however she is at a high risk for kidney failure. What does this mean? W

Homeostasis: About the level of urine passed from a human

A human drinks 1000 CM3 of distilled water and measures the amount of urine passed at 30 minute intervals. The subject passes 175CM3 at 30 mins, 325CM3 at 60 mins, and 225 CM3 at 90 mins. Why does the subject pass more urine at 60 mins than 90 mins???

Blood types/hemagglutination assay

Hi. Can someone please help me with the following blood typing/hemagglutination assay problem. I'm confused about who is the donor and who is the acceptor. For the question, please go to the following website: Click on prior examinations; password: gauchos Go to win

Flow cytometry

Hi. Can someone please check my answers to the following multi-part question, and explain the questions I couldn't answer or that I got wrong? This is an 11-part question (!), but I think it looks worse than it is. It's 60% of a 1-hour test, so I don't think it should take more than an hour to go through, at most. For the

Arteries and Veins

Hi, What are the 2 paired arteries that serve the brain? What vein drains the pelvic organs? Thank you.

Monoclonal Antibodies and Growth Environment

Monoclonal antibodies come from clones of B cells that produce a single antibody of known specificity. B cells will nor normally divide in the absence of antibody. The special trick that allowed monoclonal antibody-producing cells to be grown in culture was: (a) Mice were immunized with antigen and T cells removed and grown

The Pink Puffer

Arnold, 67, visited his doctor for the first time in about ten years because he had noticed an increasing shortness of breath during gentle exercise. He has found this shortness of breath most noticeable whilst climbing stairs or walking up hills. Arnold had smoked one packet of cigarettes per day for about 50 years, but he re

Biology Question

Immediately following a break in the skin, phagocytes engulf bacteria within the wound. This is an example of an _________ immune response which is __________ against a pathogen. A. adaptive, specific B. innate, specific C. innate, nonspecific D. adaptive, nonspecific

Liver and the associated systems linked to digestion

What are the liver functions in the digestive system and other organ systems associated with the digestive system? How are the liver and the associated organ systems linked to the digestive system? Explain briefly.

Limit of VO2 max and muscle mass

What would be a physiologic rationale to support or refute the contention that either (1) central circulatory factors or (2) peripheral factors residing within the active muscle mass limit VO2 max?