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    Effects of Insulin

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    When insulin travels to the cells of the body, the concentration of what compound will elevate with the cells?

    What is the specific action of this compound, within the cells?

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    Insulin produces a wide variety of effects that range from immediate (within seconds), such as the modulation of ion (K+) and glucose transport into the cells.

    Two different pathways are involved in the metabolism of glucose: one anaerobic and one aerobic. The anaerobic process occurs in the cytoplasm and is only moderately efficient. The aerobic cycle takes place in the mitochondria and is results in the greatest release of energy. As the name implies, though, it requires oxygen.

    Anaerobic Metabolism

    Glucose in the bloodstream diffuses into the cytoplasm and is locked there by phosphorylation. A glucose molecule is then ...

    Solution Summary

    Effects of Insulin on cells of the body.