Explore BrainMass
Share

# Logic & Critical Thinking

### Substitution instances are shown.

3. Indicate which of the listed expressions are substitution instances of '(Ax)(Ey)(Bxy > Byx)'. a. Bab > Bba b. (Ey)(Bay > Bya) c. (Ey)Bay > Bya d. (Ey)(Bcy > Byc)

### Symbolize English sentences

2. Symbolize English sentences a-d in PL, using the following symbolization key: UD: living things Nx: x is a nut-eater Bx: x is a black squirrel Gx: x is a gray squirrel Rx: x is a red squirrel a. All gray squirrels are nut-eaters. b. No gray squirrels are nut-eaters. c. Some gray squirrels are nut-eaters. d. Some

### Indicate which of the following are formulas of PL

1. Indicate which of the following are formulas of PL, and which of those are sentences of PL. For each formula, underline the main logical operator and indicate whether the formula is atomic, truth-functionally compound, or quantifed. For those that are not formulas, explain why not, and for those that are formulas but not sent

### A case study is listed.

Jeffrey, a manager in his 40s, works for a medium-sized organization in Chicago, and is fed up with work. The problem is not financial, it is that he is not being recognized. The boss recently brought in an outsider to help him at his own expertise. He has applied for other jobs and has been offered one in California. The in

### The Sales Manager for Big C represents the public face of the consultant company.

Xenia, I need your help.The following is all about the Big C firm. I need help going more in depth(1/2 pages) about the HR departments role such as how HR handles all the pay, personnel and other internal functions for the Big C firm. Also a few Power Point slides would help out great to portray the key points. The Sales Man

### How do assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking?

1. How do assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking? 2. What are the essential components of a logical argument? 3. What is the meaning of validity, truth, and soundness as they relate to the area of logical syllogisms? 4. What are the two formal fallacies?

### Hypothetical Syllogisms - Conditional Arguments

I am having issues with this subject. Can you answer questions and explain why on attached document.

### Syllogisms

I am having issues with a subject. I need you to answer these attached questions and explain why so I can complete other like it.

### Valid or Invalid Syllogisms

Hypothetical syllogisms (conditional arguments) can have two valid and two invalid structures. The two valid structures are affirming the antecedent (modus ponens) and denying the consequent (modus tollens). The two invalid structures, or fallacies, are denying the antecedent and affirming the consequent. Please help me determin

### Inductive thinking and logic and beliefs

1. Identify and explain one or two beliefs and attitudes of those around you that you believe are founded on poor logic (inductive or deductive). Can you find illogical thinking embedded in cultural beliefs? Please explain. 2. What are soft deductive arguments? How do these relate to inductive thinking? What is needed to emb

### Assumptions

Write down the assumptions they believe are being made. Here is an example: Ed and Sarina are college educated. They decided to move to the suburbs from the city, although both will continue to work in the city. The pressures of the city are getting to them. They are having more arguments. They spend weekends getting out of the

### Outlines for Hurley's "A Concise Introduction to Logic"

Attached are the first of multiple lecture notes used in connection with teaching Hurley's "A Concise Introduction to Logic". It can also be used as a general primer on argument.

### Essay Questions: Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision Making.

Need help! Need help composing an essay question or questions relational to "Critical Thinking: Strategies in Decision Making." Number 1 The design should have the effect of integrating the concepts of critical thinking. Number 2 It should be challenging, the response(s) demonstrate the ability to analyze and evaluate

### Logics

Question 1 1. (R v X) > (A > B) 2. Q > ~C 3. ~C > Z 4. R . Y 5. Q v A /Z v B Question 2 1. ~(U v R) 2. (~R v N) > (P . H) 3. Q > ~H / ~Q question 3 1. ~(S v C) 2. ~(S . R) > (C v D) /D Question 3 answers Expanded Question 4 1. D > P /(I . D) > P Question 5 text 1. P v

### Critical Thinking in Decision-making

Please help me with ideas so I can write the following: In APA format. 700-1,000 word paper in which you describe critical thinking. In your paper, provide an example from a work related experience that involved critical thinking,and the importance and benefits of critical thinking in the decision-making processes. Be sure to

### What is the pressure (in atm) in a 10 liter tank containing 5 kg of oxygen at 300 degrees K?

What is the pressure (in atm) in a 10 liter tank containing 5 kg of oxygen at 300 degrees K? I think this requires the equation PV=nRT, but I can't seem to figure it out.

### Logics - 17 Rules of Inference

Can someone please help me with these? Use the 17 rules of inference to prove the following argument valid. question 1 1. (Z > X) . (X > ~Z) 2. Z v X 3. ~X / A . B question 2 1. B v (S . N) 2. B > ~S 3. S > ~N / B v W question 3 1. (Q . F) v R 2. (Q v R) > ~P 3. ~A / ~(A v P) question 4

### Translate the following sentence into propositional form. Use the letters suggested for affirmative statements.

~ tilde . conjunction v disjunction > implication = biconditional 1. Translate the following sentence into propositional form. Use the letters suggested for affirmative statements. If today is Saturday and it is not raining, then we will play golf. (S,R,G) 2. Translate the following sentence into propositional

### If A, B, and C are TRUE and X, Y, and Z are FALSE

25. If A, B, and C are TRUE and X, Y, and Z are FALSE and P and Q are UNDETERMINED what is the truth value of the following proposition? A = (P = ~P) 26. If A, B, and C are TRUE and X, Y, and Z are FALSE and P and Q are UNDETERMINED what is the truth value of the following proposition? ~Z v ~Q 27. If A, B, and C a

### Translate the following sentence into propositional form.

1. Translate the following sentence into propositional form. Use the letters suggested for affirmative statements. We'll go to the park if today is Saturday and it's not raining. (P. S, R) 2. Translate the following sentence into propositional form. Use the letters suggested for affirmative statements. Neither Alexander

### Analyze Article - DUI

Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify

### Analyze Article - Drunk Parking

Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author

### Analyze Article - Alcohol and Teens

Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify and

### Analyze Article - Teens and Alcohol Advertising.

Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. State one argument made by th

### Moral Obligation: Example Question

What is moral obligation? What is the extent of our moral obligation to other people and other living things?

### What are some of the philosophies or beliefs of Michele Foucault?

What are some of the philosophies or beliefs of Michele Foucault?

### Use critical thinking skills to evaluate all sources of information

Define and explain the dual problems of grade inflation and academic integrity in online education; prepare in-text and reference methods for at least three sources. Consider how you would respond if one of your teammates on a group project submitted an assignment that was blatantly plagiarized. Do you believe your teammate's ac

### Plagiarism and Authority Issues

Explain the problem of plagiarism and authority as it relates to citation. Do you also see a problem here? Why are vendors a problematic source for academic papers? Why are open-contributed websites like Wikipedia a questionable authority?

### Critical Thinking, Advertising, Articles, Media, Conversation

O Why and how could you apply critical thinking when evaluating each of the following: ? Articles ? Advertising ? Media ? Conversations.

### Terri Schiavo's Parents

Resource: "Terri Schiavo's Parents" news clip View the CNN Pipeline news clip located on aXcess for Week Eight. Post your response to the following: State your stance on the Terri Schiavo case, and identify the moral value judgment that influenced you to choose your stance. An example of a stance is, "Terri Schiavo shou