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Logic & Critical Thinking


1. Being an only child is (necessary, sufficient, or necessary and sufficient) condition for being a sibling? Explain? 2. Truth table for: It is not the case that if the Lakers do not win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Therefore, if the Lakers do win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Is t

Truth tables and conditionals

1.Give example of conditioanl where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is true, and conditional is true. Also where the conditional is false. 2. Give example of conditional where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is false and the conditional is true. Also, where the conditional is false. 3. Truth tables

Fallacies and main conclusion

I'm really confused with what to do. I need help on this. I need to find the main conclusion and fallacies in this article (see attachment). Thank you so very much. I appreciate it greatly!

Critical Thinking and Identifying Logical Fallacies

The following arguments contained various kinds of fallacies. We had to formulate each fallacy into an argument. 1. We can recognize that athletes that can participate in sports must be given special consideration within our grading system, or we can let the university descend into athletic oblivion. 2. I do not know wh

Reasoning and Critical Thinking problem is solved.

It is noon, your lunch hour and you cannot go outside due to the fact it is hailing and raining. You radio weather man says the hail will turn to all rain and it will continue to rain for the remainder of the day. How can one determine if hte sun will be shining in 36 hours. Justify the answer.

Accurate Soft Deductions Feedback

Can you please revised the soft deductions in the attachment and give immediate feedback, I need to know if i am on the same page as your-self 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. All women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a

Critical thinking questions and issues are featured.

Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito

translate into Propositional Logic form

I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape

Truth Tables

How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume

Truth Tables

I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president

David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"

Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain

Venn Diagrams

7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are

Modern Square of Opposition

Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des


The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being

Symbolize and prove the arguments provided

Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain

Philosophy questions - argument fallacious

1.not our man. If Jones committed the crime, then he wouldn't pass a "lie-detector" (i.e. polygraph) test. But, as a matter of fact, he did pass the test. a)Why is the argument fallacious? (and it is!) 2. The following argument is valid but fallacious. If most animal species are changing over time, then the theory of evo

Philosophy arguments

1. Arguments are inductive if they are invalid. (True or false and Explain why??) 2. A valid argument can have a false conclusion. (Explain why and If true, then give an example??) 3. The claim "The earth is round" is a valid statement. (True or false and Explain why??) 4. A logically sound argument may

Writing Simple Arguments in Standard Form

What are the standard forms of the arguments that follow? a. Women live longer than men, on the average. So, you will probably live longer than your husband! b. Subliminal advertising is quite common. Why? Hundreds of studies have shown that subliminal persuasion works. You end up buying things you neither want nor need:

Examples of premises and conclusions are presented.

True and false questions. Explain the answer and give an example. A. A valid argument may have a false premise and a true conclusion. Give an example. B. If an argument has all true premises and a true conclusion, then it is always a reasonable (good) argument. Give an example.