Joint movements may be nonaxial, uniaxial, biaxial, or multiaxial. Define what each of these terms means.
Name two types of uniaxial, biaxial, and multiaxial joints
What is the specific role of the meisci of the knee (articular discs)? Of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments?
How does rotation differ from circumduction
Describe the function of the arches of the foot.
Name the major components of the thoracic cage.
(a) What is a true rib? A false rib? (b) Is a floating rib a true rib or a false rib? (c) Why are floating ribs easily broken
(a)What is the function of the intervertebral discs? (b) Distinguish between the annulus fibrosus and nucleus plposus regions of a disc. (c) Which provides durability and strength? (d) Which provides resilience? (e) Which part is involved in a "slipped" disc?
List at least two specific anatomical characteristics each for typical cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae that would allow anyone to identify each type correctly.
Of the normal vertebral curvatures, which are primary and which are secondary curvatures?
The knee has been called "a beauty and a beast". Provide several reasons that might explain the negative (beast) part of this description.
I need to know the structure and function of Bursae and Tendon sheaths
Discuss the relative value (to body homeostasis) of immovable, slightly moveable, and freely moveable joints.
Briefly describe the anatomical characteristics and impairment of function seen in cleft palate and hip dysplasia
The major function of the shoulder girdle is flexibility. What is the major function of the pelvic girdle? Relate these functional differences to anatomical differences seen in these girdles.
How do the relative proportions of the cranium and face of a fetus compare with those of an adult skull?
A special posterior feature of the sacrum is the median sacral crest. What vertebral feature does this structure represent, and how is this sacral feature different from the same structure on lumbar vertebrae?
In what important respect are the transverse processes of the cervical vetebrae different from other vetebral transverse processes?
Please explain what the function of the body of a vertebra is?
Why are the thoracic and sacral curves known as primary curvatures of the spine?
Intevertebral discs consist of fibrocartilage. What does this imply concerning disc function?
Whyis cervical vertebra number 7 known as the prominens?
The second cervical vertebra contains a specialized projection known as the dens or odontoid process. What is the derivation of this projection's name?
A cell stimulated to increase its steroid production will have abundant____________. ribosomes, rough ER, smooth ER, Golgi apparatus or secretroy vesicles An epithelium built to withstand friction is _________________ simple squamous, simple columnar, stratified squamous, pseudostratified, or simple cuboidal Type of conn
What bone forms the superior portion of the perpendicular plate?
In terms of articulation with another bone, how is the hyoid bone unique in the axial skeleton?
What cranial nerve passes through the foramina in the cribriform plate of the ethmoid?
What endocrine structure lies in the sella turcica of the sphenoid?
11. Where in the body is glycogen stored? a. Red blood cell b. Bone tissue c. Liver d. Gall bladder 12. What electrolyte controls water balance in the human body? a. Sodium b. Potassium c. Magnesium d. Calcium 13. Identify the most important way heat is lost from the body during exercise. a. Conduction b. Radiati
6. Identify the earliest manifestation of cellular injury a. Accumulation of fat in the vacuoles of the cell b. Necrosis in the affected cells c. An accumulation of water within the cell d. Genetic derangements in cellular DNA and RNA 7. Select the best description of the arrangement of a cell membrane a. Carbohydrate bi