1. Being an only child is (necessary, sufficient, or necessary and sufficient) condition for being a sibling? Explain? 2. Truth table for: It is not the case that if the Lakers do not win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Therefore, if the Lakers do win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Is t
1.Give example of conditioanl where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is true, and conditional is true. Also where the conditional is false. 2. Give example of conditional where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is false and the conditional is true. Also, where the conditional is false. 3. Truth tables
I'm really confused with what to do. I need help on this. I need to find the main conclusion and fallacies in this article (see attachment). Thank you so very much. I appreciate it greatly!
The following arguments contained various kinds of fallacies. We had to formulate each fallacy into an argument. 1. We can recognize that athletes that can participate in sports must be given special consideration within our grading system, or we can let the university descend into athletic oblivion. 2. I do not know wh
It is noon, your lunch hour and you cannot go outside due to the fact it is hailing and raining. You radio weather man says the hail will turn to all rain and it will continue to rain for the remainder of the day. How can one determine if hte sun will be shining in 36 hours. Justify the answer.
Can you please revised the soft deductions in the attachment and give immediate feedback, I need to know if i am on the same page as your-self 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. All women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a
Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito
I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape
An explanation of the consequences of rejecting the two dogmas of empiricism, as argued for by Quine.
What are the consequences, according to Quine, of rejecting what he calls 'the two dogmas of empiricism?
Brief discussion and an example of the difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's frameworks for decision theory.
What is the main difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's framework for decision theory?
A subcategory of informal errors of argumentation is that of errors of relevance. Various types of such errors are discussed and exemplified.
Which are the errors of relevance within the category of informal errors of argumentation?
How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume
I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president
Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain
7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are
Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des
How does Socrates define justice in Plato's Republic? I am having a hard time understanding his line of argument. How does his definition of justice of the individual relate to his argument for justice in the state?
Trying to understand and show how to solve problems using the rules of validity to show when syllogisms are valid.
Question: Using the rules of validity, show what syllogisms are valid, when the conclusion is O. ------------------------------------------------------ This is the correct answer of the same question, but with the conclusion being I (it is preferred to have the answer in this format, showing the rules that applied to ea
The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being
Marx's claim that "The communists preach no morality at all." Is he being consistent?
Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain
1.not our man. If Jones committed the crime, then he wouldn't pass a "lie-detector" (i.e. polygraph) test. But, as a matter of fact, he did pass the test. a)Why is the argument fallacious? (and it is!) 2. The following argument is valid but fallacious. If most animal species are changing over time, then the theory of evo
1. Arguments are inductive if they are invalid. (True or false and Explain why??) 2. A valid argument can have a false conclusion. (Explain why and If true, then give an example??) 3. The claim "The earth is round" is a valid statement. (True or false and Explain why??) 4. A logically sound argument may
In a logical argument, what is a "straw man?"
What does "to quoque" mean?
What are the standard forms of the arguments that follow? a. Women live longer than men, on the average. So, you will probably live longer than your husband! b. Subliminal advertising is quite common. Why? Hundreds of studies have shown that subliminal persuasion works. You end up buying things you neither want nor need:
True and false questions. Explain the answer and give an example. A. A valid argument may have a false premise and a true conclusion. Give an example. B. If an argument has all true premises and a true conclusion, then it is always a reasonable (good) argument. Give an example.