Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des
Write an A proposition, an E proposition, an O proposition, and an I proposition. Do Venn Diagrams for each.
4.Change the quality and the quantity: (2 points each) a. All pedo-paranoiacs are people who fear their shoes.. b. No national politicians are people who hate fundraisers. c. Some students at Cascadia are not people who carry cell phones. d. No logic exams are tests looked forward to with great glee. p e. Some spi
Change the quantity, but not the quality in the following statements a.Some US Presidents are not people who understand foreign policy. b. All logic instructors who support their students are instructors why try hard.. c. No furry cats are animals that are not furry d. Some football stadiums are structures that rese
Write 2 true categorical propositions. Identify the quantifier, subject, predicate, and copula in each: Prop: Q: S: C: P: Prop: Q: S: C: P:
What are the identity element e, the inverse y and the zero element d for the multiplication operator? See attachment
What does it mean for the operator ? to be distributive over the operator # ?
Given: f (x) = (x - 3)² g (x) = 2x x = 5 Find: (a) f ° g (x) (b) g ° f (x)
Symbolize the following sentences. (a) If Howie is a fish, then all children are fish. (b)There is a spotted frog. (c)All frogs are spotted. (d)Frankenstein is big and tall.
Complete the following proof directly or indirectly. Problem is attach due to character limitations.
A) Translate the following argument into symbols: "If either Melissa likes dogs or Jason likes cats, then Ned likes birds. Ned does not like birds. Therefore, Melissa does not like dogs." (Use the propositional variables M, J and N, respectively.) b) Complete a proof of the argument from part (a).
Complete the following proof using Indirect Proof. the problem is attatched in a word file due to character limitations.
Complete the following proof using the Deduction Theorem. The problem is attatched in a word file because of character limitations.
How does Socrates define justice in Plato's Republic? I am having a hard time understanding his line of argument. How does his definition of justice of the individual relate to his argument for justice in the state?
Trying to understand and show how to solve problems using the rules of validity to show when syllogisms are valid.
Question: Using the rules of validity, show what syllogisms are valid, when the conclusion is O. ------------------------------------------------------ This is the correct answer of the same question, but with the conclusion being I (it is preferred to have the answer in this format, showing the rules that applied to ea
The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being
Marx's claim that "The communists preach no morality at all." Is he being consistent?
Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain
1.not our man. If Jones committed the crime, then he wouldn't pass a "lie-detector" (i.e. polygraph) test. But, as a matter of fact, he did pass the test. a)Why is the argument fallacious? (and it is!) 2. The following argument is valid but fallacious. If most animal species are changing over time, then the theory of evo
1. Arguments are inductive if they are invalid. (True or false and Explain why??) 2. A valid argument can have a false conclusion. (Explain why and If true, then give an example??) 3. The claim "The earth is round" is a valid statement. (True or false and Explain why??) 4. A logically sound argument may
In a logical argument, what is a "straw man?"
What does "to quoque" mean?
What are the standard forms of the arguments that follow? a. Women live longer than men, on the average. So, you will probably live longer than your husband! b. Subliminal advertising is quite common. Why? Hundreds of studies have shown that subliminal persuasion works. You end up buying things you neither want nor need:
True and false questions. Explain the answer and give an example. A. A valid argument may have a false premise and a true conclusion. Give an example. B. If an argument has all true premises and a true conclusion, then it is always a reasonable (good) argument. Give an example.
Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules (MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS) to complete the following questions attached
Explain whether the following is true or false. A. All reasonable arguments are true. B. The claim "If it is raining, the exposed surfaces will be wet" is an argument composed of simple statements.
Scenario: A young man's car developed a flat tire as he was driving along a deserted street. He pulled over to the curb and did all the usual things: removed the hub cap, unscrewed the lugs and rested them carefully in the hub cap, jacked up the car. Just as he was finishing up they all rolled out, and all five of them fell dow
1. Using one or more analogies, try to make a brief argument for or against these moral issues: ABORTION GUN CONTROL EUTHANASIA CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
For each of the following arguments, try to think of some critical information that could weaken or discount the conclusion. How could the argument be expressed to eliminate the weakness? 1. Generally, women prefer men of high status. Celestina is a woman. Therefore, Celestina probably prefers men of high status. 2. Genera
SYLLOGISM VALIDITY TESTING EXERCISE To be a valid syllogism, the conclusion must be proven by the reasons. Carefully study the following syllogisms and decide if they are valid or invalid: 1. All zebras are striped animals. No zebras are polar bears. Therefore, no polar bears are striped animals. 2. All clowns are fun