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Biological Chemistry

Beta bends or reverse turns

The amino acid sequence shown below represents a portion of a peptide bond obtained from a large protein: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 His - Ile -Thr - Arg - Phe - Phe - Pro - Cys - Met - Gly - Glu - Ala - Ile- Pro - His - 16 17 18

CBC with differential

What are the clinical scenarios when: WBC is up or down H/H is up or down Platelet is up or down When the differential is obtained what is the meaning of the percentage of: Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils Lymphocytes Monocytes

Solve: Nernst Equation

Suppose that the Nernst potential (across a neurons plasma membrane) for Mg(2+) is a 100+ mv. Calculate the fold concentration gradient for magnesium and explain in which direction it lies across the membrane (more on the inside or outside of the cell).

Questions Based on the Action of Pyruvate

Hi, I need some assistance with the following questions: 1. The disease beriberi, which results from a dietary deficiency of vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is characterized by neurological and cardiac symptoms, as well as increased levels of pyruvate and alpha- ketoglutarate in the blood. How does a deficiency of thiamine account for

Fermentation

What is the purpose of ferementation after glycolysis? and.. Why use starved starved yeast rather than sugar fed yeasts for fermentation?

Solution - Anomers

In solution, 80% of the fructose 6-phosphate is in the beta-anomeric form and 20% is in the alpha-anomeric form... Please see attached for full question. It should be 2,5 -Anhydro...(in beta configuration).

Free Energy Changes in Glycolysis

Free Energy changes in glycolysis. a) Which three reactions are irreversible? What does this mean? b) The other seven reactions are near equilibrium. Explain how this diagram reflects this. Please see attached for the full question (ignore question 7.)

Signal amplification is explored.

The signaling mechanisms used by a steroid-hormone receptor and by an ion channel linked receptor have very few components. Can either mechanism lead to an amplification of the initial signal? If so, how? Ideas are included.

Vitamin A 0.05% gel

I am trying to find out which chemical form of vitamin A is used in pharmaceutical gels. - Vitamin A 0.05% gel for pharmaceutical 1) vitamin A 2) vitamin A Aldehyde 3) 9-cis-Retinoic Acid 4) 13-cis-Retinoic Acid

Life on Earth - 8 Short Questions.

Life on Earth - Biological Concepts from the Non-Science Major Perspective Quiz: (1 point each) 1. Describe the difference between and exergonic and endergonic reaction? 2. Why do environmentalists claim that an increase in forests, i.e. rainforests, will slow down the effects of global warming? 3. Explain how fats a

Oxidation of palmitate

Estimate the amount of energy a mammal can obtain from the oxidation of palmitate, in the liver under conditions of ketosis, relative to the amount obtainable under conditions of a balanced diet with adequate consumption of glucogenic fuels.

Major pathway of glycine degradation

In order to determine the major pathway of glycine degradation, you devise an experiment in which mice are fed 13C(alpha)-labeled glycine, and the livers are then isolated and radioactive intermediates detected by GC-MS. Interestingly, you find that the amino acid serine contains the most radioactivity, and that both the Calpha

GRE subject Biochem

Discuss the feasibility of using methylation analysis to distinguish between each of the following pairs of carbohydrates: A) Maltose and Trehalose B) Maltose and Amylose C) Amylose and Cellulose

Inhibitors: Irreversible and Reversible

Question: It is possible to distinguish between an irreversible inhibitor and a classical mixed type reversible inhibitor by measuring Vmax of the enzymatic reaction as a function of [E]t in the absence and presence of the inhibitor. What does the slope represent in each case? What does the X-axis intercept represent in

Biophysics - Calculating deltaG

In one day the average person secretes about 2.5 litres of gastric juice into the stomach. The pH of the cells in the stomach lining that perform the secretion is about 7 (the same as for all cells) and the pH of the stomach is about 1. Thus, H+ ions must be moved against an H+ gradient. The free energy change for moving molecul

Converting Units Examples

1. A deep space probe is traveling at a velocity of 18.8km/s. What is its velocity in miles/minutes? 2. Astronomers have measured a faint galaxy to be at a distance of 200 megaparsecs from earth? How far is this in miles? (1 Parsec = 3.26 Light-years, Mega = 1x10^6). 3. A perfume company wants to dispense 13.9 quarts of a

Equation for Flight

Hi, I need assistance setting up an equation for the following problem: A bird is flying around the world at a rate of 14.5 ft/sec. How many days will it take to complete its journey?(circumference of earth=25000 miles)

Setting Up Equations

Hi, I need assistance setting up an equation for this problem: Problem: If a satellite orbits the earth at a velocity of 3.2x10 to the fourth power km/hr, this would be the same as how many ft/min?

BUTTER

Butter that is spreadable even when cold - does this have anything to do with oleic acid passing through the cow's digestive system in to the milk?

FAT IN MILK

How would feeding cows rape seed increase the level of good fats in their milk?

Gibbs Free Energy: ATP-coupled reactions:

Calculate the change in G value for the reactions: (include change in Energy in the answer). (a) Phosphocreatine + ATP --> creatine + ATP (b) ATP + fructose --> ADP + fructose 6-phosphate

Carbonic Anhydrase: Calculate Turnover Number

Please help with the following problem. Provide step by step calculations. Carbonic anhydrase of red blood cells, which has a molecular weight of 30,000, is among the most active known enzymes. It catalyzes the reversible hydration of CO2, which is important for the transport of carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs.

Single enzyme that will breakdown all proteins,lipids, and carbs??

A friend of yours has just received a new dietary supplement purchased online. The bottle states that the single enzyme it contains will break down all proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates in food we eat into smaller easily digestible pieces. the bottle also states that the enzyme is an "organic protein." has your friend been mis

Cleaning Products, Proteins and Macromolecules

Please help with the following problem. You are the owner of a company that sells cleaning products. The people in research and development have two new products for you to review. The first is a type of hand soap that they say cuts grease because "it is from lipid and like dissolves like." The second is a laundry detergent

Please Help

What is the pH of 4% (w/v) solution of Ca(OH)2? Assume that Ca(OH)2 is 100% dissociated.