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Logic & Critical Thinking

What fallacy is represented below?

What fallacy is represented below? The death penalty is a warning just like a lighthouse throwing its beams out to sea. We hear about shipwrecks, but we do not hear about the ships that the lighthouse guides safely on their way. We do not have proof of the number of ships it saves, but we do not tear the lighthouse down.

Is this an invalid or valid syllogism?

All items made of gold are expensive items. Some rings are items made of gold. Therefore, some rings are expensive items. Is this an invalid or valid syllogism?

An instructor of interpersonal skills for managers is examined.

Scenario: Maria, an instructor of interpersonal skills for managers, has had three sessions with a particular organization. She was told that Neil has not been able to keep a team together for more than three months at a time. She notices that, in her workshops, he lounges with a bored expression and reads the sports pages whil

Valid or invalid claims are judged.

Madeline must have known the material for the test, because if a person knows the material, that person will always get an A, and Madeline was one of the students that got an A.

Predicate Logic Proofs

I am looking for help with Predicate and Quantitative Logic. Provide proofs for the attached 4 problems using the 9 rules of inference, the 10 rules of replacement and Quantitative logic. --- Provide proof s for the following four arguments using: The 9 rules of inference; Modus Pollens (MP); Modus Tollens (MT); Hypothe

Critical Legal Theory and Critical Legal Studies

I was assigned a 7 minute oral report yesterday. I am having trouble distinguishing these two topics from one another. I plan to encompass both in my presentation on Critical Legal Theory and Critical Legal Studies. I need to know: 1. Origin - (I think this is Marx, but I am having trouble getting details). 2. What trig

Analysing Arguments: Truth, Validity, Congency

1. I'm having difficulty analyzing arguments-identifying, supplying missing premises for inductive and deductive arguments, diagramming, reconstructing and listing claims and diagramming. For eg. Number must be either infinite or finite. But it cannot be infinite. An infinite number is neither odd nor even, but numbers are a

Formalize and Evaluate an Argument

Hi, I'm having some problems with this topic. I need to formalize the argument and state what the premises are and the conclusion. I also need to evaluate the argument to show the effectiveness of it. Thanks for your help. --- Here's what I think: everyone is selfish. You're always looking out for Number One, no matt

Putting arguments into standard form

I can understand the basic standard form of an argument when it is given to me, but when I see an argument without a second premis I dont understand it. My teacher is not very good at explaining and will not even recommend a good book for me to read to help understand. This is my last hope to understand these examples before the

Arguing for Locke's position in his Letter Concerning Toleration

Government is a civil interest Arguments: 1. Soul is each person's responsibility 2. Faith cannot be forced - Faith-belief - Government has laws. - Laws are only effective because of force. 3. Forced belief is not acceptable to God. - Voluntarily Can you explain me what does it mean? Please g

Evaluating arguments

I present and explain some basic concepts pertaining to the evaluation of an argument.

Issues/Concerns and Recommendations/Solutions

Mainly, how would you approach the problem and what COAs would you develop? Question - What are the critical issues/concerns and recommendations/fix of each area ? Synopsis: I have just been put in charge of rebuilding a military unit that was recently pretty much wiped out in a battle. There are survivors; however, moral

Valid Or Invalid Venn Diagrams

Five identical sweatshirts are placed in a bag. A letter is stiched to the back of each shirt; two of the letters are L's and three are W's. Chris, Hugo and Mary each pull out a sweatshirt without looking at it and put it on. Chris can see Mary's and Hugo's and correctly deduces, "I cannot tell which letter I have on." Mary's on

Surfing Internet news sites

On your lunch break, you surf Internet news sites and read articles on the following topic to prompt a discussion on the relevance of data analysis. After reading these articles, you have become interested on researching additional resources on the data analysis using the Internet, and all other resources that are linked to

Bazerman's Six Steps

Think about a recent business decision you have made that was either a success or a failure. Your supervisor asked you to email him/her a self-evaluation of this decision as part of your yearly evaluation. You are to be as objective and open minded as possible. Analyze your decision using Bazerman's six steps as a guide: define

True or false and multiple choice

1. Critical thinking is a natural process which requires no effort. A ) True B ) False 2. Critical thinking skills are important in... A ) school B ) home C ) civic life D ) work E ) all of the above 3. Logic is A ) useful in winning arguments B ) a fallacy C ) the stu

Authorities and Mirror tendencies are applied.

1. Authorities To what extent should we rely on any authority for information? Is this approach ever a reasonable way of knowing? What would it be like to live in a word in which we believed only in what we experienced and never in what we heard from others? Think about information you gathered about "emergency preparedn

Testing syllogisms and conditional arguments for validity

Part 1. To be a valid syllogism, the conclusion must be proven by the reasons. Carefully study the following syllogisms and decide if they are valid or invalid: 1. All zebras are striped animals. No zebras are polar bears. Therefore, no polar bears are striped animals. 2. All clowns are funny

Philosophy fallacies, Atheism

1. We can recognize that athletes that participate in sports must be given special consideration within our grading system, or we can let the university sink into athletic oblivion. Please see attached.

Logic questions

Give a critical evaluation of each of the following passages 5. "The First Amendment forbids the government from prohibiting the free exercise of religion. Therefore, the government cannot prohibit religions from engaging in human sacrifice." (Daniel E. Flage, Logic, 1995) 6. If cigarette smokers are warned of the hazards

Fallacy article is assessed.

Identify the fallacy each article commits. I identified the first one to be slippery slope and the second as common belief and the third I am lost. Can you identify these correctly for me by highlighting and explaining why you think they commit these fallacies. Answer the following question below. The Other Shoe

Logic

I would like to have these two questions answered for my own research in philosophy, if possible. 1) Is every satisfiable formula derivable? Why? 2) Is every valid formula derivable? Why?