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Factors Affecting Fetal Development

Can you explain how a woman might impact development of the fetus, taking into consideration the influence of environmental and genetic factors?

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It is well known that environment influences the embryo and fetus development, which can induce variants in the phenotype of the offspring (Choe, Son, Chung, Kim, Sun, Kim et al., 2011). For instance, research indicates that the environment of a pregnant mother has a life-long impact on later life of offspring. Stress from the environment has been reported to exhibit various physiological dysfunctions including abnormal hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal (HPA) axis activity, and brain dysfunction and behavior. Choe et al., focused on the effect of chronic maternal stress on the developmental program and its molecular mechanisms in animals. The findings showed that fetal body weight was significantly decreased by the maternal stress of mothers throughout the development process. They assert that change in the global gene expression patterns could not distinguish causal and ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses factors affecting fetal development concentrating on the influence of environmental and genetic factors.