1-Why do you think it is important to study the history of American women? 2-In the Introduction to Through Women's Eyes, the authors identify three integrating themes or categories in women' s history. Which do you find the most interesting and why?
The Second Great Awakening was a religious movement of the United States which began in late 18th century and lasted until the middle of the 19th century. The awakening had created among the people a heart for reform. It was an encouragement to education. Universities of Pennsylvania and North Carolina were established. There was an expansion of public schools from 1820-50. The religious fervor helped them to denounce slavery as sinful. The women demanded voting rights. The Senna Falls Convention in 1848 led by Elizabeth Caddy Stanton was an important step in this direction. The traditional male dominated family was replaced with co-operative family. The temperance movement functioned along with the women rights. The National Temperance Union demanded a ban on alcohol as it was detrimental to the stability of the family. Another notable result of the awakening was the growth of trade when the frontier people met together at the frequent camp meetings. These trade relations had greatly benefited the rural families.
Second Great Awakening was a religious movement of late 18th century and lasted until the middle of the 19th century in United States. Eventhough the awakening spread to all parts of America, it was concentrated on the Northwest and Midwest. The awakening created among the people a heart for social reform. The awakening resul
Oneida community was founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 at Oneida, Newyork inspired by the revival meetings of Charles Finney. It was successful due to its peculiar religious and social principles. Some of the doctrines adopted by the Oneida community were complex marriage, mutual criticism, male continence, ascending fellowship, confession, re-generation, separation, revelation, equality of sexes, and millennial kingdom. The movement failed due to the public criticism, lack of leadership qualities of his son, desertion and marriage of its members. In January, 1881, Oneida community came to an end and in its place a joint stock company known as Oneida Community Limited was formed
Oneida community was founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 at Oneida, Newyork. It was significant due to its peculiar religious and social principles. The revival meetings of Charles Finney attracted Noyes, but he developed his own religious doctrines. The whole theology of Noyes was based on the doctrine of perfectionism.
Transcendentalism was a literary and philosophical movement which began in the United States in 19th century. The ideas of transcendentalism were developed by Ralph Wando Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Henry David Thoreau, and a group of New England educators, religious leaders, and social reformers. Transcendentalists believe in intuition. They have the opinion that religion has no power to transfer the truth, but only the intuition. Transcendentalists had faith in oversoul. It is the omnipotent divine spirit found in every man. God can be found in nature. The transcendentalists stressed the unity of nature and humans
Transcendentalism was a literary and philosophical movement of 19th century. The movement began in United States. The ideas of transcendentalism were developed by Ralph Wando Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Henry David Thoreau, and a group of New England educators, religious leaders, and social reformers. Some of the main ideas o
Chief Justice John Marshall gave a landmark judgment in the case, McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819. The court ruled that it was true that the congress had no particular power to create a bank, but it had implied or enumerated powers other than the powers listed in the constitution. The Article I of the constitution empowers the congress to carry out other functions which were responsible. The bank was needed to stabilize the fluctuating economy of the country. The court also pointed the principle of the supremacy of the national government over the states. Therefore, the states had no power to tax the institution of Federal government. The verdict empowered the congress to use the implied or delegated powers and expand the role of the federal government
In the McCulloch v. Maryland case of 1819, the Supreme Court judge John Marshall gave a landmark judgment which had far reaching effects on the history of United States. The court ruled that it was true that the congress had no particular power to create a bank, but it had implied or enumerated powers other than the powers list
When Andrew Jackson was elected as the president of the United States in 1828, it was hailed as the victory for the common man. Until that time only the people from Virgina or aristocrats were elected as the president. Jackson who was was well known among the common people as a frontier, national hero, and a popular figure believed that the President should stand alone and win the the confidence of the people in the midst of an aristocratic congress. Jackson took democratic stand during the time of the formation of his cabinet or kitchen cabinet, Indian removal, nullification crisis, and during the war against the Second bank of United States.
The American Presidential election in 1828 was remarkable due to the rise of common man to the Presidency. Until that time, aristocratic presidents based in Virginia reigned over United States and Jackson was an exception to this. Many people felt that the election of 1828 was the result of a mob rule, but it was the inaugurat
The rise of political parties in United States began with the end of the Presidency of George Washington. Both parties believed in liberty and freedom of the people. The Republicans had the view that the state could exercise powers only enumerated in the constitution, while the Federalists argued that state had the right to make laws necessary for the functioning of the government which were not forbidden by the constitution.
The rise of political parties in United States began with the end of the Presidency of George Washington. The divisions between the strict constructionists and the loose constructionists led to the formation two political parties; Federalist Party and Republican Party. Both parties believed in liberty and freedom of the peopl
The era of good feelings began with the presidency of James Munroe after the war of 1812. The era began with the goodwill tour of the president towards North, where he was greeted by the people warmly. It was known as the era of good feelings because Monroe enjoyed great support due to one party domination and America felt great morale after the War of 1812. The period marked a rise of nationalism and absence of political strife. It enabled the Republicans to follow some of the policies of their political opponents like establishing a second national bank, a protective tariff, and improvements in transportation
The Presidential election of 1816 put an end to the Federalist Party. The Jeffersonian republicans totally dominated the national politics of the country. The period of James Monroe (1817-23) was therefore, known as the era of good feelings. The era began with the goodwill tour of the president towards North, where he was gre
The colonial America did not offer equality to blacks and women. For example, African slaves were considered as the property of their masters. Jefferson was influenced by the ideas of enlightened thinkers. In his statement to Cartwright, he said "Nothing... is unchangeable but the inherent and unalienable rights of man." On another occasion, he said, "It is a civilization alone which replaces women in the enjoyment of natural equality. That first teaches us to subdue selfish passions and to respect those rights in others, which we value in ourselves." In a deleted passage by the continental congress, Jefferson expresses his displeasure against the king for the violation of certain sacred rights of life and liberties to blacks. Inspite of several arguments against Jefferson, the above statements shows that he had invaluable respect for men and women of the country. We cannot deny the fact that the ideas of liberty of the founding fathers later led to the freedom of slaves and voting rights of women
Thomas Jefferson is considered as one of the greatest Presidents of United States who valued freedom and equality. It cannot be denied the fact that in Colonial America all people did not enjoy equal freedom. For example, African slaves were considered as the property of their masters. The conditions of the colonial women wer
Compare the philosophical and political convictions of Hamilton and Jefferson that led to the first American political parties.
Identify the Early British North American Colonies What were the goals? Explain the government? Explain the Social Structure. What was the religion?
This essay compares the involuntary migration of indentured servants and enslaved Africans. The essay explores the different and similar circumstances that each group had to deal with in the U.S.
What were the circumstances of the beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, California in the early 1990s?
What were the circumstances of the beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles, California in the early 1990s? What civil rights were violated? Why were the police officers tried and found guilty?
2-3 pages Details: Library Research Assignment Several issues have come to the forefront of our national conscience in the past two decades: Gay America Aging America Energy and the Environment Pick one of these three and discuss it. Your discussion should include these principal people/items and what they are kno
Explains causes and consequences of U.S. expansion from the time of Civil War through the turn of the 20th century.
An explanation of the various causes and consequences that helped to make the United States a world power with global interests and responsibilities between 1865 to around 1900. The specific areas of focus for territorial expansion are Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam or the Philippines.
Please assist me with some ideas so that I can write a paper on this topic: 1. Analyze the ten-year period known as Reconstruction (1865-1876).
The War of 1812 was followed by a period of exploration and settlement of the territory in the west. The exploration and settlement led to the development of six states. The main reasons for the westward expansion were the idea of manifest destiny, population growth in eastern states, cheap fertile land, economic opportunities, cheaper and faster transportation, and knowledge of overland trails. New technologies were developed as a result of the westward expansion. Cotton gin of Eli Whitney increased the production of cotton. Steam boats and locomotives were developed during this period. Other important landmarks during the period include removal of Indians, expansion of canals and railroads, Texas Rebellion, and US Mexican War. US won the war and extended its territories upto Pacific ocean. There were many reasons for the development of the west. The introduction of steamboats and railroads led to the development of trade and industry. The expansionist policies of Federal government like Homestead Act of 1862 helped the development of agricultural west. The Native Americans who lived in the west were greatly affected by the westward expansion. The population growth in the west led to the destruction of the environment and depletion of resources. The settlers and army killed the buffaloes to drive out Indians. Some of the tribes resisted the advancement of the whites but the US army defeated them in a series of battles. They were confined to reservations. Andrew Jackson, the President of the United States followed a policy of coercive removal of Indians with the passage of Indian Removal Act. The expansion also led to the destruction of their culture. The westward expansion led to the vast expansion of American land upto the Pacific ocean. Socially, the westward expansion destroyed the culture of the Native Americans. The wars with the tribes killed hundreds of them. The expansion expanded the institution of slavery. The introduction of cotton, steamboats, and railroads greatly improved the face of the west. It led to the development mining, trade, industry and rise of cities. The period after the civil war marked the beginning of economic development and industrialization. The railroads revolutionized the cattle industry. Large scale ranches were developed during this period. Large tracts of land occupied from the natives resulted in the development of agriculture, ranches, farms, and mining. Business of the sub regions were varied. Fur trade was the important business of the pioneers in the Rocky mountains. Mining was the biggest industry in the South West. Agriculture was the main business of the northwest. The discovery of gold led to large scale gold mining in California.
A) Overview of the expansion into the west. The War of 1812 was followed by a period of exploration and settlement of the territory in the west. There was already a large tract of land received from France as result of Louisiana Agreement. The pioneers between 1816-21 began to explore the unexplored west and settled down in r
An analysis of the scandal that brought down President Richard Nixon and led to his resignation. This brief summary places the late president in context and explains the most significant ways American politics, culture, and media were altered as a result of such criminal activities on the part of the Chief Executive.
3-4 paragraphs Details: President Eisenhower, in his farewell address to Congress, warned the nation of the growing "military/industrial complex." What did he mean by this? In your discussion, include each of the following characters and explain what their aim was: Aerospace companies - Boeing, Lockheed Martin General D
Details: You are the owner of a successful family farm in the Midwest. Your family has owned this farm for 80 years and 5 generations of your family have lived, worked and died there. It is now the 1930s and you and your family face its biggest challenge. The economy has faltered and now nature herself has turned against you a
This solution describes about the American life during 1920s and 1930s. The American life was centered on four main elements. They were prohibition, Model T, jazz age, and organized crime. The economic boom and prosperity transformed the life of Americans. They began to show interest in literature, music and film. The corporate and political abuses of the period resulted in the rise of social reform or progressive era. The US congress passed 18th amendment or National Prohibition Act in 1920. It was otherwise known as the Volstead Act. Eventhough, there was support for prohibition; a group of public were against prohibition. They viewed the act as an encroachment in their constitutional rights. The immediate result of the prohibition was gangsterism. The prohibition quickly created bootleggers, speakeasies, moonshiners, bathtub gin, and rum runners. Gangsters like Al Capone exploited the anti-prohibition environment. The prohibition destroyed the brewing industry of the nation. The law enforcement agencies failed to control the illegal distilleries. In 1933, prohibition was repealed by the 21st amendment. The economic boom and rising wages added fuel to consumerism. Consumer goods like cars, refrigerators, radios, cookers etc were produced in large numbers. Henry Ford manufactured Model A cars in 1903. When he found that it was a success, he turned towards the production of Model T cars in large numbers. The cars changed the American life in a greater way that they viewed the life in a different perspective. Foods and crops were able to transport from far and wide via trucks. People also began to settle away from the cities. This led to the development of suburbs. The booming economy and newly found independence resulted in the development of a unique culture known as jazz age. There were jazz artists such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. The jazz age also represented the freedom of women in society. The era was also known as the decade of flappers. The women of that period had short hairs and skirts. It was also a period of sexual revolution. The period also witnessed the cultural flowering of the African Americans known as the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance brought great activity in the field of writing, art and music. One of the great poets of the time was Langston Hughes who published "Weary Blues" in 1926. Many of the literary figures of that time wrote against the activities of the lost generation. Prominent among them were F.Scott Fitzgerald, who wrote "This side of paradise" and "The Great Gatsby." Other notable literary figures who wrote in the postwar society were Sinclair Lewis who wrote "Babbitt." Some of the writers disgusted with the American way of life lived in Europe. They were Ernest Hemingway and Gertrude Stein. The other important writers include T.S Elliot, Sherwood Anderson, H.L Mencken, and Eugene O'Neill. One of the most important scientific innovations of that period was radio. American began to hear their favorite programs through radio and there was a huge growth of advertisement industry. There was growth of cinema industry. One such example was Hollywood talkies. Glamorous actors had great popularity and dominated the American pop culture
The American life was centered on four main elements. They were prohibition, Model T, jazz age, and organized crime. The economic boom and prosperity transformed the life of Americans. They began to show interest in literature, music and film. The prohibition was the culmination of the progressive era. Progressive era was t
I need to write a two-page analytical essay on the topic by comparing the arguments on both sides of the issue: 1. The War between the Sexes 2. Attacks the Domestic Bondage of Women Thanks for all your help!
The discovery of and popular quest for gold and silver riches in the "Wild West" ended in disappointment for many hopeful miners, but their movement changed the landscape, population, and balance of the United States forever.
Identify and discuss a current constitutional issue that affects public education in New York
The government of the State of Arizona is formed in an organized manner. It has Federal, state and local government laws. The State of Arizona has three branches of administration. Any power the constitution did not give to the Federal government can be exercised by the State government of Arizona. There are 15 counties in Arizona. Below counties there are municipalities, towns, cities, districts and school districts. The counties have to respect the constitution of the state. The city charters are also need approval from the state government. Unlike municipalities there are also districts. Arizona has special districts, school districts, and community college districts.
The government of the State of Arizona is formed in an organized manner. It has Federal, state and local government laws. The State of Arizona has three branches of administration; legislature, executive and judiciary. Any power the constitution did not give to the Federal government can be exercised by the State government
There are specific qualifications required to hold the legislative offices of the State of Arizona. The members of both houses must complete the age of 25, complete three years of residency, and must be one year resident prior to election. The candidate should not have any legal hurdles. He must not be convicted of any treason or felony. The legislator should not be employed by the state or any county, city or town. A senate member should not reach thirty years of age and completed nine years of citizenship at the time of election. The member must not be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. A candidate of the House of Representatives must attain the age of twenty five and a citizen of United States for seven years. He also should not be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
The members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Arizona must be 25 years of age, when they take office. The members of the both houses must be residents of the state and complete three years of residency. They must also be residents of the country, one year prior to the election. The members should not be
The idea of direct democracy was rejected by the founding fathers of the United States. During the time of progressive era (1901-17) the citizens of the state of Arizona called for direct democracy. They believed that the ills of the society can be can be controlled by the direct participation of the citizens in government affairs. They called for three citizen measures; the initiative, referendum and recall. The process of "initiative", helps the citizens to enact legislation. Citizens can block the laws passed by the legislature by a "referendum." "Recall", allow the citizens to remove an official from office. Most of the people of Arizona supported direct citizen measures or direct democracy, but their idea was greatly opposed by President Taft who was a great opponent of direct democracy. President Taft blocked the way of Arizona to become a state because the state constitution permitted recall of judges. Arizona was forced to drop the idea of judicial recall. However, when Arizona attained statehood, it promptly restored the provision of recall of judges. Great changes were initiated in the state as a result of the direct democracy. During the first election of Arizona in 1912, the voters gave voting rights to women. Initiation process led to elimination and restoration of death penalty, limitation of the term of the judges, selection of judges based on merit, creation of citizen redistricting commission, change of the name of Arizona State College to Arizona State University, initiation of state lottery, multiple animal right measures, higher taxes for cigarettes, ban of smoking in public places, increased minimum wage etc. In the same way, as a result of "referendum", series of measures were taken to cancel the laws passed by the legislatures and it prompted the legislature to repeal some laws. The provision of "recall" was not much successful, but the citizens were able to muster enough support to begin recall election process against the Arizona governor in 1988. There are severe criticisms against the direct democracy, but its defenders argue that it helps reform the government, control powerful lobbyists, and equip the powerless group to place their case before the people. It can also provide a path to vibrant and healthy democracy.
The US constitution was written in 1787. The founding fathers rejected direct democracy as it was not practical. They favored a representative form of government. The whole picture was changed during the time of progressive era. The Progressive Era (1901-1917) was initiated as a response to political and corporate abuses at
How might emerging technology affect the interpretation of the constitutuionally guaranteed freedom of speech? Of privacy?
The constitution was a remarkable and living document, but the founding fathers pointed out some errors in protecting the individual rights of the citizens. There started a stiff debate between Federalists and anti-federalists over this issue. The anti-federalists refused to accept the constitution without a bill of rights against any excess of the state. The Bill of Rights alone did not protect the rights of some sections of the society. They were slaves or black people. It took years to get the freedom for the blacks through the American civil war and a series of constitutional amendments. Three amendments, 13th, 14th and 15th amendments were passed in this direction. These amendments were known as the reconstruction amendments. Thirteenth amendment abolished slavery, fourteenth Amendment guaranteed to African Americans the rights of due process and equal protection of the law, and the fifteenth amendment gave the blacks the right to vote. The women were also not given the voting rights, until the 19th amendment was passed in 1920.
The constitution was a remarkable and living document, but the founding fathers pointed out some errors in protecting the individual rights of the citizens. There started a stiff debate between Federalists and anti-federalists over this issue. The anti-federalists refused to accept the constitution without a bill of rights ag
The progressive movement (1901-17) was a response to political and big business abuses at the turn of the twentieth century. When America was industrialized rapidly, there arose political as well big business abuses. A host of reformers government and individuals came forward to reform the society. Jane Adams was great social reformer who founded the settlement house movement known as the Hull House. Margaret Sanger educated the urban poor regarding birth control and family planning. Booker T. Washington tried to develop the skills of the African Americans by giving them education. W.E Dubois, encouragaed the African Americans to study liberal arts. Muckrakers fought against corruption and abuses of the political tycoons. City Reforms: Progressives tried to prevent the urban corruption and it resulted in the reorganization of the local governments State Reforms The reforms of the states were encouraged by governors and Populist Party. Federal Reforms: Federal government passed a series of legislations connected with the environment, past laws, health and tried to reform the capitalist society. Amendments: Series of landmark amendments were passed during the progressive era. These were 16th, 17th, 18th and 19 amendments. Temperance and Women suffrage movements were of utmost importance during this period. Failures of Progressive movement: Inspite of all the above reforms, the progressive era was a dark period in the history of African Americans. There committed atrocities against the black community in the south. Progressives did not address the problems of the blacks in America. Disfranchisement and segregation were some of the notable events of the period. Finally, the progressives had no common goals to solve the ills of the society.
The progressive movement (1901-17) was a response to political and big business abuses at the turn of the twentieth century. People in different walks of life participated in the reform process and tried to reform the capitalistic society. The American civil war (1861-65) had made United States one of the greatest industrial