How are joints classified? Explain the classification of joints based on structural and functional characteristics.
Which category of bones (long, short, flat, irregular) has the least amount of spongy bone relative to its total volume? What type of bone is the phalanx classified as? What two types of bone are the major submembranous site of osteoclasts? What type of bone is the major submembranous site of osteoblasts? What is th
1. How can the skin be both a membrane and an organ? Please be very specific. 2. Also, what are fibers in the dermis produced by?
I need to correlate the microscopic sturctures (cells) to the gross stuctures of the kidneys. I need to integrate into the response the heirarchy of anatomical organization from the cellular level to the organ level of the kidneys. Also, describe how the function of the kidneys correlates to the anatomical structures described
The mouth, or buccal cavity, and its extension, which stretches through the body to the anus, is not listed as an internal body cavity. Why?
Origin: 1. Parasympathetic ganglion- 2. The pancreas, not just the lining- 3. Intestine, not just the lining- 4. Sensory neurons- Fate of: 1. Mesomere- 2. Mesocoel- 3. Diocoel- 4. Telocoel- 5. Notochord- 6. Sinus venosus- Thanks
List and describe 5 histological relations found between the fetal and maternal components of various mammalian placentae. Please be as detailed as you can be. Thank you!
Hi, How does the relatively small surface area of the stomach help it in it's digestion function. Thank you.
Describe the effects of both the loss and gain of sodium in the ECF. What would the effect be on the ICF? Why would this effect occur?
Why is incontinence a normal phenomenon in a child under 1 1/2 to 2 years old? What events must occur for the child to become "potty trained"?
A 22 year old woman was in a motor accident with resultant neck injuries that led to partial paralysis of the upper and lower limbs. Sher reports that almost immediately after her chest felt heavy. Doctors in the ER observed that she was dyspneic. Her pulmonary function values were: vital capacity 650 ml min vent vol-6L/min
I am given this info: My comments are in brackets A 26 year-old female prisoner begins a hunger strike to protest what she considers unfair prison policies. She drinks only tap water, and her only exercise is two dailyt half hour walks at approx 2.5 mph. The temp in her cell is kept at 72F. her starting weight is 70 kg (154 lb
Predict the consequences of of limiting movement at the knee joint. Based on my reading, I'm confused as to whther the various knee injuries and disorders associated wih the knee are examples of such consequences. Please help!!!
You have just been in an accident and have experienced substantial blood loss. What autoregulatory mechanisms in the kidney will be initiated to maintain filtration pressure? Describe this mechanism in detail. If blood loss continues, what will occur to the autoregulatory mechanism? Given the following lab values, answer the
The question asks: Calc. the membrane potential from Goldman equation using pNa/pK = 0.02 & the conc. of Na & K inside & outside the cell. Calc. the membrane potential using pNa/pK = 20. Compare these calculated values of membrane potential with the numbers from the simulation. Why does the membrane potential shift when pNa/
A lab worker accidently spills a tray of slides you have just prepared of the length of the digestive tract, beginning with the esophagus and ending at the rectum. How would you know that the first slide you picked up off the floor and checked with the microscope was from the stomach? Describe the four basic layers of the digest
Compare and contrast the composition of blood plasma and glomerular filtrate. Your friend is in a car accident and experiences a substantial amount of blood loss. The emergency room doctor tells you he is sending your friend to surgery to stop the bleeding however she is at a high risk for kidney failure. What does this mean? W
A human drinks 1000 CM3 of distilled water and measures the amount of urine passed at 30 minute intervals. The subject passes 175CM3 at 30 mins, 325CM3 at 60 mins, and 225 CM3 at 90 mins. Why does the subject pass more urine at 60 mins than 90 mins???
Hi. Can someone please help me with the following blood typing/hemagglutination assay problem. I'm confused about who is the donor and who is the acceptor. For the question, please go to the following website: http://tutor.lscf.ucsb.edu/instdev/sears/immunology/ Click on prior examinations; password: gauchos Go to win
Hi. Can someone please check my answers to the following multi-part question, and explain the questions I couldn't answer or that I got wrong? This is an 11-part question (!), but I think it looks worse than it is. It's 60% of a 1-hour test, so I don't think it should take more than an hour to go through, at most. For the
Hi, What are the 2 paired arteries that serve the brain? What vein drains the pelvic organs? Thank you.
Monoclonal antibodies come from clones of B cells that produce a single antibody of known specificity. B cells will nor normally divide in the absence of antibody. The special trick that allowed monoclonal antibody-producing cells to be grown in culture was: (a) Mice were immunized with antigen and T cells removed and grown
Arnold, 67, visited his doctor for the first time in about ten years because he had noticed an increasing shortness of breath during gentle exercise. He has found this shortness of breath most noticeable whilst climbing stairs or walking up hills. Arnold had smoked one packet of cigarettes per day for about 50 years, but he re
Immediately following a break in the skin, phagocytes engulf bacteria within the wound. This is an example of an _________ immune response which is __________ against a pathogen. A. adaptive, specific B. innate, specific C. innate, nonspecific D. adaptive, nonspecific
Each cerebral hemisphere can be divided into sections, or lobes, each of which specializes in different functions. What are the functions of each of these different lobes (i.e., frontal lobes, parietal lobes, occipital lobes, and temporal lobes)?
What are the liver functions in the digestive system and other organ systems associated with the digestive system? How are the liver and the associated organ systems linked to the digestive system? Explain briefly.
HIV infection may cross blood brain barrier and may cause infection of microglial cells in the brain.
Explain AIDS related encephalopathy?
What would be a physiologic rationale to support or refute the contention that either (1) central circulatory factors or (2) peripheral factors residing within the active muscle mass limit VO2 max?
In the following questions, determine whether they are True of False and explain your reasoning. Please note: The followig are very misleading; please help. T/F A decrease in arterial Partial Pressure of O2 stimulates increased ventilation by causing increased firing of action potentials in the afferent neurons from the c
In the following questions, determine whether they are True of False, and explain your reasoning. (Text may be helpfull: Vander, Sherman & Luciano's, "Human Physiology The Mechanisms of Body Function") Plese note that the following T/F are extremely misleading. T/F The reason high humidity plays such a significant role in