What is the "seeing as" argument for descriptionism in the imagery debate?
An explanation of the consequences of rejecting the two dogmas of empiricism, as argued for by Quine.
What are the consequences, according to Quine, of rejecting what he calls 'the two dogmas of empiricism?
Brief discussion and an example of the difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's frameworks for decision theory.
What is the main difference between Savage's and Jeffrey's framework for decision theory?
A subcategory of informal errors of argumentation is that of errors of relevance. Various types of such errors are discussed and exemplified.
Which are the errors of relevance within the category of informal errors of argumentation?
How do you use truth tables to show if an argument is valid or not??? a.Ray is thinking about his study plans. He thinks: If I don't study, then I won't do well on the test.: Therefore, if I do well, then I have studied. Is Ray's inference valid? I set it up so that: S=I study W=I do well on the test Ray's argume
I don't get how to set up truth tables with the operator symbols. How do I know what operator to put where? Can you help???? a.George Washington was the 20th U.S. President only if Thomas Jefferson played in a band with Britney Spears. b.Either George W. Bush is the current President and Bill Clinton is his vice-president
Hello, I've just started reading David Hume's "Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" and I'm trying to figure out why Hume argues (look in part 1 of Section 4) that knowledge of "causes & effects" can't be gained through reason alone? Why can't it be? I think it's logical that reason works alone sufficiently. Please explain
Translate the following into standard categorical form: a. Unfair card games are not fun b. All cats except sphinxes have fur. c. Belgian waffles are not from Belgium d. All California politicians do not have particularly huge egos. e. The World Series of baseball is never played in December. f. A few logic s
Contrapose the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. a. Some boats without sails are not crafts that are unsinkable. b. Some unsuccessful people are not incompetent people c. Some flammable objects are objects that are unsafe for babie
Obvert the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. (2 points each) a. No Tour de France riders are athletes who are unable to ride no-handed. b. Some tuition hikes are not actions fair to students.
8.Convert the following propositions and state whether the converse is logically equivalent or not logically equivalent to the original. a. Some types of celebrations are not occasions that foster family harmony. b. All dipsomaniacs are friends of Jim Beam.
7.Use Venn diagrams to evaluate these inference. Be sure to label your diagrams: ( a. It is false that some baseball players are people who do not take steroids. Therefore, no baseball players are people who do not take steroids. b. All bride grooms are nervous wrecks. Therefore, it is false that some bridge grooms are
Use the Modern Square of opposition to determine whether the following inferences are valid. (To do this, state the type of proposition each is and show how the one does or doesn't imply the other.) a. No country music singers are musicians who despise twang. Therefore, some country music singers are not musicians who des
Write an A proposition, an E proposition, an O proposition, and an I proposition. Do Venn Diagrams for each.
4.Change the quality and the quantity: (2 points each) a. All pedo-paranoiacs are people who fear their shoes.. b. No national politicians are people who hate fundraisers. c. Some students at Cascadia are not people who carry cell phones. d. No logic exams are tests looked forward to with great glee. p e. Some spi
Change the quantity, but not the quality in the following statements a.Some US Presidents are not people who understand foreign policy. b. All logic instructors who support their students are instructors why try hard.. c. No furry cats are animals that are not furry d. Some football stadiums are structures that rese
Write 2 true categorical propositions. Identify the quantifier, subject, predicate, and copula in each: Prop: Q: S: C: P: Prop: Q: S: C: P:
What are the identity element e, the inverse y and the zero element d for the multiplication operator? See attachment
What does it mean for the operator ? to be distributive over the operator # ?
Given: f (x) = (x - 3)² g (x) = 2x x = 5 Find: (a) f ° g (x) (b) g ° f (x)
Symbolize the following sentences. (a) If Howie is a fish, then all children are fish. (b)There is a spotted frog. (c)All frogs are spotted. (d)Frankenstein is big and tall.
Complete the following proof directly or indirectly. Problem is attach due to character limitations.
A) Translate the following argument into symbols: "If either Melissa likes dogs or Jason likes cats, then Ned likes birds. Ned does not like birds. Therefore, Melissa does not like dogs." (Use the propositional variables M, J and N, respectively.) b) Complete a proof of the argument from part (a).
Complete the following proof using Indirect Proof. the problem is attatched in a word file due to character limitations.
Complete the following proof using the Deduction Theorem. The problem is attatched in a word file because of character limitations.
How does Socrates define justice in Plato's Republic? I am having a hard time understanding his line of argument. How does his definition of justice of the individual relate to his argument for justice in the state?
Trying to understand and show how to solve problems using the rules of validity to show when syllogisms are valid.
Question: Using the rules of validity, show what syllogisms are valid, when the conclusion is O. ------------------------------------------------------ This is the correct answer of the same question, but with the conclusion being I (it is preferred to have the answer in this format, showing the rules that applied to ea
The arguments for the existence of God, as famously outlined in the five ways of Thomas Aquinas (in his Summa Theologica) were meant to provide a convincing proof for the existence of God. It was not original with Aquinas. From the very beginnings of Western Philosophy, Pre-Socratic philosophers argued for a transcendent being
Marx's claim that "The communists preach no morality at all." Is he being consistent?
Use conjective symbols and the nine valid inference rules MP, MT, SIMP, CONJ, ABS, ADD, DS, HS Either animals are mere mechanisms (M) or they feel pain (P). If either animals feel pain or they have souls (S), then they have a right not to be subjected to needless pain (R) and humans have a duty not to inflict needless pain