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Biological Chemistry

Finding Vmax and Km from [S] and Vobs Data

With the following info for the activity of an enzyme in the absence and presence of compound A, what is the: Km of the enzyme, the Vmax of the enzyme, and the action of compound A ( an inhibitor, stimulator, modulator, etc) and please describe why. S (mM) Vobs control Vobs with cmpd A 0.1 0.68 0.91 0.2 1.25 1.67 0.5

Km and Vmax: Derivation from 2 Substrates and 2 Vobs

Can you help me derive the equations necessary to calculate Km and Vmax with a given observed velocity at two substrate concentrations. What is Vmax and Km if you know Substrate1 and Substrate2 and the matching Vobs1 and Vobs2? Thank you for all your help.

Equilibrium Concentration from Keq and Initial Concentration

Part 1: what is equilibrium concentrations and concentration ratios of glucose-6-phosphate/glucose-1-phosphate in the phosphoglucomutase reaction when the initial concentration of glucose-6-phosphate is (a) .01 M and (b) 10^-3 M. The Keq for the reaction below is 19. Glucose-1-phosphate ---> glucose-6-phosphate Part 2: wh

Free Energy of Fructose-6-Phosphate and Glucose-6-Phosphate

Fructose-1,6-diphosphate can be converted to glucose-1-phosphate by three successive reactions: Fructose 1,6 diphosphate + H20 ---> fructose-6-phosphate + Pi Keq= 607 Fructose-6-phosphate ---> glucose-6-phosphate G°= -410 cal/mol Glucose-6-phosphate --->glucose-1-phosphate G°= 1750 cal/mol As

Acid/Base

You want to make a 0.1M acetate buffer from 0.1M solutions of acetic acid and acetate. How many mL of acetic acid would you need per liter of solution (with the rest of the volume coming from the acetate solution) to generate a pH of 4.75? The pKa of acetic acid is 4.76

Pka Histidine Protein Active Site

The pKA of histidine in a protein active site where it is next to an aspartate or glutamate would be____________ the pKa of free histidine solution higher, lower, no different Is it higher??

Hydrolysis of Phosphocreatine

For the hydrolysis of phosphocreatine: Phosphocreatine + H2O==creatine + Pi the standard state deltaG is -42.8 kJ/mol at 37 degrees celsius. If in a given cell the concentration of creatine is 1.7mM, phosphate is 5.8mM, and phosphocreatine is 6.4mM, what is the deltaG for hydrolysis of phosphocreatine in the cell? Nearest 0.

Delta G

The equilibrium constant for the denaturation of a protein is determined to be 0.13 at 59.8 degrees Celsius. What is the standard state of delta G for the reaction, in kJ/mol to 0.01kJ/mol.

Phosphate System and Physiological pH

The phosphate system serves to buffer the intracellular fluid of cells at physiological pH because pK2 (7.20) lies near the normal pH range of 6.9-7.4. If the total cellular concentration of phosphate is 19mM and the pH is 6.9, what is the concentration of (H2PO4-) in mM?? Is this correct??? H2PO4-(aq) H+(aq) + HPO42-(aq)

Free energy and its affects

What affect does the presence of metal ions like Mg++ in the cell have on free energy of hydrolysis of ATP?? raise, lower, or no affect why??

Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis

The following questions refer to the mitochondrial enzyme MALATE DEHYDROGENASE. What is the chemical reaction, within the citric acid cycle, that is catalyzed by malate dehydrogenase, and which substrates, products, and/or cofactors are involved? The reaction from the previous question is classified as a dehydrogenatio

Reaction process for Lactate Dehydrogenase Catalyzed

Lactate dehydrogenase catalyzes the reversible reaction: Pyruvate + NADH + H^(+) --> Lactate + NAD^(+) Given the following facts, (a) tell in which direction the reaction will tend to go if NAD^(+), NADH, pyruvate, and lactate were mixed, all at 1 M concentrations, in the presence of lactate dehydrogenase at pH 7; (b) calc

Lipid Structures Multiple Choice Questions

See attached file for full problem description. Which structures contain saturated fatty acids or saturated fatty acid derivatives? Select all answers that apply. a. A b. B c. C d. D e. E Which structures contain unsaturated fatty acids or unsaturated fatty acid derivatives? Select all an

Trisaccharide and Sugar Properties

Provide the complete & accurate systematic name for this molecule. Be sure to include the correct names, in order, of the sugar residues, the correct numeric linkage for the glycosidic bonds, and any necessary information about anomeric carbons. See attached file for trisaccharide molecular formula. The first monosacchari

Scissile Bond

If the following peptide was the substrate for Carboxypeptidase A. Which of the indicated red arrows correctly identifies the scissile bond? See attached file for full problem description.

Catalytic Mechanism of Carboxypeptidase A

1) Carboxypeptidase A, a zinc-containing enzyme, hydrolyzes the C- terminal peptide bonds of polypeptides and/or proteins. In the enzyme- substrate complex, the zinc ion is coordinated to three enzyme side chains, the carbonyl oxygen of the scissile peptide bond, and a water molecule. A plausible model for the enzyme's reaction

Beta Glucosidase Activity Assay

I have followed the procedure that you provided to determine the activity of the beta-glucosidase, however, what I am unsure of is how the rate is calculated? In order for me to establish the rate, I followed your instructions however incubated the enzyme/buffer and PNPG solution for different times, ranging from 0-16 minute

Making a Dilution

Make the following dilution: a working concentration of 100 ml 15 U/uL from an enzyme stock of 756,431 U/uL. Will you use a serial dilution? Why or Why not?

Effect on PAGE gel

Describe the effects the following would have on the way you PAGE gel would run: a) Increasing the percent of acrylamide b) Increasing the pH of the Tris-glycine buffer to 9.5 c) Decreasing the voltage at which the gel was run d) Increasing the voltage at which the gel was run by a factor of 3 e) Doubling the sample load vo

Tripalmitoylglycerol Oxidation

Contrary to the legend camels do not store water in their humps, which actually consist of a large fat deposit. How can these fat deposits serve as a source of water? Calculate the amount of water (in liters) that can be produced by the camel from 1 kg (0.45 lb) of fat. Assume for simplicity that the fat consists entirely

Hydrolyzed gelatin use in diet

A weight-reducing diet heavily promoted in the past required the daily intake of "liquid protein" (soup of hydrolyzed gelatin), water and an assortment of vitamins. All other food and drink were to be avoided. People on this diet typically lost 10-14 lb in the first week. (a) Opponents argued that the weight loss was al

Fatty acid biosynthesis

Using your knowledge of fatty acid biosynthesis, provide an explanation for the following experimental observations: (a) The addition of uniformly labeled [14C] acetyl-CoA to a soluble liver fraction yields palmitate uniformly labeled with 14C. (b) However, the addition of a trace of uniformly labeled [14C]acetyl-CoA in th

Oxaloacetate and Oxygene Consumption

Addition of small amounts of oxaloacetate or malate to suspensions of minced pigeon-breast muscle stimulated the oxygen consumption of the preparation. Surprisingly, when the amount of oxygen consumed was measured, it was about 7 times more than the amount necessary to oxidize the added oxaloacetate or malate completely to carbo

Experiment: Measurement And Analysis Of Cellular Respiration

Cellular respiration is a process that occurs in many organisms. The rate of cellular respiration can be measured using several different methods. a) design a specific experiment to measure the rate of cellular respiration in an organism of your choice b) construct a graph to report your results and graph the results th

ATP Synthesis

How does the mitochondrion couple the fall of the electrons in the electron transport chain to ATP synthesis?

Absorption Spectra for Fluorescent Proteins

What is the difference between an absorption spectrum, excitation spectrum, and emissions spectrum? I deduce the identity of two fluorescent protein (label FP3 and FP6) based on absorption spectrum. The results of the absorption spectra were plotted in two ways: Y-axis as true absorbance or Y-axis as normalized absorbance