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Logic & Critical Thinking


1. Being an only child is (necessary, sufficient, or necessary and sufficient) condition for being a sibling? Explain? 2. Truth table for: It is not the case that if the Lakers do not win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Therefore, if the Lakers do win the championship, then the coach will be fired. Is t

Truth tables and conditionals

1.Give example of conditioanl where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is true, and conditional is true. Also where the conditional is false. 2. Give example of conditional where, the antecedent is false and the consequent is false and the conditional is true. Also, where the conditional is false. 3. Truth tables

Immanuel Kant Quote Question 2 from my homework

I need to know what is the following quote main idea and why does he present this main idea " The will is thus not merely subject to the law but is subject to the law in such a way that it must be regarded also as legislating for itself and only on this account as being subject to the law "of which it can regard itself as the

Immanuel Kant Quote

I am presented with a quote from Immanuel Kant the quote is as follows: "But let us suppose that there were something whose existence has in itself and absolute worth, something which as an end in itself could be a ground of determinate laws... Now i say that man, and in general every rational being, exits as an end in himself

Fallacies and main conclusion

I'm really confused with what to do. I need help on this. I need to find the main conclusion and fallacies in this article (see attachment). Thank you so very much. I appreciate it greatly!

Critical Thinking and Identifying Logical Fallacies

The following arguments contained various kinds of fallacies. We had to formulate each fallacy into an argument. 1. We can recognize that athletes that can participate in sports must be given special consideration within our grading system, or we can let the university descend into athletic oblivion. 2. I do not know wh

One Person, Two Votes

There was a proposal in the erly part of this country tht people with college degrees should have two votes, everyone elso one. I have tried to research this and cannot find anything. I need some ideas for argument for this issue and some against it. Can you help me.

Reasoning and Critical Thinking problem is solved.

It is noon, your lunch hour and you cannot go outside due to the fact it is hailing and raining. You radio weather man says the hail will turn to all rain and it will continue to rain for the remainder of the day. How can one determine if hte sun will be shining in 36 hours. Justify the answer.

Soft deductions

Please give a detail explanation and example of soft deductions, what is the purpose??

Critical thinking questions and issues are featured.

Recently, the Vice President ("VP") of the Marketing Department at American Motors ("AM"), a fictitious large automobile manufacturing company, studied methods for increasing AM's market share of electric cars. Industry sales figures showed that AM ranked third behind the number of electric cars sold by its two biggest competito

Truth Tables

As part of a packet of problems there are 5 truth table problems and I am having problems solving this one. Can you help me set it up?

Propositional Logic is featured.

I have 25 statements I'm supposed to translate into Propositional Logic form and these three are giving me some trouble. Do you think you could help? e) Liza Minelli marries another businessman if Michael Jackson has another nose job, provided it is not the case that neither Britney Spears nor Justin Timberlake is videotape

Modern Square of Opposition is considered.

I'm not really sure if this is a valid argument or not. We are supposed to solve it using the modern square of opposition and the wording is just confusing me! a. It is false that some dogs are not mammals. Therefore, it is false that no dogs are mammals. Valid or invalid?

Counterexample Method

Can you show me how to use the counterexample method to prove the following categorical syllogism invalid. "All criminals who assist other criminals in bank robberies are persons guilty of larceny. Accordingly, some individuals driven by greed are not persons guilty of larceny, inasmuch as some criminals who assist other cri

Truth Tables

How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume

Truth Tables

I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president

David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"

Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain

Standard Categorical Form

Translate the following into standard categorical form: a. Unfair card games are not fun b. All cats except sphinxes have fur. c. Belgian waffles are not from Belgium d. All California politicians do not have particularly huge egos. e. The World Series of baseball is never played in December. f. A few logic s

Contraposing propositions

Contrapose the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. a. Some boats without sails are not crafts that are unsinkable. b. Some unsuccessful people are not incompetent people c. Some flammable objects are objects that are unsafe for babie

Obverting propositions

Obvert the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. (2 points each) a. No Tour de France riders are athletes who are unable to ride no-handed. b. Some tuition hikes are not actions fair to students.

Converting Propositions

8.Convert the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. a. Some types of celebrations are not occasions that foster family harmony. b. All dipsomaniacs are friends of Jim Beam.

Venn Diagrams

7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are